Pastila at home from apples: recipe
Pastila at home of apples is prepared quite simply. But first you need to decide what dessert you want to get and what you are going to use for this.
As you know, candy is a sweet cooking technology which involves the use of fruit or berry puree, spread on a flat surface and dried in any known manner.
Simple making pastila from apples at home
Surely everyone tried a delicate and subtle apple candy with an incredible aroma and a slight sourness. In the preparation of such a delicious dessert is nothing complicated. However, you have to have a lot of patience. After all, the marshmallow at home from apples dried for quite a long time.
So what ingredients do we need to make such a delicacy on our own? For this you need to prepare:
- fresh sweet apples - 3 kg;
- drinking water - about ½ cup.
We process the main ingredient
Pastila at home from apples will turn out especially tasty if the fruit for such a dessert is sweet and juicy. They are thoroughly washed, and then they take out the core and chop not very large pieces.
After the apples are prepared, they should be cooked. For this fruit spread in a deep enamel pan.
So that at the initial stage the apples are not burnt, they add some water to them. As for sugar, it is poured only if the fruit is sour and not very tasty.
Covering the pot with a lid, its contents are very slowly brought to a boil. Intermittently stirring the apples, boil them until they are fully boiled and transformed into mashed potatoes. This process can take you 60-90 minutes.
Preparation of mashed potatoes, the formation of marshmallow and its drying
Making pastila from apples at home is a rather long process. However, it can not be called laborious. After all, this dessert is made easy and simple.
After the apples are extinguished in their own juice, they are put in small portions in a fine sieve and intensively crushed with a tolkushka.As a result of such actions, you should get a very gentle homogeneous puree and cake, which can be thrown away.
How does the marshmallow form at home from apples? To make the most delicate dessert, you should use a wide spatula or a knife with a blunt end.
Thus, all cooked mash is spread on a flat surface and spread so that its thickness does not exceed 4-5 mm. The thinner the layer is, the faster the product will dry.
A thin apple candy at home is good at using a special device - a dehydrator. Putting fruit puree in the capacity of this device, the dessert must be dried for 60-180 minutes. If you decide to cook pastila in the oven, then for this you need a little more time.
It should also be noted that some housewives prefer to make dessert outdoors (in a draft or in the sun). In this case, the pastille will be ready for use only after a few days or even weeks (depending on the weather).
How to cook a dessert of fresh apples?
Home-made apples can be prepared not only from fruits that have been heat-treated, but also from fresh mashed potatoes.How to do it? For this we need only a few kilograms of juicy and sweet apples. They are thoroughly washed, cleaned from the seed box and the peel, and then rub on a very fine grater. At the same time you should form a uniform and tender mash without coarse lumps. As in the previous recipe, it is spread out in a thin layer on a flat surface and dried in a dehydrator or in fresh air.
Such a fruit candy from apples at home turns out pretty sour. This is due to the fact that fruits that are not thermally processed quickly oxidize in air, noticeably changing not only their appearance, but also their taste. To get a sweeter dessert, you can add a small amount of powdered sugar to the finished mashed potatoes.
Making thick marshmallow with sugar
Now you have an idea of how homemade candy is made from apples. Magic dessert according to the above recipe is quite popular in our country. However, some housewives prefer to do not thin, but thick marshmallow. Its preparation is complicated by the fact that it requires the use of a larger set of products and time for drying. But first things first.
So, to make a thick pastille, you need to prepare:
- apples - 300 g;
- protein from a large chicken egg - 1 pc .;
- sugar - 100 g for syrup and 60 g in mashed potatoes;
- drinking water - 60 ml (for syrup);
- agar-agar - 8 g (for syrup).
The method of preparation of fruit base
Thick pastila of apples at home is done longer than the previous version of the dessert.
First you need to process the fruit. They are washed, peeled and cut out the core. Next, the apples are chopped into slices and placed in a saucepan with a thick bottom.
Putting the dishes on the stove, its contents are slowly brought to a boil. If you are afraid that the fruit will burn, then you can add a small amount of drinking water.
Boil the apples on low heat until they are converted into mashed potatoes. After that, they are removed from the stove and partially cooled. Putting fruit in small portions in small portions, they are ground with the help of tolkushki. At the exit, they get a very gentle puree and oil cake, which is immediately discarded.
To make the pastilla thicker and airy, sugar and egg white must be spread to the processed apples. The resulting mass is whipped with a blender until it turns white. After that, proceed to the preparation of syrup.
Agar-agar is poured with ordinary drinking water and allowed to stand for about an hour. Next, add sugar to the ingredients and put the mixture on the stove. It should be heated to a temperature of 100 degrees.
After the implementation of the described actions, the syrup is removed from the stove and cooled to 70 degrees at room temperature. Then it is poured into applesauce and whipped at low speed using a mixer.
Preparing the base for pastes, proceed to its drying. For this gentle and air mash spread in a high form, which is covered with cling film in advance. Aligning the surface of the dessert with a spoon, it is left in this form for 10-12 hours.
After the specified time, the finished pastille is spread on a flat surface by turning the mold. Having flavored it with a large amount of powdered sugar, the dessert is cut into strips and left to dry for 3 days. The marshmallow is considered finished when its upper and side parts are very hard, and inside it is tender and melting in the mouth.
Pastila Belevskaya of apples at home
This is a regional variety of Russian pastila. Since the end of the 19th century, it began to be produced in the city of Belevo, Tula Region. Such a dessert is made in the form of a roll with egg white and sugar.
To prepare belevu pastila at home, we need the following components:
- apples variety Antonovka - 1.8 kg;
- proteins from large chicken eggs - 2 pcs .;
- sugar - 200 g
The process of step by step preparation of the basics
To prepare such a delicacy, apples are thoroughly washed, cleaned from the core, and then cut into small slices, which are spread on a baking sheet covered with baking paper.
Preparing the fruit, they are sent to the oven, preheated to 170 degrees. Observing this temperature, the apples bake for about twenty minutes.
After this time, all products should be as soft as possible. They are removed from the oven, spread in a fine sieve and intensively rubbed with tolkushkoy.
To the resulting puree spread half of the sugar and beat with a mixer until the formation of fluffy and light mass. This process can take you about 20 minutes. It is also necessary to whip egg whites with the remaining sugar. In order to form a durable and fluffy mass, it is recommended to pre-hold them in the refrigerating chamber.
After processing, applesauce and protein are combined in one dish and continue to beat until smooth.
The process of formation and heat treatment
Having a fluffy and airy mass, proceed to its heat treatment. About 5-6 large spoons are separated from it, and the rest of the mixture is spread in a deep and wide shape, evenly distributing with a spatula (2-2.5 cm thick).
In this form, the product is sent to a heated oven and dried at a temperature of 150 degrees for 6-7 hours.
After the specified time, the apple marshmallow must noticeably change in color, become brownish and acquire a dense consistency. It is removed from the oven and carefully cut into 5-6 equal parts (strips). After that, they grease the previously abandoned fruit mass and lay on each other.
Having formed a multi-layered dessert, it is again sent to the oven and baked at the same temperature for about two hours.
How to serve?
After belevskaya pastila will be re-subjected to heat treatment, it is carefully removed from the oven and sprinkled with powdered sugar. In this form, the dessert is left at room temperature until cool. Next, it is cut into small pieces and served with a cup of tea.
How to store?
Best home pastila is stored in the refrigerator. It is wrapped with parchment paper or laid out in a pouch. If you decide to store such a product at room temperature, then it is desirable to keep it in a dark place.