Pelvic ultrasound in women: how is the procedure?
Ultrasound of the pelvis in women is one of the most accessible and effective diagnostic procedures. With the help of ultrasound equipment, it is possible to investigate the condition of organs located in the pelvic area, to determine the presence of disorders or tumors.
Ultrasound of the pelvis in women: when is the procedure needed?
To date, an ultrasound examination is prescribed to the patient in the event that there is a suspicion of the presence of diseases of the pelvic organs. With the help of modern technology, it is possible to quickly and painlessly assess the condition of the uterus and its cervix, bladder, ovaries and fallopian tubes. Ultrasound of the small pelvis during pregnancy is used to monitor the condition and pace of development of the fetus. In addition, the indication for such a study is abdominal pain, bleeding, menstrual disorders, infertility, and a number of other problems. The same technique is used in in vitro fertilization to detect a mature egg.
Transabdominal ultrasound of the pelvic women
Today, there are three main techniques of ultrasound. But most often for this purpose transabdominal technique is used. In this case, the doctor applies on the skin of the abdomen the necessary amount of a special gel that improves conductivity. With the help of a special device (transducer), the doctor examines the organs of the small pelvis, the image of which is displayed directly on the screen. This technology makes it possible to assess the condition and determine the size or the presence of deviations of the reproductive system. But It is worth noting that this technique is effective only when the bladder is as full as possible. Therefore, before the procedure, you must drink at least 5-6 glasses of water. In the extreme case, the fluid can be artificially inserted using a catheter directly into the bladder cavity.
Transvaginal Pelvic Ultrasound
This technique of research requires the use of a narrow transducer, the tip of which is inserted into the vagina. A filled bladder is not required for this procedure. In addition, this technique makes it possible to better examine the organs of the reproductive system.The transvaginal technique is much more effective if you need to examine the body of a woman who is obese. It is used when it is impossible to fill the bladder, as well as in the presence of gas accumulation in the intestine. By the way, if we are talking about the diagnosis of diseases of the reproductive system or infertility, the procedure is usually prescribed on the 5-8th day from the beginning of the menstrual cycle.
Transrectal pelvic ultrasound in women
There is a third method of examination of the small pelvis, which involves the introduction of the transducer into the cavity of the rectum. This technique is used to diagnose prostate diseases and to study the causes of male infertility. However, in some cases, this method is used during a comprehensive examination of the female reproductive system. By the way, before the procedure is to do an enema to clean the intestinal wall.
What to do after the ultrasound?
As a rule, after the study, the specialist issues his results in writing. That they need to show your doctor. It should be understood that in spite of all the information content of ultrasound methods, other studies are also needed to make a definitive diagnosis, including blood and urine tests.