Political activities and politicians
Today the term "political activity" is not fixed by Russian legislation, and its content is not the first century is the subject of scientific discussions.
The most popular interpretations of the concepts "politics"and "political activity" reflect the specifics of the social order of a specific social community in a certain period of time. So, Aristotle - contemporary of polis Greece - defined politics as a science about the state or the art of governing it. Now such a definition may seem very general and inaccurate, but it was quite suitable for describing public authority on the Greek "islands of democracy".
Since the time of the ancient Greeks, the concept of "politics"has not changed, but the content of this category has significantly expanded. This is due to several reasons, the main of which are the following factors:
- Globalization and informatization lead to the formation of a political field, a fundamentally new quality and scale.
- Increase in the number of subjects - applicants for the possession of the main political resource - power.
- The development of scientific thought, the formation of new concepts of the world view, offering their own interpretations.
Based on the analysis of these factors and worksrecognized theoreticians can formulate the quintessence of the definition of "political activity": it is the social activity of political actors - various associations, classes, ethnic groups, nations - about protecting their collective interests, introducing or preserving social goods, the revival of any social values.
In the sense of definition, the motives of politicalthe activities of a concrete figure must reflect the deficit of the values of the social group whose interests it protects. It is advocacy of collective interests that shapes ideology and becomes the foundation for the formation of political parties.
Formally, the activities of political partiesis aimed at resolving the significant social complexities of a particular social group, therefore, by voting for the party in elections, a citizen counts on protecting his interests. The activities of the party can meet the expectations of the citizen only if the political power is used by all its members solely to achieve socially significant goals.
But the voter votes for the association that describedin their election program actual problems and ways of their solution. But in fact, political figures are gaining power, which, apart from their public interests, have personal goals, and this is entirely understandable by their human nature. And the political activity of a person turns out to be dependent on his subjective interests and needs.
The choice faced by thethe power of man, can be described in an allegory: to sow the field with grain and to wait for seedlings on all collective farms or to buy bread so that his family can live to the end of his life. The risk of a thunderstorm of the economic crisis makes the choice of the "collective farmer" obvious, and the lack of legal force in the electoral program creates certain comforts.