Papillomas on the genitals: causes, effects, treatment
Today, HPV is quite common, it causes,including, and papillomas on the genitals. In general, more than one hundred types of this virus are now known. These neoplasms deliver not only aesthetic inconveniences, but also have the property of traumatizing, inflamed and becoming malignant. They are especially rapidly growing during pregnancy, can interfere with childbirth and contribute to the appearance of neoplasms in the larynx of a baby.
Papillomas on the genitals usually have the formgenital warts. They appear near the anus, on the labia, perineum in women, on the penis - in men. They are also found in the urethra, vagina, cervix, bladder. Basically, the virus is sexually infected, but it is not excluded and domestic infection.
The cause of genital warts - HPV 11and 6 types. They are classified as low-oncogenic because they rarely cause cancer. Much more dangerous are the 16 and 18 types, they provoke a malignant process on the cervix. They are referred to as highly congenital species. These types are the most common, although genital papillomas cause several dozen varieties of HPV.
When they appear in the urethra, urination may be impaired, and soreness may occur. If the neoplasm is in the vagina and on the neck, then there may be discharge, itching and bleeding during and after sex.
Usually the appearance of papillomas occurs in monthsafter infection. Their number and appearance can be very diverse. Sometimes the virus does not manifest itself for a very long time, and for the first time condylomas appear with weakening of immunity.
Unfortunately, this often occurs during the periodpregnancy. This is due to the suppression of immunity at this time and with a change in the hormonal background. And under these conditions they can grow very rapidly, reaching a large size. Often condylomas themselves disappear after childbirth. The question of whether it is necessary to remove papillomas on the genitals during pregnancy is decided by the attending physician.
However, it should be borne in mind that they can interfere withbirth, provoke bleeding and promote inflammation. In addition, the baby can be infected while passing through the genitals. This will lead to the appearance of papillomas in his larynx.
However, indications for caesarean section are neoplasms of only large sizes, overlapping the birth canal. They are more common in patients with immunodeficiency.
The opinion of specialists is that papilloma sexmust be deleted. Today it is done both surgically, for example, using a laser, and cauterizing with the use of various drugs. Categorically you can not deal with their removal at home yourself.
When such neoplasms appeargo to a gynecologist, urologist or venereologist. More often after removal, they no longer appear, although a relapse is possible. In this case, the doctor will prescribe antiviral and immune medications.
It is important to understand that HPV has settled in the bodyforever, getting rid of it is completely impossible. With any weakening of the immune system, papillomas may reappear. However, competent therapy will help to reduce the number of relapses and their severity to a minimum.
Removing all moles on the body is impractical, andspecialists do not call for this. However, the indication for the elimination of any new growth is their rapid growth, damage and being in dangerous places. Genitalia is precisely related to them, since the likelihood of a malignant process and trauma is high.
For the diagnosis of HPV, examination and PCR are used. It examines smears from the ceric canal, urethra, vagina, other material. However, in the latent course of the disease, the analysis may be negative even in the presence of a virus in the anogenital region.
Women with HPV should always visit a gynecologist. It is obligatory to perform a stroke every year on abnormal cells and colposcopy. Cervical cancer today is well treated with timely detection.
So, the papillomas on the genitals should be removed,although in rare cases they pass by themselves. If you do not get rid of them, then cancer is possible. In addition, they are often damaged and inflamed in this area. Condylomata have the property to appear and grow rapidly during pregnancy. They can interfere with childbirth and help infect the baby.