Which countries borders Germany in the east, west, south and north

The European part of the mainland of Eurasia occupies approximately 10 million km ², where more than 700 million people live. Europe is divided into 4 parts: east, west, north and south. 43 states are located here. About each of them, you can write a separate article to get to know better. But it is possible to briefly describe the most developed countries and find out, for example, with which countries Germany borders, whether Spain has access to the sea and ocean, and whether it is possible to quickly swim from Italy to the African mainland.

Germany

The Federal Republic, which is located in the central part of Europe, has an area of ​​more than 300 thousand km², and the population at the end of 2015 was 82 million inhabitants (this is the 16th position in Europe by number and the 62nd position in the territory).

which countries borders Germany

The city of Berlin is the capital of Germany, 65% of the entire population profess Christianity, and the official language is German.

Germany is the most developed country not only in Europe, but also in the world, and, of course, the neighborhood with it gives a great advantage.

What countries does Germany border on?

Germany is the central part of Europe, although it has access to the seas, such as the Baltic and the North. The country has a common border with several states, or rather, there are 9 of them. Let's see which countries borders Germany:

  • in the west - the Netherlands, France, Belgium and Luxembourg;
  • in the north, Denmark;
  • in the south - Austria, Switzerland;
  • in the east - the Czech Republic and Poland;

The total length of the borders is more than 3,700 kilometers. In the south there are countries that are closest to Germany in terms of cultural and ethnic parameters, and Austria also speaks German, and in Switzerland, besides the official German language, there is also French. By the way, for many years Germany and Austria were part of the same state.

land borders of Germany

Austria, Switzerland and Germany are the mountains, hills and lakes that unite these countries. One has only to recall the Alps, Lake Constance or the River Rhine, the upper course of which is the natural boundary.

The southern land borders of Germany are connected with four countries, and one of the main ones here is France, which is also considered to be one of the developed countries in the whole world. The border between them passes along the Rhine, and for many years the land belonged to one country or another, therefore many residents can speak both German and French. The rest of the countries - Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg - are small and have a small territory bordering Germany.

In the north, the only neighbor of the country described is Denmark, the border with which occupies only a small segment of land, near the Baltic Sea.

The border between Germany and Poland

In addition to southern, western and northern neighbors, the state also has eastern ones. Let us repeat once again, with which countries Germany borders in the east. This is Poland and the Czech Republic.

border between Germany and Poland

In ancient times, conflicts between these countries flared up because of differences in religions, culture, and even linguistic affiliation. So, it can be noted that in Poland there are many cities that have both Polish and German names, because for some time they belonged to Germany, for example, the city of Pozan.The boundaries between them are on the river Oder.

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