The Ural River is a great creation of nature
The Ural River is the greatest naturalthe property of the planet. It is different, many-sided, allowing you to recharge with energy, vitality and just positive emotions. Many tourists come to admire its beauty. The Ural River is navigable. And here is also developed water tourism. This is the third largest river in Europe. The Urals are inferior in extent only to the Volga and the Danube.
Its length is 2,428 kilometers, and the areatotal pool - 231 thousand square kilometers. In the spring, the Urals spread, turning into a huge, full-flowing river, leaving the banks and flooding the lowlands. But in general it can not be called very full.
Its beginning Ural River takes high in the Uralsmountains, or rather, in their southern part. At this point, it is more like a mountain stream with a rapid current and not very large depth (1.5 meters). After descent to the plain, the waters "calm down". The depth of the river in these areas is more significant. In some places the current is a cascade.
Ural is a river, which is vital for many regions and cities. From ancient times people settled on its shores, built cities and settlements.
The Urals flow through the territory of Russia, covering the Orenburg and Chelyabinsk regions, as well as Bashkortostan. Then it enters the territory of Kazakhstan and flows into the Caspian Sea.
The speed of its flow is not the same everywhere. In mountainous areas it has a violent character, and on the plain - measured. The average speed is 4-5 kilometers per hour. The maximum depth of the river is 6-8 meters. In the area of the city of Orsk, its width reaches 60 kilometers, in the Orenburg region - 90-100 kilometers, and near Uralsk - twice as much.
The Ural River freezes around November (independing on weather conditions). In the spring (in April) it is opened. At this time, the Urals are especially severe. It spills several kilometers and floods floodplain forests, coastal willowy trees and numerous old people. Ruins are washed by the waters of the shore, and the current carries away the old trees torn from the roots.
The largest inflow of the Ural River is Sakmara. It stretches for 798 kilometers and has a basin of 30.3 thousand square kilometers. It feeds the Ural River by 40%.
Ilek is another of its tributaries. Its length is 623 kilometers. It carries 2.5 times less water than Sakmara, but nevertheless plays an important role in providing the Urals with water resources.
The Urals has several large tributaries: Kumak, Or and Guberl.
Of the large facilities built on this river,it is possible to single out the Iriklinsky reservoir. This construction contributed to improving the water supply in the Orenburg region and minimizing floods in the territory of Orsk. Then in this area was built Iriklinskaya GRES.
The fauna of this river is very rich. There are a lot of fish here. For example, carp, pike perch, beluga, sturgeon, bream, whitefish, vobla and stellate sturgeon. These fish breeds enter the river at the time of spawning. From permanent inhabitants it is possible to note barbel, pike, chub, carp, carp, bull, burbot and many others. In mountainous areas one can find trout, taimen and grayling.
The Ural River is the property of our country, which must certainly be saved for posterity.