Republic of the Congo - State in Central Africa
The state of the Congo is located in Central Africa, during its short history of independence, it managed to change its name, several times the state symbols as a result of the change of state system.
Republic of the Congo
The history of the Congo begins in ancient times where in the 6th century the first settlements appeared on the modern territory of the state. It was a Bantu tribe, whose descendants live today.
In the 15th century, the Portuguese became the owners of the territory, who sold slaves on the plantation, and in the 19th century, the French took over the territory and founded the capital of the country, Brazzaville. Only in 1960 the Republic of the Congo declared itself an independent state.
Until 1997, the country had a different name - Zaire. Several times the head of government was overthrown, chose the direction of building a socialist and communist state. Only in 1992, free elections were held for the first time, and in 5 years some macroeconomic successes were achieved.However, conflicts began again in the country, which led to the Civil War in 1997 among supporters of Lissouba and Sassou Nguesso. In the end, Sassou Nguesso won the race, who has been ruling the country since 2001.
Population, economy, culture and religion
The Republic of the Congo is a small country with about 4 million people. Most of the population are urban residents, but the country is in the first place, where more than 75% of people are hungry.
Congo is a multinational country, where such peoples as Congo are represented - 48%, as well as Sanga, Teke, Mboshi, there are also Europeans, Arabs and Asians, but not more than 3%. French is considered the official language in the country, although local languages are used for everyday communication. Religion among the population was divided into 2 camps, half professing Christianity, and half - various traditional African cults.
Most people work in agriculture where they grow corn, rice, peanuts and vegetables, cocoa and coffee. However, the main thing for the country is the extraction and export of oil, the production of sugar, oil, as well as cement and timber. Everything is mainly exported, where the main buyers are the USA, China and France.
The Republic of the Congo cannot imagine famous poets, musicians or artists, but the culture of the local peoples is rich and original. However, such concepts as literature or painting, appeared here only in the second half of the 20th century, and in 1966 a national ballet appeared, which specializes in traditional dances.
Capital of the Republic of Congo
Brazzaville is the capital, where 1.5 million people live, which is about 1/3 of the total population, or 40%.
The city, founded in 1880 by the French, is located on the banks of the Congo River, where most of it is employed in industry - mechanical engineering, textile and leather industry. Brazzaville is an important port city, connected by ferry to Kinshasa and Bangui.
Brazzaville is considered a cultural center, there is the largest number of schools and colleges, the institute, the national museum and theater, as well as the mausoleum of the founder of the city.
Interesting fact about the capital: Brazzaville is located opposite the other city - the capital of Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, not to be confused with the Republic of the Congo) - this is the only place where the two capitals are within sight.
United cities and villages (except Brazzaville) is a province in the Republic of the Congo, all of which are divided into 12 departments.
Since 2004, Puent-Noir, the main seaport on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, through which almost the entire trade turnover passes, is considered a separate department since 2004, with several million tons of cargo passing through the year. The country's economy depends on the city’s economy, because it houses one of the largest oil refineries in Africa. The shipbuilding and fishing industries, as well as the sawing, chemical and footwear industries are developed.
Another large city (the third largest) is considered to be Loubomo, where 83 thousand people live. The city was founded in 1934 as a railway station, thanks to the availability of railway transport, it developed rapidly and for several decades it almost tripled. The basis of the city's economy is the forest industry, or rather, the manufacture of plywood and logging. Also, the population is employed in the food industry and non-ferrous metallurgy.