Pancreatitis: symptoms, how dangerous this disease is, its types
What is pancreatitis and why it develops
Inflammatory changes in pancreatic tissue are called pancreatitis. Pancreatitis is life threatening, so everyone should be aware of the symptoms of the disease. The disease develops as a result of diseases of the biliary ducts or the stomach, may occur under the influence of infection. Often provoked by the intake of strong alcoholic drinks and spicy foods that increase the viscosity of the juice produced by the gland; may also occur if an artery branch feeding the pancreatic region is blocked by an atherosclerosis or thrombus. Other causes of pancreatitis include congenital viscosity of pancreatic juice (for example, due to cystic fibrosis), congenital disorders of the anatomy of the gland, as well as injuries and allergic conditions.
Types of pancreatitis
Two main types - acute and chronic pancreatitis.Each of them has its own subspecies. Thus, acute pancreatitis, depending on the factor that provoked its development, is divided into:
1) nutritional pancreatitis, which developed as a result of the consumption of spicy and fatty foods, this also includes the alcoholic process that causes inflammation in the pancreas;
2) gastrogenic - provoked by diseases of the stomach (gastritis, ulcer);
3) ischemic - which arose due to the fact that the artery that fed some part of the gland was blocked by a thrombus or an atherosclerotic plaque;
4) biliary, caused by diseases of the biliary tract;
5) infectious pancreatitis: it is caused by hepatitis, epidemic parotitis, other infectious diseases;
6) traumatic and postoperative pancreatitis: may be caused by blood loss, frostbite, operational stress;
7) toxic-allergic pancreatitis: it can appear from the effects of heavy metal salts, paints, solvents, certain drugs.
Whatever the cause of the pancreatitis, the symptoms of a disease that is acute will be the same. Manifestations of chronic pancreatitis are different.
Acute pancreatitis: symptoms
a) Acute pain that occurs more often after a food error. It has the following characteristics:
- very strong;
- it is located “under the spoon”, in the left hypochondrium or has a shingles character (depending on which part of the gland is inflamed);
- gives to the left shoulder blade, shoulder, left side.
b) Diarrhea without fever.
c) Nausea, vomiting.
d) Dry mouth.
Complications of acute pancreatitis
These are jaundice, abscesses and cysts that occur in the pancreas, inflammation of the lungs, pleurisy, peritonitis caused by the erosion of the pancreatic juice, in which there are many enzymes. Death from pancreatitis can occur in such cases:
- When enzymes enter the blood, they cause massive dilation of blood vessels. This causes a significant decrease in blood pressure (pancreatic shock), and without timely assistance, the person dies.
- When the enzymes have eaten up their own gland tissue completely (total pancreatic necrosis).
Chronic pancreatitis: symptoms
The exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis manifests itself as a rather intense pain under the spoon, to the left under the ribs or shingles. There is a strong rumbling in the stomach, his bloating.The feces in chronic pancreatitis are plentiful, watery, fat, poorly washed from the toilet. Weight in patients with chronic pancreatitis is reduced, there is a loss of appetite.
Frequent exacerbations of chronic pancreatitis lead to the transformation of tissue into cancer, so it must be treated.