What helps "Gastal": instructions for use, description, composition and reviews
What helps "Gastal", many people know. After all, problems with the gastrointestinal tract in patients occur very often. If such a drug is unfamiliar to you, we will tell you about it just below.
Composition, form, packaging, description
What helps Gastal? Before answering this question, it is necessary to find out in what form the given drug goes on sale.
According to the instructions, the medicamentis available as a resorption tablet. They have cherry and mint tastes, as well as white or cream color, round shape with a bevel and a smooth surface.
The active substances of this agent aremagnesium hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide-magnesium carbonate gel. In addition, the composition of the drug includes such auxiliary ingredients as sodium cyclamate, lactose monohydrate, mannitol, sorbitol, sodium saccharinate, corn starch, peppermint peppermint, magnesium stearate and talc.
The drug in question is sold in blisters and cardboard boxes.
Features of the medicinal product
About what helps "Gastal", should knowall patients. This medicine is referred to the group of buffer antacids. It increases the pH of the stomach juice, and also eliminates the unpleasant sensations caused by high acidity in the main digestive organ (heartburn and abdominal pain).
The antacid properties of this remedy are manifested by rapid and prolonged neutralization of the stomach acid (hydrochloric acid). The intake of one tablet is able to neutralize hydrochloric acid.
Properties of the medicine
The drug "Gastal" for heartburn helps very well. This effect is due to its composition.
Magnesium hydroxide aluminum hydroxide gelis a buffer antacid substance that reduces the acidity of gastric juice to a normal level and normalizes the digestive process. It should also be noted that aluminum hydroxide is able to inactivate pepsin, which is contained in gastric juice.
As for magnesium hydroxide, it is an unbuffered antacid. It is not absorbed in the intestine, but very quickly neutralizes acidity, and also has a laxative effect.
According to the instruction, the aluminum hydroxide complexand magnesium hydroxide provides activation of antacid effect and reduces the risk of side effects that are specific for each ingredient individually (for example, diarrhea after using magnesium compounds and constipation after aluminum).
The antacid effect of the agent in question appears almost immediately after taking the drug and lasts for two hours. In this case, the medicine inactivates pepsin, lysolecithin and bile acids.
It should also be noted that aluminum hydroxide enhances the protective and regenerative processes in the stomach.
What helps Gastal?
Asking this question to your doctor, you will receive an answer that the drug in question well relieves of indigestion, as well as pain and discomfort in the stomach.
Will Gastal help with heartburn? And with this condition, the medicine in question is very effective.
So, the indications for taking these tablets are:
- diseases that are characterized by increased acid formation (eg, peptic ulcer, gastritis or reflux esophagitis);
- such dyspeptic manifestations as heartburn, epigastric pain, acidic eructations, discomfort after consuming coffee, alcoholic beverages, nicotine, dietary errors and taking a number of medications.
Does "Gastal" help from nausea? Such a condition eliminates this drug only if it is associated with diseases of the digestive tract.
Now you know that "Gastal" from nausea helps only in special cases. However, before taking this medication, you should know that it has a number of the following contraindications:
- renal failure (severe forms);
- hypersensitivity to compounds of aluminum, magnesium or other constituent components;
- children up to six years;
- Alzheimer's disease;
- diseases associated with impaired lactose metabolism.
It should also be noted that this remedy is cautiously prescribed for chronic kidney failure, children 6-12 years old, adults and adolescents from 12 years old weighing less than 50 kg.
The drug "Gastal": instructions for use
What helps this medicine, we told above.
According to the instruction, the agent in questionis intended for resorption in an amount of 1-2 tablets 4 or 5 times a day after 60 minutes after a meal and before bedtime. The maximum dosage of this drug per day is 8 tablets, and the duration of the intake is not more than two weeks.
With heartburn, this medication should be taken regardless of the meal in similar doses.
Children aged 6-12 years, as well as adultsand to children from 12 years with weight less than 50 kg this medicine should be used in a half dose (from the standard). However, the course of therapy should not be more than two weeks.
People with chronic kidney disease do not need to adjust the dose and multiplicity of the drug.
When taking "Gastal" resorption tablets, patients may experience:
- constipation, discoloration of stool;
- nausea, urticaria;
- diarrhea, itching, vomiting, dermatitis;
- anaphylaxis and angioedema.
As a rule, the use of medicament in the recommended dosages does not cause the above side effects.
With prolonged medication in highdoses in patients can reduce the concentration of phosphorus in the body, increase osteomalacia, the processes of decalcification in bone tissues, as well as hyperaluminia and hypermagnesia.
In people with kidney diseases against the background of using this drug, plasma concentrations of magnesium and aluminum are increasing. Often this leads to the development of dementia and encephalopathy.
The use of this drug in large dosescan cause intestinal obstruction. If after treatment the patient's weight has decreased, there is constant discomfort in the abdomen and swallowing is difficult, then you should immediately contact the doctor.
It is highly not recommended to use the medication in question for more than two weeks without the appointment of a doctor.
Reviews about the drug
In the vast majority of reviews on tabletsGastal is positive. Consumers say that this medicine is good for relieving heartburn and other unpleasant problems that are associated with diseases of the digestive system. The main advantages of this drug are quickness of action, pleasant taste and long-lasting effect.