Population of Morocco: features, numbers, employment and interesting facts
The versatility of a country with a historymostly on the centuries-old confrontation of the indigenous population - the Berbers - and the conquerors, is reflected in the inhabitants of Morocco. A monotonous religious composition, but the language difference is represented by the population of Morocco. In addition, the territory is inhabited unevenly, which only contributes to the diversity of the population.
Brief history of the country
The state gained independence only in the secondhalf of the twentieth century. Until 1956, Morocco was under the rule of Spain, then France, it was part of several Arab states. On these lands at different times there were states of almoravids, almochads, alauts, idrisids, rulers of the dynasty of Marinids and Vattasids, Saadis.
In the Ancient era, the coast was importanta staging post and a trading platform, and a little later the territories were nominally under the authority of the Roman Empire. At the same time in the northern part of the modern state began to actively develop agriculture, large cities were built: Banaz, Sale, Volubilis. The population of Morocco, which at that time were mainly nomadic tribes, was not very influenced by the empire, although it was nominally subordinate to Rome.
Today, the state is the main allyThe United States, which is not a member of the military alliance. Diplomatic relations with Russia are characterized by a turnover exceeding $ 2 billion (as of 2010). In addition, Russian citizens can come to Morocco without having to obtain a visa.
History, which originates fromprehistoric times, distinguishes Morocco. The population of the modern state in the year 150 AD was a million people. After the Great Migration of Nations, the number of inhabitants decreased from 3 million in 300 to 2 million in 500-m. Almost until the middle of the seventeenth century, the population of the country of Morocco was within the number of 2.7 to 4.2 million people.
Active population growth began inthe twentieth century and continues to this day. In 1900, the population of Morocco had 5.1 million inhabitants, and by the early sixties the number of Moroccans had doubled. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, 30.1 million people were registered. According to the latest actual data (for 2016), the population of Morocco is 35 million people.
Age and gender structure of Morocco
The number of able-bodied citizens of Morocco is23.2 million people, a percentage of which is 66.1%. The proportion of Moroccans of retirement age is only 6.1% (2.1 million people), children under 15 years of age are 9.7 million (27.8%). The number of men and women is approximately equal, the ratio between the sexes is respectively 49% and 51%.
Coefficients of social pressure on society
This ratio gives a relatively highpercentage of total social workload. Thus, every person employed in Morocco must ensure the production of one and a half times more goods and services than is required for him.
The coefficient of child load (potentialreplacement) is equal to 42.1%, which ensures the progressive type of the age-sex pyramid and the youth of the population. The ratio of the pension load, which is calculated as the ratio of the population above the able-bodied population to employed people, in Morocco is 9.2%.
Life Expectancy and Literacy
The expected life expectancy of citizensbirth) is 75.9 years. Only 72% of the adult population can read and write, while the level of literacy of the stronger sex is 82.7%, the weak - 62.5%. Young people (15 to 24 years) are more literate. Among the youth, the literacy rate is 95.1%.
Population Density and Population of Morocco
Given the size of the population (35 million Moroccans) and the area of the state (446.5 thousand km2without taking into account Western Sahara or 710.8 thousand km2If we include a controversial issue in Moroccoterritory), calculate the density of the population of Morocco. The figure is 70 people per square kilometer, which puts the state on a par with, for example, Iraq, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Kenya and Cambodia.
Most of the country's population is concentrated onnorth and west of the state, the south-eastern regions remain practically deserted, where the density of inhabitants hardly reaches 1-2 people per square kilometer. Half Moroccans live in cities, the largest of which are:
- Casablanca is the most populous city and the largest port. Almost 10% of the population lives in the agglomeration.
- Rabat is the cultural and industrial center of Morocco. The urban population is 1.6 million people.
- Marrakech is an imperial city, the fourth largest in Morocco.
- Fes is the oldest of the imperial cities, the largest center of culture and education in northern Africa.
The number of municipalities with a population of 10 to 100 thousand people is rapidly increasing in Morocco.
The population depends on the territoryresettlement. In the cities, many are engaged in services (in general, 45% of the population), in the rural areas are engaged in the cultivation of grain and other crops, citrus fruits. In the agricultural sector, about 40% of Moroccans are employed.
Ethnic composition of Morocco
Morocco is the third largest populationan Arab country in the world. Most of the inhabitants (60%) are Arabs, and 40% of Berbers are descendants of the indigenous population. A small percentage are Europeans (mainly French, Spanish, Portuguese) and Jews.
Religious composition of the population
Morocco proclaims Islam as statereligion, which is professed by 98.7% of the population. A small part of the population are adherents of Christianity (1.1%) or Judaism (0.2%). Compliance with the rules of Islam is controlled by the king, and the religious orders themselves can not be objects of constitutional reforms.
The population of Morocco is religious enough, butobserves not all religious orders. For example, a large part of the population observes Ramadan, but does not give up alcohol (including during fasting). By the way, the alleviation of the anti-alcohol policy, enshrined at the legislative level, is required by many foreigners who permanently reside on the territory of Morocco.
Language affiliation of Moroccans
The population of Morocco speaks two officiallanguages - Arabic literary and one of Berber dialects (there are 15-18 million speakers, that is, 50-65% of the population). The Moroccan dialect of Arabic is colloquial.
In addition, French is widespread - quiteA prestigious language, the second for many citizens of the state. French is widely used in commerce, government, education. In the northern regions and in the vicinity of Fez, many speak Spanish, and as a second foreigner, an increasing number of young people choose English.