Where does rosewood grow, what are its biological features?

Where does rosewood grow, what are its biological features?

  1. Rosewood (East Indian pink tree, Bombay ebony, sonokeling) (Dalbergia latifolia) is a woody plant of the legume family. In total, the genus Dalbergia has about 150 species. In general, a rosewood is called a different breed of tropical trees, similar in color and structure.
    Areal: trees of the genus Dalbergia grow in South Asia, India, South America. Rosewood species: Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia) India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka; sissu (Dalbergia sissoo) India; rosewood Rio (Dalbergia nigra) Brazil; royal tree (Dalbergia cearensis) eastern Brazil; kokobolo (Dalbergia retusa) from Mexico to Panama, Honduran rosewood (Dalbergia stevensonii) Central America; Amazonian rosewood (Dalbergia spruceana) northeast Brazil; Siamese rosewood (firewood) (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) South Asia; Burmese rosewood (tulip tree) (Dalbergia olivera) South, Southeast Asia; pink tree Camphy (Dalbergia cultrata) Cambodia, kamlai (Dalbergia bariensis) Vietnam.
    Rosewood has a very beautiful wood, belongs to valuable wood species, so the main area of ​​its use is the manufacture of elite furniture, interior decoration, parquet, sheathing, veneer. In addition, musical instruments, carvings, boats (India) are made of rosewood.

    Wood color: sapwood (outer young layers) light, narrow, yellow-gray, the core dark, purple-brown, sometimes has a violet hue, often in the bright wood there are bright bands. The annual layers are poorly expressed, the nucleus is present. Core rays narrow, visible badly. The texture is homogeneous, beautiful, which is largely determined by the unusual bright coloration of the rosewood, a combination of dark and light strips.
    The wood is heavy, dense, hard, difficult to hand and machine, but successfully polished and glued. Characterized by high biostability (to the defeat of biological factors fungi and termites).
    The density of wood rosewood 800900 kg / m3.
    When dried, it dries weakly, but there is some tendency to cracking, so requires the use of soft drying regimes. After this procedure, the characteristics of wood are improved: strength, hardness.

  2. Rosewood (French palissandre) is the name of the wood of a number of tropical tree species. Contrary to the fact that TSB calls rosewood wood of some South American species of Jacaranda of the family of bignonia, the use of this name in relation to the wood of Dalberia (Dalbergia) family of legumes is more correct and established (moreover, sometimes wood of this genus from South America is sold under the commercial name of Jacaranda, but not vice versa). In English, the Rosewood name was assigned to rosewood, but in Russian the use of its literal translation of the rosewood is more descriptive.

    Description of wood

    Color varies depending on the variety. The basic background from pinkish-light brown to brick-red or chocolate-brown color, a pattern of dark veins (its expression also varies), often with a purple hue. In most rosewoods of the genus Dalbergia, due to the high content of essential oils in freshly grinded form, the wood produces a pleasant floral odor that disappears after drying. In terms of hardness, it exceeds the oak by a factor of 1.5 or 2, depending on the type, the density is usually in the range of 8001000 kg / m # 179 ;. High strength, well polished. Sapwood whitish or light brown is unstable. In addition to the use in the array, rosewood is obtained from a very beautiful veneer, the pattern of which usually depends on the choice of the planing direction, which allows you to select very exquisite patterns. Used in the production of furniture, parquet, musical instruments (for example, rosewood padding and fretwork for bow and stringed string instruments).

    different types and where they grow and look at all in Wikipedia

  3. Rosewood tree (rosewood) (French palissandre) - beautifully colored wood of some South American tree species of the Jacaranda family of the bignonia. From rosewood wood produce expensive furniture, musical instruments, etc. Sometimes a rosewood tree is called a palisander tree.
    Under this name in trade is known the wood of several tropical trees. Thus, P. tree Jacaranda brasilliana Pers., A plant belonging to the family Bignoniaceae. The leaves are large, opposite and binary, the flowers are large, blue or red, irregular. Wood of other plants, Dalbergia latifol ia Roxb. and D. Sissoo Roxb., belonging to the family Motylkovs and growing in the East Indies, also goes on sale under the name of P. wood.
    Rosewood tree was brought to Russia in the form of ridges thick in 10-12 vertices and up to 2,5 soot. , from Brazil and Guiana: lower grades of wood are obtained from East India. It is highly regarded as a wonderful material for the manufacture of expensive furniture and various luxury items; in expensive finishes it is used in conjunction with metal, which increases the natural beauty of the tree; mainly, is used for pasting the body of grand pianos and pianos, made of small-layered pine. The wood is very hard, dense, fine-grained and porous; its color is compound, and depending on the predominance of this or that color, different shades are obtained; in most cases dark brown with a purple tint prevails, while a number of lighter and darker veins are also found. Polished hard, but polishing significantly increases the beauty of the tree; if polishing is not done carefully, then P. der. with time it gets dark or even completely black. Wiped with a cloth P. der. produces a very pleasant smell, somewhat like the smell of Parma violets; on sale sometimes call it violet tree or yakaranda.

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