Roman Alexandre Dumas "The Count of Monte Cristo": summary, theme, characters
The novel "The Count of Monte Cristo" is a work about the unlimited possibilities of man. This is also a book about revenge. In the work on the work of the writer relied on the information of the Paris police. But thanks to Dumas, this chronicle acquired not only brilliance, but also a different attitude to vendetta itself. Summary of the "Count of Monte Cristo", read the article.
Before we begin to retell the summary of the "Count of Monte Cristo", let us tell a little background. In 1842, Alexander Dumas went on a cruise in the Mediterranean. When he was in Florence, one of Napoleon’s brothers, Jerome, instructed his 18-year-old son to accompany the writer. Together they were going to visit the island of Elba, where the emperor died.
On the island, the travelers saw the sights,which were associated with the stay in this area of the great French autocrat. After that, they decided to make a short trip to the nearest island. They were going to hunt there, but this occupation was unsuccessful. But one of the local residents, who agreed to be their guide, recommended them to pay attention to a small island nearby. He was called Monte Cristo. The writer was told that, according to legend, countless treasures are buried here.
The story itself and the name really liked the prose writer. And he vowedly promised to a relative of Jerome that sometime in memory of this voyage he would surely write a novel, which would be called none other than “Monte Cristo”.
After some time, the author of "Count Monte Cristo" came across the memoirs of a certain official Pesce. This six-volume book was called “Police without masks” and was based on the documents of the relevant department. At one time, the direct author participated in the events of the eighteenth century French Revolution. He studied French court practice very seriously and was even a lawyer.In addition, he edited one of the famous publications and published his work on Mirabeau. He also worked at the Ministry of Police and was the head of the bureau for the investigation of cases involving immigrants and conspirators. After that, he worked as an archivist for the Metropolitan Police. It was then that he wrote his memoirs, in which he narrated a number of court cases of that time.
In this case, Pesce bequeathed to publish this opus only after his death. And when the author was gone, the publishing house published this colossal work. And Dumas was his reader. One story, called "The Diamond and Vengeance", captivated the writer. The plot of the novel unfolded in the era of Napoleon.
Rich and unhappy shoemaker
In 1807, in the French capital, lived a shoemaker named Pico. The young man had a rather rich bride. Her name was Margaret Vigo.
During one of the carnivals, the happy bridegroom went to a Parisian tavern, which was owned by his friend Luppian. Picot told him about his quick wedding and the wealth of the bride.
Luppian was not only an envious man. He himself was secretly in love with Margaret. And so he decided to interfere with the marriage.
When Pico left, Luppian decided to play a trick on his friend. He, along with the direct witnesses of the shoemaker's story, including a certain Antoine Allue, wrote a denunciation stating that Pico was an English spy. In addition, he conspired. His goal is to return the representative of the Bourbon dynasty to the throne.
As a result, three days before the long-awaited wedding, the unhappy shoemaker was arrested. Pico and Margaret were in utter despair. There were no other details at all. Pico just disappeared.
As it turned out, the young man was imprisoned in the castle of Fenestrel. In prison, he became acquainted with an old and sickly sick priest from Italy. Picot in every way cared for him. Before his death, he admitted that he was the owner of enormous treasures. It was about 8 million francs, which are invested in movable property, 2 million in valuables, as well as 3 million gold. This wealth was hidden in one of the hiding places. And when the prelate was gone, Pico became the heir to the treasure.
In the meantime, the great French emperor was overthrown. On the throne again took the Bourbons. And for the prisoner Fenestrel, who was at the time in the castle for seven years, it meant a long-awaited freedom.
Of course, when Pico escaped from imprisonment, the first thing he found was the treasure of the late priest and became the sole possessor of wealth. And then he began to realize his plan. He wanted to find a former bride and take revenge on those who were responsible for his arrest.
Under the pseudonym, he was in his hometown. As it became known, the beloved shoemaker waited for him for two years. But then she got married anyway. Her chosen one was Luppian. That is, the man who became the main culprit of Pico's misfortunes.
While the prisoner was in the dungeon, Margaret had children. And her husband generally became the owner of a chic and prestigious restaurant.
When the situation with the arrest finally cleared up, Picot began to severely avenge his enemies. He killed all the scammers, except Ally. The fact is that he already understood who liquidated his friends. That is why, wanting to stay alive, he shot Pico. And to avoid French justice, he hid on the shores of Great Britain.
A few years later, in 1828, Ally decided to confess before he died. A cleric recorded his story. Soon she received wide publicity.Pesce's archivist, who was mentioned just above, also learned about it.
Characters and Prototypes
When the author of "Count Monte Cristo" read Pesce's story about a shoemaker, he gradually began working on a new work. Of course, this story has greatly transformed over time and has acquired completely new details and characters. Unchanged was, in fact, only the name of the work. The author promised his son Jerome to perpetuate this place!
The main theme of the "Count of Monte Cristo" was, of course, revenge. A person should know that sooner or later he will pay for his unseemly deeds.
By and large, Dumas himself was perfectly aware of what vile lie and slander are. He, to put it mildly, did not like journalists who worked in the "yellow" editions. He hated fraudsters and did not tolerate crooks who grew rich in colonial expeditions.
By and large, on the pages of his works he always tried to settle scores with them. He himself made his story. In the novel, the author decided to make the main character a sailor. He also settled it in beautiful Marseilles. But all in order.
Let's start retelling the summary of the "Count of Monte Cristo."So, the shoemaker's story took place during the time of the Napoleonic empire. The main characters of the "Count of Monte Cristo" lived in the era of the Restoration and the July monarchy.
The central figure of the work was the assistant captain of one of the ships, E. Dantès. The immediate prototype was Pico. Thanks to the writer's imagination, the shoemaker became a nobleman. In addition, he decided to take the name of the island of Monte Cristo.
Margaret turned into a Mercedes Herrera. She sincerely loved Dantes, but could not wait for her lover. Especially Mercedes Herrera believed in his death. This was reported to her in love with her Fernand.
In turn, this character hides Luppian, the culprit of the tragedy of the shoemaker Pico. It was Fernand Mondego who decided to betray Edmond.
Danglars - fictional figure. He is a colleague of Dantes. He became the immediate initiator of the creation of a denunciation of him. Anticipating the course of events, we will inform you that he became the first and the last person whom the Count of Monte Cristo subsequently forgave.
The denunciation itself was written by Cadrouss under the dictation of Danglars He was a neighbor of the future prisoner If and worked as a tailor. By and large, this man could save his friendbut he decided to keep a cowardly silence.
Another culprit in the tragedy of Edmond Dantes was Villefort. In the novel, he worked as an assistant to the royal prosecutor. It was he who, for the sake of his career, decided to send Edmond Dantes, without trial, to imprisonment, in the castle of If.
One of the main figures in the narrative is also Haide. She was a slave of Monte Cristo. At the same time she had her own bills with Fernan.
An important character in the novel is Abbot Faria. In fact, for Edmond, he was the second father. He is a neighbor in the cell. By and large, he was able to teach him literally everything. It was he who bequeathed Dantes his colossal treasures. By the way, this priest is more than a real figure ...
In fact, Abbot Faria once existed. He was born in Goa in the middle of the 18th century and came from a noble family. His ancestors belonged to the Brahmin caste. The father of the future abbot decided to change his faith and converted to Catholicism. When Faria was at a young age, he moved to the Apennine peninsula. It was there, in Italy, that he managed to get a decent education. He became a doctor of theology. In addition, there is information that Faria studied and the doctor.In any case, he literally perfectly knew the technique of hypnosis, and at one time even published a scientific work on this subject.
Having received education, the young man went to Portugal. He became the priest of the royal church. However, he soon left Lisbon. The fact is that he took part in the conspiracy. His goal - the acquisition of a colony of Goa independence from the Portuguese authorities.
Abbot Faria arrived in France. Here he continued to engage in church activities.
After a while, his business went bad again. He again found himself in opposition to the authorities and ended up in Bastille. He stayed there for several months, because France was stirred up by the revolution. Faria accepted and supported her.
Then he began teaching at the academy in Marseilles. That is, in the city where the main characters of the "Count of Monte Cristo" lived. A little later, a new organization was created in the French capital that preached social equality. And Faria led this society.
Of course, the abbot was once again arrested. And later he was a prisoner of the castle of If. He died there. As the character of the brilliant Dumas.
The plot outline of the novel
In the first chapters of the bestseller Dumas "The Count of Monte-Cristo" the main character arrived in Marseille on the ship "Pharaoh". He was successful. And he knew that he would soon become the captain of this ship. And this means that his material well-being will increase significantly.
In addition, he was sincerely happy, because a bride named Mercedes and an elderly father are waiting for him.
But the happiness of the future captain interfere with Danglars and Fernand. The first served as an accountant in the shipping company. This company also owned the ship "Pharaoh". Dantes himself felt that the accountant was a fraud. But, unfortunately, did not have time to bring it to clean water. As for Fernand, he was in love with Edmond's bride. As a result, these people decided to slander the young man. They compiled a denunciation in which Dantes was declared an agent of Bonapartists. In addition, he allegedly intended to commit an anti-government conspiracy. Directly wrote this libel Cadrouss, who was a neighbor of the new captain.
As a result, Edmond was arrested on the eve of the wedding. And after some time, the prosecutor Villefort ordered that he, as a dangerous enemy of the state, be imprisoned in the Chateau d'If, on the cliff of Monte Cristo.
In captivity, the protagonist met exactly with the abbot Faria. It was he who told him about his colossal wealth, which is hidden on this island. The unfortunate prisoners began to prepare an escape. But the priest died. Fourteen years later, Dantes managed to escape from the castle. He found the Abbé treasure and returned to his homeland. He called himself the rich earl of Monte Cristo.
First of all, he himself began his own investigation. The truth was told to him by his neighbor Cadrouss. He learned that his former bride is now the wife of Fernand. That, in turn, got rich when there was a war in the East. In addition, he became a count. Accountant ship company Danglars turned into a banker. On his account lay millions.
After this, Dantes began to realize his plan for revenge. In this endeavor, he was helped by his slave, Gaida, as discussed above.
Edmond, like a count, again met his offenders. After some time, he brought out her husband Mercedes Fernand. He was dishonored. The former bride with children left him, and he himself decided to commit suicide.
As for the banker Danglars, because of the machinations he became a beggar. He was forced to flee from France.Kadrusse, as previously said, Dantes spared.
In the finale of the novel, Monte Cristo says goodbye to his homeland and sets sail in the hope of finding true happiness. Apparently, he will help him in this guide.
Roman A. Dumas "The Count of Monte-Cristo" first began to be published in a newspaper in Paris. And this process lasted a year and a half.
As a result, the success of the work at times surpassed all previous books of the prose writer. Moreover, no one of the French writers of that era had such a triumph.
The directors of theaters literally began to put on their own performances based on the book The Count of Monte Cristo. As a result, the writer earned a lot on "Dantes". True, he literally immediately began to spend this money vigorously.
He was able to build a house, and then, a little later, built a suburban villa. This palace he called "the castle of Monte Cristo." Contemporaries said that this building, in fact, is one of the most wonderful madnesses that the great writer has ever done. He also in this area created a wonderful English park with drawbridges, lawns and waterfalls.
By the way, this villa is still preserved.
Continuation of the novel about the graph
Many fans of Dumas believe that after the triumph of the author began to write again about the adventures of the count. They say that in his archive after his death, handwritten versions of the continuation of the novel "The Count of Monte Cristo" were found. But this is not true. The writer never took it. Judging by the description of the events and the style of writing, Dumas could not have written such works.
One of these hoaxes is a book called “Last Payment”. It was viewed as a continuation of the book "The Count of Monte Cristo." In the plot outline of the works Dantes visited the Russian capital. And after this visit, the count began to pursue a certain avenger. He believed that the killer of great Pushkin and Monte Cristo are relatives. The book was published in 1990 in the Soviet Union. Note that it has never been published again. At the moment, it is proved that this witty novel, in fact, cannot belong to the pen of a French prose writer.
Nevertheless, the famous science fiction writer Jules Verne composed his next book in 1885. He called her "Matias Shandor". The writer admitted that his work is a response to the novel by Dumas. True, if Dantes was an unhappy man who was set up by his "acquaintances", then Sandor was a revolutionary who sought to overthrow the power in Austria-Hungary.By the way, many believe that this creation surpassed the novel about the Marseille captain.
No less interesting continuation of the graph is the Hollywood film "The Son of Monte Cristo." She was released in the 1940th. In the story, Napoleon III is trying to establish his dictatorship in one of the territories under his jurisdiction. He turns to the son of Dantes, who by then had become a famous banker. But he refused the proposal and led the liberation movement against the autocrat.
Science Fiction A. Bester also turned to the novel "The Count of Monte Cristo," a summary of which you already know. In his book “Tiger! Tiger! ”He tells about a certain worker who was left in a destroyed spacecraft. Naturally, the unfortunate swore that he would take revenge on those who abandoned him. The work was published in 1956.
Another writer from Germany A. Mutzelburg also created his sequel. In this novel, readers once again met with the main characters of Dumas. He not only described their fate, but also added new characters. They were the ones who visited the American West, the African continent and other European countries.
In the 2000s, there was also a Japanese anime series.He was called "the ruler of the cave." In the picture, the motives of the plot of the book "The Count of Monte Cristo" were used.
At the same time, the Russian television series Graf Krestovsky was filmed. In the tape, the history of Dantes in the Soviet Union of the 1980s was played up.
And the last. In 2006, the German rock band Vanden Plas released a record called Christ 0. In this release, the musicians used a modernized version of the story of Monte Cristo.
The best film adaptation of the "Count of Monte Cristo"
The novel itself Dumas repeatedly filmed.
One of the best in this regard is the French film, in which the main role played by Jean Marais. The tape was released in 1954. The French managed to fit almost the entire story of Monte Cristo. The only drawback was the lack of Danglars in the tape.
In 1988, the well-known director G. Yungvald-Khilkevich, who was already famous for his adaptation of The Three Musketeers by Dumas, removed his version of the best-selling French writer. This work was called "Prisoner of the Castle of If." And Dantes was mainly played by the late V. Avilov. The role of the young Edmond played E. Dvorzhetsky.
After a decade, the French decided to return to the film adaptation of the "Count of Monte Cristo." They shot a new serial.Gerard Depardieu and Ornella Muti took part in the project.
Well, in 2002, came out and the American picture. The director was K. Reynolds. And the main roles were played by D. Caviesel and G. Pierce. They say this film is absurd. So, in one of the scenes, the count descended to the ball in a balloon. And in the final he bought the castle of If and began to live there.
In Marseille, there are three streets associated with the characters of the immortal creation of Dumas. One of them bears the name of Abbe Faria. Others - Dantes and, in fact, the count.
In addition, in the same port city, one of the highways is named after the writer.
Also holds the mark and castle of If - the “southern Bastille”. At the moment, this territory is, in fact, an absolutely harmless place. Over the past four decades, the building is protected as a historical monument. Tourists constantly come to the fortress. They look with interest at the plates on the doors of the casemates, which say that Abbot Faria and Dantes, the future Count of Monte Cristo, were kept there.