Raspberry tree: planting and care
The raspberry tree of Tarusa is a standard variety of large-fruited raspberries, bred in 1987 by V. Kichina, a professor at the Moscow Institute of Horticulture. Due to the highly thickened hard sprout raspberries, Tarusa resembles a small tree up to two meters high.
Raspberry tree is the name of the planting method. But varieties of raspberry have many names, for example, variety Tarusa. The branches of this tree are linked to each other, so during growth they do not branch and do not form unnecessary growth. Shoots during flowering have a bright green color, and at rest - brown.
The tree is covered with leaves with jagged edges and a terry coating on the surface. Leaflets at the top are omitted. Fruit branches, located close to one another, form a crown, as in ordinary trees. On each branch with 2-3 branches grows 20-30 oblong-shaped berries. The fruits of the raspberry tree Tarusa are large, juicy, fragrant and weigh up to 16 grams each. Blooming crimson tree bright red flowers.This is truly a beautiful sight.
The benefits of raspberry tree varieties Tarus
- Raspberry is unpretentious for planting - there is no need to attach to the trellis, as Tarusa refers to the standard grades.
- It has a high yield, which increases over the years.
- Does not require cutting of shoots.
- Resistant to disease and pest damage. Even if the tree itself is damaged by some kind of infection, it will not affect its fruiting and yields will not decrease.
- Tarusa fruits all summer without fail, from the beginning of July to the end of August.
Site selection and soil preparation for planting raspberry Tarusa
If you decide for a long time and seriously engage in the cultivation of a raspberry tree and opted for the Tarusa variety, then the best place for its growth will be a flat, protected from the wind, well-lit part of the garden.
Snow should accumulate in abundance. In the selected area should not be old raspberries. You can not plant and grow this berry between other trees, where it will not receive enough light and nutrients.
If the site is flooded with water, dig shallow channels for its withdrawal.The level of the site still needs to be raised, using bulk soil for this. For good plant growth and high yields in the future, sow the area set aside for planting raspberries, legumes, rapeseed or mustard.
The soil under the raspberries choose loose, rich in valuable nutrients, moderately moisturized. Strongly oxidized soil for the year before planting lime per 300–500 grams of lime per square meter of land.
How to plant a tree Tarusa
Experts recommend planting large-fruited raspberries in the garden. Raspberry tree, the reproduction of which occurs seedlings, planted as follows:
- On the plot, determine the rows, the distance between which should be 170 cm.
- Dig holes 30 cm deep and place seedlings one or two in each well.
- Pre-add one tablespoon of nitroammofoski and mix well with the earth right in the hole.
- Sprinkle the seedling with earth, deepening the root neck by 2-3 cm.
- Next, cut off the shoots so that 25-30 cm above the ground remains.
- Around the bush ground mulch, putting a small layer of humus.
- And at the end of planting, water each seedling with water at the rate of 5 liters per well.
The raspberry tree, which is planted and cared for both in autumn and spring, is planted under a shovel. When you dig up seedlings, you immediately need to remove all the leaves and shorten the planting material to 70 cm in height.
The best time for planting saplings of a raspberry tree Tarusa in the fall is the first decade of October, and in the spring - the beginning of March - the end of April. Do not buy seedlings with leaves and dug in advance. They are poorly taken root, they may die at all.
Raspberries are usually planted for a long time, ten years or more. But with good and proper care a raspberry tree can not reduce the yield for twenty years.
Raspberry tree care
On how correct and timely care will receive raspberry varieties Tarusa, depends on its yield. Care involves feeding, watering, pruning and hiding.
The raspberry tree of Tarusa is responsive to fertilizing with manure and other fertilizers. In the spring, before the flowering of the tree and after it, feed the infusion of mullein or a liquid solution of complex fertilizers.In the fall, feed each tree with raspberry manure, evenly distributing it on the surface of the earth. Sprinkle manure on top with sawdust.
Instead of manure, you can take peat mixed with urea or saltpeter. In the spring, do not use mineral nitrogen fertilizers, otherwise the shoots of substitution will be weak or not grow at all. It is better to feed the soil with them in the fall, in the middle of October.
Raspberry tree, planting and caring for which involve not only feeding the plant, but also watering it, likes moist soil. Therefore, it should always be watered: during planting of seedlings, in the spring before flowering, during drought, in the autumn during the period of fruit ripening. The lack of moisture will have a detrimental effect on fruiting, and you can not wait for a high yield.
Raspberry tree - winter-hardy plant, can withstand temperatures up to thirty degrees. But if a raspberry tree grows in areas with a more severe climate, the shoots are bent to the ground should be covered with snow. They need to bend down at the end of September, at the end of fruiting, when they are still well bent. At this time of the year, there are a lot of green foliage on the raspberry branches, let it not frighten you.
Shaping and trimming the Tarusa tree
A raspberry tree of Tarusa is formed by double trimming. The first time the shoots are pinned in May in the year of planting, when their height reaches 60 cm. The stems need to be shortened by 5-10 cm. Thanks to this procedure, the buds of the upper leaflets will begin to awaken. And in the fall side shoots will grow on the sprout.
The second pinching is done next spring, but the lateral growths are pinched. When frosts occur, immediately trim the branches, otherwise the shoots will not ripen by the fall. Thus, by pinching the twigs at your discretion, you yourself form the tree of the desired shape. After the second pinching, many fruit-bearing branches appear on the stem, from which you can harvest a rich harvest in the fall.
Useful properties of raspberry
Raspberry tree, the photo of which is presented in the article, gives tasty, fragrant and very useful fruits. They have a large set of healing properties and are widely used in traditional medicine. The berry is rich in organic acids, minerals and tannins, essential oils, glucose and fructose.
Traditionally, the fruits, leaves and flowers of crimson trees are used for colds, flu, for the treatment of pain in the joints and back.Raspberry helps to cope with fever and neurological diseases, has antipyretic, hemostatic and antitoxic properties. It has a tonic effect on the skin of the face, normalizes blood pressure.
Raspberry leaves contain stimulating intestinal wall substances. These berries are always present in the diet of pregnant women, since the folic acid they contain is necessary for the formation of the fetus. Raspberries, unlike other berries, do not lose their beneficial properties during and after heat treatment.
Storage of raspberry Tarusa and its preparation
Raspberry Tarusa has many useful properties. Raspberry tree brings fruits suitable for harvesting and long-term storage.
- The easiest way to harvest berries for the winter is drying. To do this, hold the berries for some time in the sun, and then dry them in the oven. If the raspberry is dried properly, then its berries will have a gray-raspberry color and aroma of fresh fruit.
- Excellent preserved frozen raspberries. All useful substances are stored in it, in this form it can be stored for a long time.
- The most common way to store raspberries is jam. Berry is good in compotes, jams, jam.
- Useful properties are also preserved in a berry ground with sugar. Such raspberries should be stored in the refrigerator or cellar.