Tracheitis, symptoms of acute and chronic forms of the disease
Tracheitis: symptoms of the acute form of the disease
Against the background of respiratory diseases, acute tracheitis often occurs. It can also be provoked by inhalation of cold or dry air, as well as the presence in it of irritating mucous toxic fumes or harmful gases. Tracheitis, the symptoms of which we consider today, rarely appears by itself. As a rule, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea is one of the manifestations of the flu or, more rarely, a staphylococcal and streptococcal infection. There are two types of the course of this disease: acute and chronic.
This disease manifests itself primarily a painful cough, which becomes especially strong at night and in the morning. The patient may cough up with a deep breath, with laughter and even when changing the position of the body. The force of cough is also influenced by air temperature and its humidity. As a rule, attacks of cough are accompanied by pain behind the sternum or throat and hoarseness (if this disease is accompanied by laryngitis).
Tracheitis: symptoms of the chronic form of the disease
In the absence of a qualified treatment of tracheitis and the patient's predilection for smoking, a chronic form of the disease develops. It can also be provoked by certain diseases of the heart, lungs, or existing inflammations of the nasopharynx. At the same time, the tracheal mucosa often undergoes atrophic or hypertrophic changes. In the lower parts of the sternum pains appear. And coughing episodes become long and can be accompanied by sputum production: both purulent, copious (with swelling and swelling of the tracheal mucosa), and scanty, viscous (with its thinning).
Tracheitis: symptoms in children
In children, the disease is more pronounced. The temperature is usually high (up to 39 ° C), while in adults it is more often subferinal. In connection with the painful sensations behind the sternum, children try to breathe superficially, making their breathing more rapid, and coughing can sometimes be accompanied by vomiting and even loss of consciousness. At the beginning of the disease, both in adults and in children, the cough is dry, “tearing”, and over time, sputum begins to separate, and the pain when coughing subsides.
Tracheitis - Symptoms and Treatment
To diagnose the disease, it is enough to examine the doctor, who, based on the clinical picture revealed during auscultation (listening to the patient), as well as examining the larynx with a laryngoscope, concludes on the treatment tactics of the patient. Be sure to take into account the factors that provoked the development of tracheitis. Identical for all patients are the tips to drink plenty of warm liquid, make sure that the air in the room where the patient is warm and humid (but not in the bath!) And put mustard plums on the chest, which will greatly ease the condition. Along with the treatment prescribed by a doctor, such measures will help to quickly get rid of the disease and prevent its transition to the chronic form.
To prevent tracheitis, the symptoms of which have been described here, it is very important to follow a number of rules. These are: wet cleaning of the premises (so that the air is not dry), airing, obligatory hardening of the body and, of course, the habit of regular walks in the country. Do not overcool, dress for the season, but do not wrap up, because, sweating, it is easier to get sick in the cold air.At the first manifestations of tracheitis, contact the otolaryngologist or pulmonologist for consultation. Be healthy!