Urinary tract infection. Symptoms, causes, treatment
What is a urinary tract infection?
Symptoms of the disease cause harmful bacteria,which fall into the urinary tract, urethra, bladder or prostate. As a consequence, prostatitis, urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis can develop. The most common disease occurs in older people. In childhood, girls are more likely to have an infection than boys of the same age. Among girls, the peak period is 2 to 3 years, in boys - from birth to six months.
Causes of the disease
The source of infection is intestinalBacteria, which for some reason have fallen into the human genitourinary system. Gastrointestinal bacteria enter the urethra, and through it to other internal organs, begin to multiply and reach the bladder. If there is inflammation of the bladder, then we can talk about cystitis.
Women are more prone to the disease, sincebetween the urethra and the anus, too small a distance, which greatly facilitates the penetration of bacteria, rather than men. That is why the infection of the urinary tract in children is most common, as if the girl is not properly washed, there is a rather high risk of getting bacteria on the urethra.
Urinary tract infection. Symptoms:
- very frequent urge to urinate, even if the amount of urine is only a couple of drops;
- burning pain when urinating in the bladder;
- the emergence of painful symptoms during sexual intercourse, which can also be caused by a disease such as a urinary tract infection;
- Symptoms of infection include turbid urine with a pungent odor, sometimes with the presence of blood;
- painful sensations around the pelvic region;
- stomach ache;
general malaise and weakness;
- with infection of the upper urinary tract can be observed fever, diarrhea, vomiting and nausea.
Diagnosis of the disease "Urinary tract infection"
Symptoms that are characteristic of an infection canto testify about diseases of a different kind, so it is worthwhile to address initially to the therapist, who will already send to a highly specialized specialist. Usually it is a urologist or nephrologist. For the most accurate diagnosis, the patient is given the delivery of urine tests. When infected, the number of bacteria greatly exceeds the norm, sometimes there is an increase in the number of white blood cells, which can speak of a beginning inflammatory process.
But at some stages of the disease, a urinalysis on the bacteria does not show any results confirming the infection, therefore, in parallel to the general analysis, a bacteriological culture of urine is prescribed.
Treatment of urinary tract infection
Based on the results of the tests and after the patient's interviewthe doctor prescribes appropriate treatment for this stage. Usually, hospital stay is not required - and the treatment is done on an outpatient basis. But if there is an infection of the upper urinary tract, which proceeds in severe form or against a background of reduced immunity, the patient is sent for hospitalization.
The main goal of the treatment is to achieve fullemptying the bladder and normalizing the outflow of urine. Antibiotics are prescribed for this purpose. The course with an easier course of the disease lasts up to seven days. In parallel, painful sensations are prescribed painkillers, for example, ibuprofen.
In the case of upper genitourinary tract, the course of treatment, depending on the complexity of the course of the disease, lasts up to two weeks.
Particular attention is paid to the treatment of pregnant women, since with untreated urogenital infection, intrauterine infection of the child can occur, which can lead to negative consequences.