Poet Nikolai Aseev: biography, creativity
Aseev Nikolai Nikolaevich - famous Soviet poet and screenwriter. One of the brightest representatives of futurism in Russia. He was repeatedly awarded by the Soviet authorities for his poems, including the Stalin Prize.
Childhood and youth
Immediately make a reservation, Aseev is a pseudonym. The real name of the writer is Stalbaum. Often published his works under other names: Oriole, N. A. Bul-Bul, Nav Fundamentalists.
Nikolay Aseev, whose biography is presented here, was born on June 27, 1889 in Lviv (Kursk Province). His father, Nikolai Nikolayevich, was an insurance agent, and his mother, Elena Pinskaya, died in her youth, when her son was only 8 years old. Soon after, the father married a second time.
The future writer spent his childhood with his maternal grandfather, Nikolai Pavlovich Pinsky, who was an avid fisherman and hunter, adored folklore, especially songs, and was known as an excellent storyteller. His grandmother, the wife of Pinsky, was born a serf, which the future husband bought, having fallen in love with a girl during her hunting trips.
In 1909, Aseev graduated from the Kursk real school.After that, he entered the Moscow Commercial Institute. He also attended the philological faculty of Moscow University, where he attended lectures.
Nikolay Aseev published his first works in 1911. Moscow literary life overwhelmed the poet. At this time, he is a frequent guest of the “Brusov evenings” and dinners with Vyacheslav Ivanov. At one of the meetings he met Pasternak, who conquered the young writer with his works.
In 1914, a selection of Asev poems was published in the lyman “Lyrics”. From this moment begins the active literary life of the poet. Four years later, 5 of his collections were published: “Zor”, “Night Flute”, “Letorey”, “Oksana”, “The Fourth Book of Poems”.
War and revolution
During the First World War, Nikolai Aseev was drafted into the army. First, he is sent to Mariupol, where he is undergoing combat training. Then sent as part of the regiment in the direction of the Austrian front. At this time, he is seriously ill - pneumonia begins, complicated by tuberculosis. Aseeva is declared unfit for service and sent to the rear. After his recovery, the poet was sent back to the front, where he served until 1917, when he was elected to the Council of Soldiers' Deputies.
The February Revolution flared up. The regiment of the writer refused to fight.Aseev, taking the family, sent to the Far East. His path lay through a hungry and post-war country in rebellion. He described his wanderings in the essay “October in the Far”, which was the first to bring him real literary success.
Settling in Vladivostok, the writer began to cooperate with the new newspaper "The Peasant and the Worker." At this time, it became known about the October Revolution, Aseev gladly received this news. Soon he received an invitation from Lunacharsky to move to Moscow. And in 1922 Aseev moved to the capital. Here he meets with Mayakovsky, who had a very big influence on him.
Life in Moscow
In Moscow, Nikolai Aseev continues to write, publishes several collections: “The Council of the Winds”, “The Steel Nightingale”. In the 1920s, the revolutionary poems and poems of the writer were published: “Chernyshevsky”, “Lyrical retreat”, “Blue hussars”, “Sverdlovsk storm”.
During these years, Aseev set off on a journey to the West, from which he returned in 1928. After that, he wrote several impression poems: "Rome", "Road", and "Forum-Capitol". After the death of Mayakovsky, the poet published the poem "Mayakovsky Begins."
Last years and death
During the Great Patriotic War, Nikolai Aseev continues to work. Many of his works are called a real military chronicle. Among these poems: "The Flame of Victory", "Radio News", "At the Last Hour", "Flight of the Bullet", etc.
In 1961 he published the book of the writer “Why and who needs poetry,” with which he sums up his life and career.
Aseev died on July 16, 1963 in Moscow. He was buried in the Novodevichy cemetery.
Poems Aseev early period
Despite the fact that Aseeva was referred to as futurists, he began as a symbolist. In his youth, was keen on Verlaine, Hoffmann and Oscar Wilde. It is not surprising that in the poems of this time he appears as a decadent romantic.
During these years, the poet adjoins the “Centrifuge” group, whose representatives tried to combine cubo-futurism, which was only gaining momentum, and “pure” classical lyrics. Aseev with contempt belonged to the "sober-mercantile" world of inhabitants. Surrounding reality, he described as "a terrible face", which "showered bundles of rubles." The poet's dream is to run away from this world with her lover and “not to meet friends or family members”.The first world Aseev was perceived as the long-awaited collapse of the philistine settled order: "Let the stones of buildings collapse in flames."
In addition to these motifs, the poet’s poems contain images from Russian fairy tales and Slavic mythology, as well as Zaporozhye melodies.
Period of revolution
Nikolay Aseev is an innovative poet. Mayakovsky and V. Khlebnikov had a great influence on him. They played a major role in shaping his style. During the revolution, Aseev was in Vladivostok. From here he begins to glorify Soviet Russia. The poet refers to the classic village images: blue, flax, arable land, sweet cherries, cobbles, mowing, etc.
Even in pre-revolutionary verses, Aseev predicted the imminent triumph of the new order. Therefore, he took the coup with enthusiasm. He calls the old culture "a bygone cloud," which has finally "died down." The new world has become “a way out of the old, a premonition, an opportunity.” Thus, the poet perceives the revolution as a spontaneous force, which crushed the bourgeois way of life and gave an opportunity for development.
After moving to the capital, Aseev’s worldview changes somewhat.A revolution from a ghostly ideal turns into an accomplished action, the results of which can be evaluated. The theme of industrialization appears in the works, which is inextricably linked with creativity.
The writer is always to experiment, so often felt the influence of various literary movements. For example, ancient Russian motifs, borrowing from Gumilev, Hoffmann, Blok, Khlebnikov.
In its subject matter, the poem “Lyrical digression”, written in 1924, differs from previous works. The composition sounds disturbing, dramatic and excited notes. Aseev reproaches his contemporaries with the fact that they have not departed from the philistinism and are still drawn to domestic well-being, not thinking about the common good. This poem was highly appreciated by contemporaries, and later became considered classics of the 20th century.
The second well-known work of this period is the “Blue Hussars” suite, which was dedicated to the memory of the Decembrists. In the work Aseev describes the preparation of the uprising and the tragic conclusion of his plans.
In 1929 the book "Poet's Diary" was published. In this book, the aesthetic quest goes to the background, and the lyricism of the world and the everyday side of life comes out ahead. Again returns to the romantic pathos Nikolai Aseev.
The most famous poems are listed below:
- "I know: all the sorrows ...";
- "What is happiness?";
- "About ordinary";
- "Song of Glory";
- "Every time you look in the water ...";
Late stage of creativity
In the second half of the 20s, Nikolai Aseev is looking for a new hero. The poems of this time indicate that the poet begins to chant the worker, but poetry, he says, needs to be learned "at the machine tool and combine." Several poems are published in which work collectivism, popular life and the ordinary work of ordinary people are sung. Among such works can be called "Kursk Territories", "Elektiada", "Song of Oil".
The 30s are marked for Aseev by the continuation of genre searches. In particular, he develops international feuilletons on political topics: “Berlin May”, “Hope of Humanity”. At the same time the poet is engaged in translations.
During the Great Patriotic War, his works are printed on the pages of front and central newspapers. In the verses of this period, patriotism and faith in victory in the war occupies the main place.
In the postwar years, Aseev paid great attention to the theoretical part of poetry. Often he published articles on literary topics in newspapers and published several books.
"I can not live without you": analysis of the poem
The poem was written in 1960, so it belongs to the late poetry of Aseeva. The theme of love is uncharacteristic for the writer's creativity and is the exception rather than the rule. The verse has a name - “Simple lines”. It is not always mentioned in collections, but is of key importance for the comprehension of the work.
The plot of the poem as such is not. It only describes the feeling - the lyrical hero confesses his love. He says that without a beloved he does not need anything in this world. Aseev writes about real ardent love, but headlines the poem "Simple lines". By this, the poet wanted to say that for those around him the confession is not some kind of revelation, many have said such words. But for the most lyrical hero, his feelings are strong and incredible.
"I can not live without you" - one of the most famous poems by Aseev. This is due to its lyricism and sincerity.