Sao Paulo, Brazil: attractions and photos
Bright and noisy multi-million Sao Paulo, filled with exotic smells, grew up on a plateau among dense tropical forests. Megapolis, nicknamed "South American Chicago", delights with its picturesque nature and architectural heritage. An important business and cultural center of Latin America, even sophisticated travelers baffle a variety of attractions.
São Paulo, which is the capital of the state of the same name, will open a completely different Brazil for holidaymakers. The pronounced business reputation of the metropolis does not mean that tourists will not be interested here.
Some facts about the city
The largest settlement of the South American continent is a green oasis in which even at night life is in full swing. The colorful Sao Paulo in Brazil, located at around 760 meters above sea level, gives the impression of a modern city, although it appeared more than 450 years ago.Lying on a high plateau in the Tiete valley, part of the Serra do Mar mountain system, it crosses the Tropic of Capricorn, one of the main parallels that is marked on Earth maps.
In the main industrial center of the country, covering an area of 1,500 km2It is home to approximately 12 million people.
River turned into a gutter
There are no natural reservoirs, but the city has two reservoirs that are used to generate electricity and preserve fresh water. Now Tiete, sandwiched in concrete shores, has turned into a lifeless ditch, where for many years industrial wastes have been merging. Citizens even call it a black mark on the reputation of the beloved city. To this day, the problem of storm drains that carry debris directly into the water artery, bypassing the sewage treatment plant, the so-called diffuse pollution of the river, has not been solved.
The history of cultural and industrial center
The colorful Sao Paulo (Brazil) was founded in 1554 by Jesuit missionaries who wanted to convert the local population to the Catholic faith. But only after a century and a half, he received city status.
In the XIX century, the settlement begins to flourish. Local planters cultivate cotton, however, only after the plantations were planted with coffee, a noticeable economic growth occurs. This draw immigrants from European countries, attracted by quick wages. Metropolis is recognized as the largest coffee producer in the world. However, at the beginning of the 20th century, due to the economic crisis, revenues from the supply of grains of a tropical plant are declining, and entrepreneurs, the so-called coffee barons, invest their capital in the development of industrial sectors in the region.
Currently, Sao Paulo in Brazil is considered the most important and richest city in the country, which is of great interest to foreign entrepreneurs.
Climate and weather
On the territory of the industrial center of the country, called "the city of drizzling rain", dominates a humid subtropical climate, providing a comfortable temperature.
The weather in Sao Paulo (Brazil) will not disappoint tourists. The average summer temperature, which lasts from December to February, is 35aboutC, and in winter (period from June to August) - 18aboutFROM.
Mixing cultures, styles and customs
There are no kilometers long beaches here, but a wonderful place with an amazing atmosphere pleases with an unusual mixture of styles and cultures. The most multiethnic city in the world, in which representatives of more than 100 ethnic groups live, inspires travelers. It is distinguished by a colossal mixture of races and peoples, religions and customs. In the multinational city of Sao Paulo (Brazil), you can visit several neighborhoods inhabited by people from different countries: Italian, Arabic and Japanese.
Each nation has brought into the colorful appearance of a piece of their culture, and ethnic diversity is a distinctive feature of São Paulo.
City of contrasts
This is indeed a city of contrasts: respectable neighborhoods with modern skyscrapers look strange against the backdrop of squalid slums, where crime flourishes. When immigrants began to come here to earn money, it turned out that there was not enough housing for everyone, and favela grew around Sao Paulo (Brazil) - a chaotic squatter settlement, which is notorious. Despite this, slums are as much a part of urban culture as the main sights of the metropolis.
However, the police are working to ensure that the mini-state, living by its own laws and rules, is safe for tourists who want to see the reverse side of the life of the Brazilian pearl.
Megapolis with a rich past
The characteristic landscape of the metropolis is a cluster of high-rise buildings consisting of concrete and glass, endless traffic jams and rich colors of the city. At first glance, it seems to vacationers that the unofficial capital of Brazil, Sao Paulo, consists only of skyscrapers, which makes it look like Chicago during the Great Depression. However, this impression is very deceptive, and the vibrant metropolis boasts unusual sights that reflect its historical past. The neighborhood of modern and ancient buildings looks very colorful, and such a combination of styles can not be called coarse.
Avenida Paulista - the card of the city
It has everything you need for a memorable holiday. A walk through the capital of the state of the same name will allow you to get closer to the amazing monuments that are a real decoration of the metropolis.It is worth considering that the time in Sao Paulo (Brazil) runs unnoticed, and it is constantly lacking.
The most popular street is Paulista Avenue - a business card and an important thoroughfare of the city. A wide transport artery with a length of almost three kilometers connects the most popular tourist areas. The street that appeared after the expansion of the settlement at the end of the XIX century, the locals are rightly compared to the Champs Elysees in Paris, although today it looks more like Wall Street in New York.
The area along the avenue quickly became the business center of Sao Paulo. The street is incredibly popular not only among businessmen, but also tourists, enthusiastically looking at interesting sights.
Here is an art museum. The building, literally hanging in the air, is surprising visitors. Built in the style of brutalism building area of 10 thousand m2rests on four purple columns. A unique monument of Brazilian architecture, opened to the public in 1967, is famous for its priceless art gallery, which contains about eight thousand exhibits.
Rainforest in the heart of Sao Paulo
Along the avenue, opposite the museum, there is a green oasis - Trianon Park, which appeared on the site of a dense forest. Decorated in the style of European romanticism, the visitor is adored by holidaymakers, many of whom see tropical undergrowth for the first time. A quiet corner, where the birds sing and the fountains murmur, evokes pacifying thoughts and gives positive emotions to adults and children.
Main catholic cathedral
Religious sights of Sao Paulo (Brazil) are of great interest among tourists. The main Catholic cathedral appeared in 1616, when the city was still a small settlement. It was rebuilt several times, and at the beginning of the last century the building was completely destroyed. Famous German architect Hegl was engaged in the development of the project together with the primate of the temple. The modern neo-gothic cathedral received parishioners in 1954.
Here is the underground church with a crypt, where the tombs of the city archbishops are located.
Many tourists who have visited Sao Paulo (Brazil), whose photos make you want to come here as soon as possible, admit that this is a real open-air museum.The treasury, which holds dozens of amazing monuments, is not for nothing recognized as the cultural capital of the country. It is famous for the huge number of thematic museums that are best visited on weekdays in order to avoid long lines.
The oldest museum of the state, whose exhibits will allow you to trace the entire history of the development and formation of the country, was opened in the 70s of the last century. Sergipe (Sergipe) is famous for its collections of priceless works that allow tourists to learn more about Brazil.
The Paulista Museum (Ipiranga) serves as a reminder of an important event when the country declared itself an independent state.
You can not ignore the unique museum of football, the building of which is the old arena. Interactive screens, numerous photos, football paraphernalia - everything is here that will capture the attention of fans from different countries. In addition, each visitor has a unique opportunity to score a virtual goal.
Colorful February Carnival
The main event in the city is the annual carnival - just as entertaining as in Rio de Janeiro. It takes place 40 days before Easter, in February, at the height of the Brazilian summer, as an act of farewell to all earthly pleasures on the eve of fasting. And most tourists rush here at this particular time.Now in Sao Paulo (Brazil) preparations are underway for a large-scale event, which will begin on February 10 and will last 4 days and nights. This is a well-rehearsed procession, where the best students of the samba dance schools take part. Each action is thought out to the smallest detail, music and choreography are prepared, colorful costumes are sewn, and the jury will evaluate numerous teams.
Every year two million people take part in the fun carnival. The march ends with a parade of champions who, following the results of the event, receive good cash prizes.
A huge state in South America is the most football country in the world, and sport is its important area of life. Only here they support their favorite titled teams with their entire families, and popular players share their skills as they drive around the far corners of Brazil.
Football in Sao Paulo is the most favorite sport, and the strongest Corinthians and Palmeiras clubs have gained fame far beyond their hometown. In 1902, it was here that the first football competitions for the title of champion were held. Campeonato Paulista is the most prestigious championship among all the states of the country.And now Paulista provides support for mass football and is responsible for the birth of new talents in Sao Paulo.
The annual official competition, which appeared in 1959, involves professional football clubs of the country. And after 30 years, it was decided to revive the tournament with a new format.
The Brazilians give the championship, which involves dozens of teams, of great importance. This is a very important competition, and its winner gets a ticket to the Cop Copa Libertadores, a football tournament held among the best clubs in South America.
Sports fans are sure to attend the Packambu Stadium, which a museum dedicated to the history of football in Brazil opened ten years ago. Until the end of the 60s, the national team played in the arena, and later, within the City Cup, matches were held between the most eminent teams. In addition, there were music concerts and festivals with famous rock bands.
Russian tourists will be able to visit the charming Sao Paulo (Brazil), whose photo is forced to drop everything and be sure to get acquainted with the colorful metropolis, without losing time on trips to the consulate. Now Russians are allowed to enter the country even without a visa for a period not exceeding 90 days.
The tourism industry is one of the main revenue items of the city, whose authorities care about its development. Every year new hotels are opened, picturesque parks are broken, colorful festivals and carnival are held.