The most famous Soviet intelligence officer - history and interesting facts.
Soviet films about intelligence officers do not convey even half of the atmosphere of that horror and hopelessness that happened on the fronts in the first days of the war. But scouts are people of a special temperament, for them war is their natural habitat. The situation that requires rigidity and uncompromising in the first place in relation to itself. These are people who are able to perform any tasks assigned to them, even when their fellow citizens enjoy the ordinary joys of life, not knowing who they owe it to them.
This article focuses on the Soviet intelligence officer, the hero of many secret operations - Stanislav Alekseevich Vaupshasov.
Little wolf cub
He was born on July 27, 1899 in the Kovno province, in the town of Gruzdzhiai, in the territory of the present Republic of Lithuania. His parents were laborers, so the boy from childhood understood and felt all the injustice of life.At first, his manager molested his sister with “indecent offers” and even tried to influence her through her family. Lyudmila even had to go away from sin to the city.
The next episode from childhood, which forever crashed into the memory of the great Soviet intelligence officer - this is the case in the public school. The Russian Empire with particular zeal tried to Russify the "non-Russian foreigners" in their suburbs. More successful learning of school material was reinforced by slaps and cuffs. But Stanislav was able to stand up for himself since childhood, and once one of the would-be teachers stretched out under the ringing laughter of Lithuanian children. He hit his student in the face, and the answer was not long in coming. Only the desire of the teacher to get an extra 25 rubles for each graduate of the national school saved the young man from expulsion, and Stanislav Vaupshas successfully completed his studies.
Internal protest and thirst for action
Having safely finished the national school, the young man did not want to stay in his native land. Despite the entreaties of his father, he rushed into the city, where, as he thought, he would escape the humiliating fate that his family eke of landless laborers.
He goes to Moscow and gets a job as an excavator, but there is a problem - Stanislav Alekseevich Vaupshas does not have a passport. After addressing the bailiff from the Lefortovo part, he receives it, only with the distorted name of Vaupshas. Under this name, he remembered the story.
Having eaten a working life in tsarist Russia, Stanislav Alekseevich Vaupshasov made his point about the processes taking place in world politics. Once, unable to stand it, at one of the rallies, he and a friend rather peculiarly expressed their protest. The guys just went up to the rostrum, grabbed two speakers, who, in their opinion, blackened the revolution, and threw them into a pit of rubbish. After some simple manipulations with engineers, the future Soviet scout had nothing more to do at the construction site, and he joined the labor movement, believing in his justice. And soon a volunteer went to the Red Army to fight the Poles in the territory of Western Belarus.
Fight White Poles
The territory of the modern Republic of Belarus was divided according to the humiliating Riga Peace Treaty of 1921. Its western part was ceded to Poland, and the new owners predatoryly began to plunder the Belarusian land and its people.
Soviet intelligence officer Vaupshasov Stanislav Alekseevich was abandoned as a member of the group into the occupied territory for reconnaissance and sabotage actions and the establishment of clandestine cells. He owned the Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian languages, had combat experience. Now there was a completely different war. Soviet intelligence officer brilliantly coped with the assigned duties.
He participated in raids on the commandant's office, dealt with the most ardent Polish executioners. His squad tricked, improvised - without this, intelligence was impossible - and was the real headache for the Polish counterintelligence - defensives. One of the most memorable actions, which showed the cowardice of the Polish invaders in all its glory, was the Stolbtsov operation in 1923.
Vaupshasov with his detachment broke into the county town of Stolbtsy and, crushing the guards, freed the prisoners of war who were languishing in Polish dungeons. This event thundered throughout Poland and a little shot down the pride and arrogance of the vaunted Polish warriors.
Great warrior and thinker, so subtly feeling life
Stanislav Alekseevich, as any scout is supposed to be, was an observant man, with a phenomenal memory, able to analyze a huge flow of information that is sensitive to any details.He could talk for hours not only about the war, but also about life and the socio-economic conditions in which ordinary people lived.
Simple Poles and Belarusians are fraternal peoples, which are united by a joint centuries-old history and culture, freedom-loving and the ability to empathize with another's grief, as it is with its own. In his memoirs, Vaupshasov shared his personal interesting observation.
When the civil war broke out in Spain and death, suffering and pain came somewhere far into a strange house, it was the hungry Polish workers and Belarusian peasants who voluntarily took a piece of bread from their children and shared with those who, in their opinion, most needed in the help. It is these people that occupied the leading places in the collection of funds to the Relief Fund of Spain. At the same time, the majority of the population of Western Belarus and Poland eked out a beggarly existence, thanks to the “successful” economic policy of the Polish leadership.
It was for the sake of such simple people that many Soviet soldiers risked and lost their lives.
Soviet intelligence during the Spanish Civil War
On duty, intelligence officers have to get used to different images and live under different names in different countries, sometimes for years.The Spanish Civil War gave invaluable experience to many Soviet intelligence-saboteurs: Starinov, Salnyn, Korzhu, Vaupshasov and many others.
Resistance initially did not attach importance to sabotage methods of struggle deep in the rear of the enemy. But the destruction of the headquarters of the Italian air division near Kordova in 1937, organized by Soviet saboteurs, revealed to many Spaniards the importance of such work.
The Soviet counterintelligence worked perfectly, which inflicted very significant blows to the residency of all states interested in the affairs of the Soviet Union in Spain. There was enough sorrow and sadness for everyone: from the German Abwehr and the British Intelligence Service to the French 2nd Bureau of the General Staff. In a word, the intelligence officers of the Soviet Union successfully worked in almost all directions in Spain.
Major Republican Army Alfred
Stanislav Alekseevich Vaupshasov was also sent on a business trip to Spain. Comrade Alfred — the name of this legendary Soviet intelligence officer — was now called to organize the personal protection of the most important figures in the Republican camp.He selected the 20 best cadets of the special school of the Spanish partisan detachment and resolutely insisted on the observance of all security measures. Soviet intelligence has repeatedly received information that at the highest level in Berlin and Rome, it was decided to eliminate all the charges of Comrade Alfred.
Thanks to competent and timely action, politicians managed to save, but the Republic lost. Stanislav Alekseevich Vaupshasov retreated one of the last of the captured Spanish fascists, taking at the same time the archive.
The scout heroes of the Soviet Union share memories in their memoirs, films are made about them and articles are written. But this is the tip of the iceberg in the history of the “knights of the dagger and cloak.” Methods of preparation, details of operations and even the “natural” course of historical processes will forever be beyond the reach of curious onlookers - for knowledge increases sorrow.
Stanislav Alekseevich Vaupshpasov was privileged to serve in such a structure that not only revealed his full potential and natural inclinations, but also allowed him to live a life full of danger and adventure.Knowing English, Spanish and Swedish, he traveled to China, Spain, Poland, Finland, many other places, and everywhere needed his unique combat experience, the ability to get out of the most difficult collisions. Like any scout who is always in a war, he felt that she would soon break into the Soviet Union.
Soviet intelligence officers of the Great Patriotic War
There are many glorious, tragic and sad episodes in the history of the confrontation of the security services during World War II. In the pursuit of a cheap sensation, accusatory articles are published and facts are skillfully distorted. But there is one extremely important condition that sweeps away the fantasies and the obvious lie of such hunters for sensation and falsifiers: for the successful deployment of the guerrilla war, the general support of the population is necessary.
Vaupshasov, like many other saboteurs, understood: it is motivation that plays not the last violin in the war. The heroic feat of the entire Soviet people was possible only because it was a single impulse to win the Holy War. This helped the Soviet scouts-saboteurs to lift echelons into the air, obtain information and do many other things necessary for victory.
The lack of proper motivation of the “Forest Brothers” helped Vaupshasov and in his native Lithuania to quickly establish order and bring deserved peace to the people.
The war is over, peace has come. But not for Colonel Vaupshasov. Now the enemy was different, and his methods were more sophisticated. To combat this enemy, it was necessary to release a memoir and tell the truth, revealing a lie.
Few people know, but nevertheless it is a fact: it was the Soviet intelligence-saboteurs who saved their long-suffering Motherland from an even more terrible threat than fascism. The Americans did not use nuclear weapons just because someone in the White House and the Pentagon loved their own lives too and was aware of the possible consequences.
In 1954, Vaupshasov was transferred to the reserve, and in 1976 he was gone.