Predatory plant sundew
The sundew plant is one of the most common and popular insectivorous carnivorous plants on the planet. It is very simple and undemanding in care.
It belongs to the Rosyanka family. If we talk about where the sundew grows, it is worth noting that it can be found on sandstones, swamps, in the mountains - on almost any soil. It is distributed on many continents, in addition to the Arctic.
The sundew has a small stem consisting of a rosette of leaves and flower arrows pressed to the ground. The leaves on the upper side are glands of reddish hue with a rather viscous mucus. Small insects, sitting on a leaf of this plant, are enveloped in mucus, after which the sundew eats its prey. The flower itself is quite small, delicate white hue.
In August, the fruits of this plant. They open on three doors. At the same time in every fruit there are fusiform small seeds. The sundew plant can multiply by self-sowing. Seeds are scattered on the soil, and after a year germinate.
There are more than one hundred species of this amazing plant. It can be of different colors, shapes and sizes. Although they have one characteristic feature - a large number of very sticky hairs, with which they catch insects. The sundew, feeling the movement of an insect stuck to it, twists the leaves, wrapping the victim inward to digest it. Thus, it receives nitrogen, as well as nutrients. It is worth noting that the soil where the sundew grows is poor. In this case, the digestion of the victim occurs within a few days. As soon as the process is completed, the sheet unfolds again.
Location and lighting
It is advisable to place the sundew in a bottle glass garden or terrarium, where a warm microclimate and high humidity are maintained all the time.
This is a photophilous plant, although you should avoid the direct rays of the sun. Under natural conditions, it is illuminated by the sun's rays for a very short period of time, the main part of the day it is in the shade of grasses and trees.
The sundew plant will feel good on the windowsill, well lit in the morning. At the same time you need to monitor the amount of time during which it receives light. In the summer for her sunny day should last about 14 hours, and in the winter - no more than eight.
In addition, it can be grown under the lamps, while they must be bright in order for the plant to provide a large amount of light and heat.
You can still keep it outside, but only if natural conditions allow you to do this.
In summer, the optimum temperature for a plant is 30 ° C, while in winter - 15 ° C. For North American and European species, the temperature in summer is about 20 ° C, in winter - 12 ° C. In addition, warm winter is destructive for the plant.
Predatory plant sundew loves moisture. The air humidity necessary for it is about 70%. She needs regular spraying. In addition, the lid of the terrarium can be kept open, but care must be taken that the moss covering the ground on which it grows is always wet.
Do not forget to use exactly the moss-sphagnum to retain moisture in the soil.
Since the leaves of the flower are very sensitive, they can dry out in the dry atmosphere of the living room. A large number of droplets on the leaves speaks of her beautiful state of health.
To the sundew (parasitic plant) received the necessary amount of nitrogen, as well as various nutrients, it must be fed.It can grow without insect feeding, only in this case it will do so inactively and slowly.
For her, several large flies a week will suffice. If she cannot provide herself with black flies, flies and other insects, she needs help. But first make sure that the leaves are wet. If you find that they have begun to dry, sprinkle them with water.
The plant sundew in food is not pereborochno, dried flies from the usual pet store will also like the flower. It is necessary to ensure that live insects are not too large, otherwise they can break a leaf or run away.
And the main rule in feeding this amazing plant - do not give it raw meat, because it can kill it.
It is necessary that watering was abundant, should not dry earthen room. In winter, the plant needs less water, although the soil should not dry out completely. It is necessary to water with soft water, rain or distilled water. Water must always remain in the pan.
Do not forget that in natural conditions it lives exclusively in poor soils, in which there is insufficient acidity.Due to this, it is destructive landing in the ground. Despite the fact that the sundew belongs to the parasitic plants, it is very sensitive to the changing conditions of its growth. The optimal soil will be a mixture of their peat, sand and peat-moss. Moss perfectly retains and absorbs moisture, and sand does not contain mineral salts, so the plant will not be harmed.
In winter, the insectivorous plant sundew falls into peace. This period usually lasts from November to the end of winter. In general, some leaves of her die off during hibernation, she stops growing, the leaves are not so sticky.
The plant at this time will also need refreshment and watering, but to a lesser extent.
The sundew (flycatcher) mostly blooms all spring. Its flowers are placed high above the leaves. Thus, insects pollinating a flower do not fall into sticky traps. Although, of course, nothing can guarantee that the random bee will not be trapped after it has finished pollinating the plant.
The plant spends a huge amount of energy on growth, so at this time the leaves grow slowly.
The plant multiplies by dividing the bush, seeds and leaf cuttings in the greenhouse.
If you keep it on the street, it can pollinate naturally. Another thing in the room. It is then necessary to pollinate it alone, while gently rubbing the flowers together. After a month, you can cut off the seed boxes and plant them in the prepared mixture. Shoots will appear from the seeds very soon, and in 6 months you will have rather large bushes grown from seeds collected personally.
In addition, it propagates by cuttings. They take root with speed and ease.
You can also propagate the sundew by dividing the bush. In this case, you need to take a container with a lid and a clean blade. From the plant, cut off a small part of the root, which can then be divided into 2 parts. The cut must be spread with activated charcoal. It is necessary to place part of the root in a cup with soil and cover with a lid. After 15 days there will be an escape, it can already be planted in the ground at a permanent place.
Diseases and pests
She may have diseases in high humidity due to the mold formation of her prey. It is necessary to watch this carefully - the plants do not tolerate fungicides.
Even sundews are sick because of too many nutrients, so you should not feed them fertilizers.
Now let's find out why sundew refers to plants. Its leaves are rich in tannins, ascorbic acid, calcium, fluoroquinols and potassium. It has excellent expectorant properties, therefore, it is used for colds and coughs. In addition, the plant is used to create drugs that have antipyretic, antibacterial and diuretic properties.
Preparations from it are effective in treating respiratory diseases, including bronchitis, whooping cough, tracheitis, or laryngitis. Rosyanka tincture is used for many ailments. In addition, it is used in the treatment of diseases of the digestive tract. It helps reduce asthma attacks.
Sundew in folk medicine has been successfully and widely used since ancient times. It perfectly helps with colds, bronchitis, atherosclerosis and tuberculosis. In addition, it can treat headaches, epilepsy and candidiasis. Juice of sundews when applied externally is good for the extermination of warts and papillomas.
It is necessary to fill in 10 g of dry grass of sundew ½ cup of alcohol. Remove to a dark place for 10 days. The finished product must be filtered, and then taken as follows:
- 15 drops for adults;
- 10 drops for children.
Children can drink it a maximum of 4 times a day, adults can use it 5 times. Before use, dissolve it in a glass of water.
Infusion of the roots in bronchial asthma
This effective remedy can be used by both children and adults. To do this, 1 spoonful of a mixture of herbs and roots of this plant, pour a glass of hot water and leave to infuse for 1 hour. Straining the resulting infusion, it can be taken before meals 3 times a day.
Tea from the sundew
To make tea from this plant, you need to take 1 spoon of herbs, then pour it with a glass of hot water. Leave for ten minutes. Next, the tea must be filtered and take in small sips 2 cups per day.
As you understood from the review, even such a dangerous plant as a sundew can benefit a person. The main thing is to understand how to handle it.