Parsing is the provision of information about words as members of a sentence and about the whole sentence.
Each sentence has a basis - subject and predicate, they are also its main members. In order to parse a sentence syntactically, it is necessary to parse the clause members.
The subject is the main member of the sentence, the only one who does not depend on others, who answers the questions of "who" and "what" (these are questions of the nominative case). The subject can be almost any part of speech: a noun and pronoun, a substantive adjective and adverb, a verb in an indefinite form, an interjection, a quantitative or ordinal substantive numeral. The subject can also be a phrase: syntactically related words (A in the nominative case with B in the instrumental case, if the predicate is in the plural); a word having a quantitative meaning and a noun in the genitive case ("four elephants"), phrases with the meaning of an approximate amount (from - to, about) and a phraseological unit.
The predicate is the main member of the sentence, depending only on the subject. The predicate denotes a sign or an action of the subject and answers the questions “what does a person or object do”, “what happens to him”, “what is he”, “who is he” and others.
The predicate can be simple or composite. A simple verbal predicate can be a verb in the conjugated form of any mood, interjection, infinitive, a syntactically related phrase, a repeated personal form of the verb (go, go, express the duration), an expression with an additional meaning ("said so," "did not hear "," take and say, "go for a walk," "like it"), idiom. The composite predicate is verb and nominal. A compound verb predicate (GHS) consists of a verb auxiliary in any form, which assumes the main grammatical role, and an infinitive, which has a lexical meaning. The GHS, in turn, is divided into a predicate with a phase ("start", "finish" and others) auxiliary verb and a predicate with a modal ("be able", "want", "desire") meaning of the auxiliary verb.Examples of the GHS: "started walking", "I want to fly." The composite predicate noun contains a verb-bundle (grammatical functions) and a name (lexical meaning). SIS is classified according to the type of the verb-link: grammatical (the verb “to be”), semi-significant (“to become”, “to become”) and significant (“to want”).
The syntactic analysis of the sentence implies that you emphasize the basis of the sentence and briefly mark the type of predicate above the word, and how it is expressed and the subject.
Minor members of the proposal
In addition to the main members of the proposal, there are also minor ones: addition, circumstance and definition. A supplement is a minor member of a sentence, answers questions of cases, and may be dependent on different members of a sentence. Addition is direct (answers the questions of the nominative and accusative cases) and indirect (answers questions of the other cases). The definition is a minor member of the sentence, which designates a sign of the subject and at the same time answers the questions "what" and "whose". Definitions are consistent and inconsistent. A circumstance is a minor member, subdivided by the values of the course of action, place, time, condition, assignment, etc. It answers the adverb questions.
Analysis of complex sentences
The syntactic analysis implies that it is necessary to single out the basis of the sentence and the minor members and write what kind of subtype they are. In addition to simple sentences, there are also complex ones: compound and complex subordinates. The analysis of complex sentences also includes the analysis of not only the main, but subordinate clauses. All analyzes are made according to the same scheme. In addition to highlighting the members of sentences, the syntactic analysis includes an enumeration of common for the whole sentence features: complete, simple, and others.