What is the difference between a diet with kidney disease?
In fact, the kidneys are one of the most important organs of our body, so they should be given special attention. Their main function is to filter the blood and then remove unwanted substances. So, any diseases of this organ can lead to a deterioration of the general condition. Therefore, in no case should you run the primary symptoms. It is not a secret for anyone that a large role in therapy is assigned to such a parameter as the diet for kidney disease. It is about her that we'll talk in this article.
In the medical environment, as well as in nutritional practice, the power supply system for diseaseskidney disease (particularly in renal failure) is called "table number 7". Its main feature is that the amount of extractive substances, which act as irritants, is almost completely excluded.
Diet for kidney disease. Fundamental rules
- Experts strongly recommend limiting protein intake,moreover, the degree of reduction of the content of this substance in food depends solely on the stage of the disease. The fact is that as a result of protein metabolic processes in the body remains such as urea, creatinine, etc. In a healthy person, they are almost instantly excreted in the urine, but in a patient they remain in the body for some time, causing toxic poisoning. Doctors recommend every day to use the order of one gram of protein per kilogram of weight, but when diagnosing renal insufficiency, the amount should be reduced to 20 grams per day.
- It is noteworthy that a diet for kidney disease must necessarilydiffer high calorie (approximately 3500 kcal per day). Salt intake should also be dramatically reduced (maximum 2 grams daily). However, in the presence of high pressure, which in turn is often found, this spice is recommended to be completely excluded from the diet. As is well known, dysfunction of the kidneys leads to a subsequent failure to excrete salts from the body. They gradually accumulate in the blood, which is not very good.Diet for kidney disease also advises and limit potassium, which is contained in bananas and various kinds of dried fruits, as well as phosphorus (nuts, dairy products, cocoa, etc.).
Diet for patients with kidney mandatory recommends completely eliminate from the diet carbonated drinks, coffee, legumes, salting, canned and smoked meats. It is better to replace all the above products with cereals, pasta, potatoes and some other vegetables. An excellent option are fruits and berries, as well as butter. As for drinks, the preference can be given to a variety of broths of rosehips, jelly, green tea and the most ordinary non-carbonated water.