Plugs for sewer for debtors: the legality of the installation
Increasingly, there are situations when people do not pay utility bills. Everyone has their own reasons for this: someone forgets, others have a problem with lack of funds. But there are plenty of malicious defaulters who deliberately ignore incoming receipts for housing and public utilities.
In order to somehow remedy the situation, service providers are coming up with new ways of dealing with debts, and the most effective today is to install plugs on the sewer system for debtors. Why was this method chosen? In order to suspend, for example, the supply of water requires direct access to the room. And in this situation, representatives of the management organization, most likely, no one will open the door and not let into the room. The overlap of the sewage system is performed through a riser located at the entrance, therefore it does not cause any difficulties.
Fighting RSO with debtors
It is necessary to pay for everything in our life, and bills for services supplied by public utilities are no exception. In the spring of 2011, Resolution 354 was adopted, regulating relations between consumers and resource supply organizations (RIS).
In accordance with the norms of the Housing and Civil Codes, resource providers have the right to collect debts for gas, water, electricity, heat and sewage in court. But as practice shows, this measure is not always effective, since some debtors, despite the decision of the court and the bailiffs visiting the apartment, manage to increase the debt further.
For your information! According to the rules in force today, the resource-supplying organization may suspend the supply of public goods if the payment is delayed for more than 2 months.
Suspending the submission of resources can be done in the following ways:
- Disconnecting the stove from the pipeline and installing the plug.
- Power outage.
- Shut-off and sealing of water taps (the exception is cold water).
- Installing the sewer plug for debtors.
At the same time, it is prohibited to disconnect the whole house from services if at least one person in it pays utility bills in a timely manner. To get to the apartment of the debtor to turn off the gas or water supply, the representatives of the Republic of North Ossetia most often fail, therefore all that remains is to block the sewage system.
Legality of procedure
The question of whether the installation of plugs on the sewage system to debtors is legal concerns many people. Legislation states that completely shutting off the supply of resources, such as heat or water, is prohibited. But a power outage or temporary suspension of drainage as a fight against debtors is allowed.
So, the answer to the question of whether it is legal to put plugs on the sewer system to debtors is definitely "yes"! The managing organization or resource supplying company has the right to apply to the owner of the apartment who is in arrears, the operations indicated above. Sewage is blocked by a special technical device, called a plug.
Since this method of dealing with debts is considered fair, public utilities resort to it quite often.When installing plugs for sewage to debtors, the supplier does not suspend the maintenance of the premises themselves, but affects the debtors in the most unpleasant way. Overlapped sewage will force any defaulter to contribute.
Features of the plugs
The cap on the sewerage system for debtors is a specific technical device that limits the discharge of sewage. Experiencing the principle of operation of the device living in respect of which this action was applied for debts on housing and communal services will be able to quickly enough.
During the day in an apartment where three people live, an average of 300 liters of liquid waste is produced. Based on these data, it can be understood that from the set cap to the indoor riser the wastewater will rise quickly. As a result, even if there is water in the apartment, the residents will not be able to use it, because there will be no place for her to leave, the pipeline is blocked.
Types of caps
Plugs for sewer for debtors are of several types:
- Absolute. They completely overlap the sewer outlets and do not discharge the drain.
- Grid.When they are installed, the fluid will pass, but solid residues will begin to accumulate.
Many are interested in the question of how to put the cap on the sewer debtors? The device is placed in such a way that the drains of the adjacent rooms are not affected, only the drainage of a particular apartment is blocked. Therefore, there are no problems with other residents of the management organization. As practice shows, this is really an effective measure in the fight against debtors, since it is simply impossible to live without sewage systems.
Before you install the plugs
Of course, a plug on the sewer for debtors, the legality of which we have established, is an extreme measure. But if neither the notice nor the short-term suspension of public services yielded results, the managing organizations have to use such a harsh method. Before you install the stub, the service provider must perform a series of actions and check some requirements:
- The absence of a branch of branches.
- Collecting information about the state of the pipeline.
- Ensuring safe access to the drain pipe.
- Notification to the debtor about the intention to install a stub.
The control organization has no right to block the sewage without warning. In the case when the owner of the premises was not informed of the impending overlap of sewage, he is entitled to challenge the procedure in court, even if he has a debt. In this case, the judicial authority will issue a resolution of the issue in favor of the tenant who suffered from the Criminal Code, obliging him to pay compensation for moral damage.
Notice of the forthcoming installation of the plug to the owner must be sent in writing. According to the rules, the debtor is given 30 days to pay. The document must be handed over personally by signature or by registered letter. If the defaulter did not respond to the letter, the water disposal in the apartment is suspended.
How to install the stub
Before proceeding to the description of the installation process of the device, you should find out what the sewer plug for debtors looks like. Devices for remote overlap of water disposal are a set consisting of a blocker, made in the form of a grid, an inflatable balloon, a valve in the form of a petal, a trigger cable, a pump, a camera for finding the installation site and a control monitor.
Rubber inflatable closures completely block the outlet.Advantages of pneumatic plugs are that it is not necessary to select a valve exactly according to the internal diameter. The balloon, when inflated with air, fills the entire gap.
Step by step scheme
The device for the suspension of water disposal is installed according to the following scheme:
- A specialist or a trained employee of the management organization studies the connection scheme of the sewage system in a particular apartment. This is done in order to find out how much water in the room and how many plugs will be required. After all, if there are several sinks in the apartment, then one device will not be enough, the residents will start using the free drain.
- After studying the scheme, the type of plug and the place where it is fixed is selected. Most often, the device is placed on the main riser, which goes from the common sewer to the toilet.
- Next is the installation of plugs on the sewer debtors housing and communal services. A manipulator, LEDs or a video camera controlled by a service employee are sent to the pipeline remotely. It is he who sets the stub on a previously defined area.
After installation of the plug, the discharge of wastewater from the premises is partially or completely blocked.
How services are renewed
After Resolution 354 began to work and resource supplying companies acquired the right to influence debtors by turning off certain services, the amount of utility payments debts became much lower. Of course, it was predictable, because to live without a restroom in the apartment is almost impossible!
According to clause 120 of Regulation 354, service provision must be restored within a maximum of two days after:
- the debt was repaid in full;
- a payment schedule has been signed (the debt is distributed by months).
After payment of the debt has been made or the debt has been distributed monthly in accordance with the schedule, it is necessary to write a statement about the restoration of the service to the RNO or the managing organization. The application must be executed in duplicate, one is registered, the second is left with him. If the stub has not been removed within two days after that, then we can safely go to the court or the prosecutor's office.
Very important! On the question of whether to put the plugs on the sewer to debtors - is it legal, a definite answer is given - “Yes!”If the managing or resource-supplying organization invoices you to pay for these actions, you should appeal this claim to a judicial authority or to the prosecutor's office.
How to get rid of stubs on your own
The legality of installing a sewer plug for debtors has been fully proven, management companies are forced to resort to such measures, since in most cases they have no other method to force the owner to pay the debt. But there are exceptional situations when one should understand the apartment owners themselves. What should they do in this situation, how to solve the problem and is it possible to get rid of the stub by yourself?
Of course, the most correct and legitimate way - payment of debt. In this case, the plug will be removed in the shortest possible time, and the sewage system will start functioning again. But there are other ways to solve this problem, by the way, not always legal. But just as the management organizations have learned to influence the debtors, the residents themselves have come up with ways to deal with the measures of public utilities.
Remove the cap from the sewage in several ways:
- Mechanical.To do this, you need to dismantle the area adjacent to the installation site of the device and remove it manually. And you can also try to do it with a cane with a hook fixed at the end.
- Chemical. In the toilet is filled with a means for cleaning pipes, for example, "Mole". In this way, you can only get rid of the metal plug, but this will take a long time - from a week to a month.
In addition, there is another technique - an appeal to a special company that provides this service. On the Internet, they represented a huge amount.
It should be noted that the unauthorized removal of a plug from sewage by any method does not belong to the category of illegal actions, since the defaulter does not touch the general riser, he performs all of the above actions in his apartment, respectively, does not transgress the law.
But nevertheless, it is recommended to pay utility bills in a timely manner so as not to get into a situation when installing a plug on a sewer system for debtors becomes the only way for the Criminal Code. But even if you are already in such a situation, do not forgetthat it is always possible to agree with the management organization on the distribution of debt by months for a period that suits both parties. It is much easier than to look for third-party services and give them money, because you still have to pay the debt.