What is pashmina? Thin, soft, warm fabric. Pashmina Shawl
Connoisseurs of luxury clothing, of course, know what pashmina. So called woven from the undercoat of the Himalayan goat. The material has an exceptionally light, fine and soft texture.
Animals that give people their warm fluff, graze so high in the mountains that nature has provided for them two types of wool. Upper visible (guard) hair - long, hard and thick. Bottom down is crimped finest intertwined fibers, creating small air pockets that keep the temperature of the animal's skin, keeping it cold from the cold, and in the heat from overheating. This unique undercoat is also used as a raw material for the manufacture of pashmin material.
Gentle down - gentle handling
Every spring during molting, a gentle fleece is combed from the abdomen and neck of goats, using special combs.Before the animal has an undercoat for a new collection, it will take at least 4 years. The wool is cleaned in a solution of rice water, and then spun the thread without the participation of spinning machines, manually. Gentle yarn also does not tolerate industrial processing, so it is woven on manual looms.
What is pashmina
Goat fiber undercoat 3 times thinner than human hair. They do not contain wool wax (lanolin), therefore they do not smell like wool, they are exceptionally eco-friendly and do not cause irritation or allergies.
The amazing insulating properties of the fiber, the long and laborious spinning process and the fact that to make one shawl from pashmina need an undercoat from as many as four goats make the fabric very expensive, it belongs to the premium class. According to specialists, the cost of one product is about 70 US dollars.
The thing on the label which says that it is 100% pashmina, is rarely found on sale. More often, the proposed composition of "pashmina + silk." Moreover, the last component should be present in the fabric no more than 40%. The advantage of the mixed material is that it is stronger and cheaper, besides the thin fabric has a characteristic noble luster. The disadvantage is that the product is not as warm as 100% fluff.
It is no coincidence that the name of the material is Persian in origin. The word Shah-tus is translated as "royal wool". Even in the 16th century, notable people knew that the fabric - pashmina. One of her first admirers was Mohammed Zahireddin Babur from the Mughal dynasty. Embroidered with precious stones and gold shawls of fine fabric - pashminas - were carried along the Great Silk Road to his successor Akbar. Material entered Europe in the 18th century. It is said that for the first time Napoleon brought a shawl from pashmina to her beloved Josephine Beauharnais. The woman appreciated the exquisite wool at its true worth, in her wardrobe scarves, scarves, shawls of various colors appeared from pashmina.
Pashmina used to be so highly valued that it was inherited, like a family jewel.
How to distinguish a pashmina product from counterfeit
It’s not always worth trusting a label that assures that you have 100% pashmina in front of you. There are a number of tricks to help determine if this is true:
- Hold the product in your hands for a few seconds: the fabric should warm up.
- Attach the thing to the delicate skin of the neck: the touch should be weightlessly soft, without tingling and discomfort.
- Fold the tippet: it should fit in a closed palm or easily pass through the opening of the wedding ring.
- Carefully consider the surface of the fabric: if the binding is dense, double-sided, it is pashmina.
- Examine the edge of the product: woven by hand, it will not be smooth and perfectly neat. To hide these defects, a thing made of pashmina is decorated at the edges with a fringe and tassels.
- Pashmina absorbs water several times faster than regular wool, but you are unlikely to check this in the store.
- Pay attention to the color: it should not be too bright, because the structure of the fibers prevents the penetration of coloring pigments.
Color and embroidery
The true colors of pashmina are shades of goat's fur: black, white, and gray-brown. Only white fleece is painted. Tinted wool, too, by hand. It is believed that for quality results it is required to dilute natural dyes in water from ice sources.
Embroidery pashmina also applies to time-consuming operations, since thin fabric can be torn. Patterns are made by stretching matter on special frames. The nature of the picture can be any, but the eastern are considered to be traditional "cucumbers".
Studying the question of what kind of fabric is pashmina, it is worth bearing in mind that this word is also used for its products. That is, the phrase "a collection of elegant pashminas" suggests that we are talking about shawls, scarves and stoles.
The standard sizes of gizmos are made of selected wool: a shawl is 200 cm long and 92 cm wide, a scarf is 175 cm long and 31 cm wide, and pashmina-tippet has dimensions of 200 cm by 71 cm.
Versions of pashmina outfits
What is pashmina in your wardrobe, if not a magic wand? Things from this fabric are equally relevant in combination with a cocktail dress and as a detail of a business suit. Prestigious accessories must be properly worn.
1. The easiest way is to wrap your shoulders over a party dress with luxurious fabric.
2. The classic version - a pashmina scarf wrapped around the throat and draped at one end on the back.
3. From the scarf you can build an original jacket, gathering it on the back of your neck, throwing the free end over your shoulder and securing it with a graceful waist strap.
4. Wrapping a shawl or shawl around your neck several times, you will not just warm up, but also create a fabulous feeling of comfort and peace.
5. Pashmina can be knotted in front of a knot or bow to decorate the jumper.
6. And what is pashmina in summer, but an improvised top that can be wrapped around your chest?
7The thin dense scarf with light tassels tied on the head looks spicy.
Dear thing requires a non-standard approach. Here are some tips for properly preserving pashmina products.
- Wash clothes from goat undercoat can be after 7-8 socks and in no case in the car. Too hot water will damage the composition of the pashmina, so its temperature should reach only 25 degrees Celsius. It is also not recommended to use washing powder or soap. For these purposes, it is best to use shampoo, and you can rinse the thing in water with hair conditioner.
- After washing, it is not necessary to squeeze pashmina, especially - to unscrew. Put the product in a terry towel, wrap it in a roll and squeeze the water easily.
- Dry pashmina, spreading out on a horizontal surface, protect from sources of heat and sunlight.
- If you decide to stroke a thing, do it through a calico or cotton cloth with a non-red-hot iron.
- Only a clean thing can be taken away for storage: stale clothes acquire a persistent unpleasant odor and lure a mole.
- It is better to store pashmina in a paper or linen bag, but it is also possible in a plastic bag.Inside put a pill "Antimol". Dried leaves or flowers of geranium, tansy, lavender, mint or wormwood are suitable from natural repellents.
- It is better not to wear pashmina with metal decorations, the sharp elements of which can tear the fabric.
- As with any woolen material, pellets are formed on pashmina. They need to be removed carefully, manually, without using a typewriter, velcro or a razor.
If your favorite thing is stained
It is better to immediately blot the newly planted stain with water, before that, sprinkle it with salt on it. Old stains can be treated with citric acid solution (2 teaspoons per glass of water). If the trace remains from the fruit, do not try to cover it with soap - a stain from it, on the contrary, will be fixed.
Tea mark on pashmina can be rubbed with a swab moistened with a mixture of ammonia (half a teaspoon) and glycerin (2 spoons). Glycerin will help wash away and stains from eggs.
If an ink stain appears on the product, a solution of saline and baking soda will help (1 teaspoon per glass of water).
Fat marks on dark pashmina are removed when ironing with a warm iron through paper napkins laid on both sides of the stain.From the light product spots removed with a mixture of gasoline and burnt magnesia (sold in a pharmacy). The mixture should be smeared with a stain, wait until it dries, and remove with a brush.
Cosmetic stains are easily cleaned with alcohol or gasoline.
Mohair, cashmere, pashmina
What is the difference between similar types of wool? Mohair is called yarn from the hair of the Angora goat with the addition of sheep wool and acrylic, giving the fabric strength and special shine, because of which the mohair is called "diamond fiber". This material is very warm, light and durable, the range of its use is incredibly wide - from scarves and coats to carpets and soft toys.
Cashmere is a matter of goat wool, in its composition there is also a down, and an ostev hair from the fleece of Himalayan cloven-hoofed animals. Cashmere fibers have a thickness of 20 microns. Goats whose wool can be used for making cashmere, as well as for the production of pashmina, are found only in India, Mongolia and Pakistan.
The exclusive fabric from the time of Josephine remains the favorite of the famous and stylish beauties of our time. Actresses Cameron Diaz, Liv Tyler, Carla Bruni, Julia Roberts flaunt things from pashmina, collect them and even give them the pretty nicknames Gwyneth Paltrow, Jennifer Aniston, Angelina Jolie.