Paratunka cucumber: description and reviews
People learned to grow cucumbers from deep antiquity and, I must say, succeeded in this matter. Today it is difficult to find a garden or summer cottage, on which there is at least a small garden bed with these vegetables.
In our country, this culture is grown everywhere. Every year there are more and more advanced varieties that combine the possibility of growing not only in closed, but also in open, unprotected soil. One of them is Paratunka cucumber variety, which we will talk about today.
History of the variety
At the Semko-Junior agrofirm, breeders thought about creating a variety that would meet the requirements of a mild marine, harsh continental and northern climate. Cucumbers of the new variety were supposed to give a rich harvest in the greenhouse at any time of the year and sow early in the open ground.
The research associate of the company, Yu. B. Alekseev, succeeded in realizing the dream. He bred such a variety in 2006 and called it “Paratunka”. The basis was taken from the well-known variety Sail with high yield and excellent germination.After making the seeds of the Russian Federation in the State Register, the history of Paratunka began to develop rapidly. It is grown in six regions: Central, North Caucasus, North, Volga-Vyatka, North-West, Middle Volga.
For Russians, Paratunka cucumber seeds can be grown in other regions as an experimental variety. It is intended for cultivation in greenhouses, but shows good results in open ground.
Variety cucumber Paratunka: description
These cucumbers have a weak root system, which is located very close to the surface or sinks into the soil a maximum of twenty centimeters. The uppermost roots always lack moisture, especially during the fruiting period.
Paratunka cucumbers, a description of which can be found in many publications on vegetable production, have rather long, branched stems. If they are properly shaped, they grow to two meters.
At the base of the leaf, in the internodes, first-order shoots are formed. In the future, they give life to the following branches.
The plant successfully develops on the trellis. If the branch of this cucumber falls to the ground, it takes root very quickly.Gardeners paid attention to this feature and began to specially add insides to the shoots, thus creating a powerful root system. It depends on the yield of the plant.
In the sinuses appear one or more flowers, respectively, and ovaries as much. Usually they are from two to four pieces. The flowers are mostly female type. And the leaves of the Paratunka cucumber are painted in a saturated green color.
This variety does not require additional pollination. The absence of bees does not reduce the number of ovaries. From the first shoots to harvest, it takes about fifty days. Fresh cucumbers can regale before the first frost.
Paratunka cucumbers, the photos of which we have placed in this article, have a cylindrical shape, with a small number of tubercles, and the edges are almost invisible. On the dark green skin you can see white stripes, which occupy a third of the fruit.
The pulp of cucumber Paratunka is dense, not having voids and bitterness, with a pleasant taste, fragrant and very juicy. Fruits - medium and small, quite suitable for gherkin pickling. Their average weight ranges from 70 to 95 grams.
Excellent taste and high yields have made this variety a favorite among cucumber breeding novelties. Vegetable growers from one square meter gather up to fourteen kilograms of tasty and fragrant cucumbers, up to ten centimeters long.
The Paratunka Cucumber, judging by the reviews, is universal: it is good both fresh and canned. He tolerates small fluctuations in temperature, and this, you see, is an important characteristic of the variety.
You can grow Paratunka cucumbers in two ways: sow seeds in the ground or plant seedlings. The first method involves sowing seeds in open ground after the soil warms up to +15 ° C, and air to +22 ° C.
Paratunka cucumbers grown in a seedling way, judging by the reviews, show the best results. For seedlings, seeds are sown about a month before transplanting plants into open ground. The soil should be nutritious, light, moderately moist, disinfected and well warmed. Seeds of this variety do not need pre-heating and disinfection, but soaking will help improve germination.
Sow them in special cassette containers, in which they are buried 1.5-2 to 2 centimeters. To germinate this crop requires constant heat and relatively high humidity. After the appearance of the first shoots, in order to obtain strong, not stretched seedlings, it is necessary to reduce the temperature in the room and provide the seedlings with additional lighting.
If you use ready-made high-quality planting soil for growing vegetables, then before planting seedlings at a permanent place, fertilization is not required. Plants should be hardened before planting into the ground: first take them to the street for fifteen minutes. Every day, the time of "walking" is increased. In addition, it is necessary to moisten the earthen room well to facilitate replanting.
When transplanting seedlings into the ground can be used as a breeding, and the ordinary way. In the first case, a scheme of 50 x 30 cm or a chess order is assumed. If you plant the plants in rows, the distance between them should be at least 15 cm, and the gap between the rows should be about 70 cm.
Paratunka cucumbers are undemanding, but very responsive to timely and competent care. It is a moisture-loving crop that needs irrigation as the soil dries out.At the same time it is impossible to allow overmoistening, in order to avoid rotting of the roots. Cucumbers of this variety should be watered with warm water in the evening. After watering the soil should be loosened, but not too deep.
The plant needs feeding. For this purpose, special formulations or slurry are used. Small cucumbers should be collected every other day in the morning. Harvesting should be active and timely - this will increase yields. Experienced vegetable growers consider removing the first four ovaries and pinching the two lower side shoots as another way to increase yield. Try not to close the plants above the trellis level.
Growing this variety in the open field, you should not engage in its formation, and in the greenhouse it is necessary to use trellis and tie branches to them. Feed cucumbers four times a season using mineral and organic fertilizers, which should be alternated.
Cucumbers Paratunka: reviews of vegetable growers
Both greenhouse and greenhouse owners and gardeners, who grow cucumbers only in open ground, speak positively of this variety. Excellent taste does not disappear in marinating and salting.After preservation, the cucumbers remain crispy and fragrant. Variety Paratunka like vegetable growers early and abundant fruiting. It is easy to care for him, and when grown in a greenhouse, you can rejoice the family with fresh cucumbers throughout the year.