Polovtsev's mansion in St. Petersburg: description, history, interesting facts and reviews
St. Petersburg is a wonderful city, in which there are a lot of interesting sights. One of them is Polovtsev's mansion.
In the XVIII century it was built, before this there were no buildings. It is not known exactly who first owned the house on the street. The Great Sea.
Change of owners
The second person in charge of Polovtsev's mansion was a merchant from France Egan Winter. He purchased the building in December 1762. The seller was an artillery lieutenant M. Vasiliev.
In 1777, the right of ownership passes to I. Golovkin, the secret counselor, whose grandfather was the chancellor. In 1779 N. Pohodishin became the master, V.Levashov in 1785, who at that time held the post of Major-General. By the end of the 18th century this building towered over one floor above all other buildings. The mansion Polovtseva in St. Petersburg was to play the role of the estate. Several buildings, located on Bolshaya Morskaya Street, as well as Moika, were very wide and occupied the entire site. To get into the house, you had to pass the garden area. The owner was often not at home, so the empress looked after the house.
Interesting facts about guests
For three months in 1787, herelived Venezuelan F.Miranda, a participant in the revolutionary movement in Latin America. He led the struggle, in which the people living on the Spanish colonial land, tried to win their right to freedom. To escape from the authorities of his country, he gets to Russia, namely to the mansion of Polovtsev, where he spends some time.
In 1793, there was the fugitive French earl d'Artois, who was the blood brother of Louis XVI, later called Carl X. Also in the spring of 1794, ER Dashkova was here.
Levashov passed away in 1804, although still inFor two years the house belonged to him under all documents. Then they sold the land. Since the general had six children born out of wedlock, the money received from the bidding was divided between them.
From 1809 the mansion Polovtseva wasproperty of the wife of the jägermeister at the court of Emperor EA. Pashkovoy, whose brother was the Governor-General of St. Petersburg, N. Tolstoy. From 1816, the right of ownership was attributed to PA Shuvalov, the Adjutant-General, whose grandfather was Field Marshal P.I. Shuvalov. In 1820, a man sold the construction of M. Donaurova, whose husband was a state counselor. Since 1829 the owner was N.S. Tolstaya. Her brother lived on the same street in house number 32.
In 1835 Polovtsev acquired the mansion SS. Gagarin, who hired architect Pelema to build an outbuilding on the face side, facing the street. The Great Sea. This building has survived to the present day.
The son of this prince in 1864 exposed the house for auction, inAs a result, Nadezhda Mihailovna, the wife of AA, became the new owner. Polovtsova. With money to buy helped the adoptive parents of a woman. Her father was Stiglitz, a successful banker. There were speculations that this lady was born from the extramarital affair of Prince Mikhail Pavlovich.
It was at that moment that Polovtsev's mansionis significantly transformed due to the fact that in its walls there are chic interiors of the ceremonial type. Most of them have survived to this day. The decoration was handled by Bosse, Briullo and Messmacher, talented creators of the time.
The most admired attention deserves their creations under the name White, Oak and Bronze halls. Earlier here hung the tapestries, which Alexander I was presented by Napoleon himself.
Also interesting places are the locala dining room, a magnificent living room, a rich library, and a boudoir with a bay window. These rooms have preserved their former appearance, so many want to look at this miracle, getting to St. Petersburg. The mansion of Polovtsev is still as magnificent.
After the Polovtsevs passed away, in the 1910sThis building was started by the heiress of the spouses AA Obolenskaya. However, five years later a decision was made to sell, as a result of which the new owner was L.Moshkevich, who paid 500 thousand rubles for this purchase. A year later, a new owner - K. Yaroshinsky, who was part of the society involved in the support of artists of Russia.
In October 1916, the solemnevening, which came Esenin, as well as N. Klyuev in order to read his poems. Since 1930, the school functioned here, whose tasks were related to the trade union movement. Subsequently, the Higher School of Professional Culture began to work here.
In 1934 there was a department here,belonging to the union of architects of the state. It was from that time received its second name Polovtsev's mansion - the House of the architect. Often you can get to a creative contest, an interesting concert or an exhibition.
People who come here get amazingimpressions, inspired by the chic interior and the grandeur of the situation. There is a wonderful restaurant that attracts lovers of fine cuisine in the mansion Polovtseva. Reviews are the most positive, because people really like to feel aristocrats, eating food in the walls of such a manor. The design is called masterpiece, decorated with royal taste. The same goes for the design of tables.
There are beautiful tablecloths and refinedcandlesticks. The food is extremely good and tasty, the prices do not bite. So for moderate money you can eat like a grandee. The staff is very fulfilling and attentive. Here you can bring a soul mate, dine with colleagues or friends, in a word, amuse yourself with luxury. Everywhere comfort and beauty. You can choose from two beautiful halls with wonderful ornaments, themed serving as a wall style. There are elements of leather in different colors, as well as wood, delightful chandeliers. The list of dishes is small, the quality is excellent.
You can try venison and fish. You seem to get to the dinner for the king. Also not very numerous are varieties of wines, although each species deserves special praise.
Local ear and fragrant pike perch are able to surpriseeven the most pretentious lover of culinary delights. Also there are desserts. Local drinks are notable because they can not be found in the usual supermarkets of the city. The waiters are true professionals of their business, who know the menu from and to. Each client can be advised if he needs it and can not decide on a choice.
It is advisable to make a table reservation in advance. Sometimes corporate parties are held here, so the restaurant may be closed at the most inconvenient time for you. Exceptional forethought will not hurt. It will also be useful to know that buying a coupon on Biglion, you can save half the cost.
This place is a pleasant surprise for the guests of the city. They with pleasure and curiosity take part in excursions, the cost of which is on average 300 rubles. Look out for wonderful rooms and chambers. Once in these walls Catherine II was at balls. After a fascinating walk, many descend into the restaurant complex, which is rated as very cozy, because there are only eight tables.
People who come here note that they succeedsaturate and aesthetically, and physically, and intellectually. This is a special color. It's a great pleasure to touch this marvelous atmosphere. Administration does not impose strict requirements on appearance, which helps many to relax and just enjoy interesting leisure.