Novosibirsk: population, area, economy, industrial enterprises
What is modern Novosibirsk, with a population of almost 1.5 million? To begin, let's find out more about its economy, citizens, territory and surroundings.
Little about the city
Novosibirsk is the center of the largest agglomeration in Siberia. It has the status of a city of federal importance and is a commercial, cultural, business and industrial center. It was founded in 1893, but official recognition occurred only in 1903. Today the number of the settlement is one and a half million people. The head of the municipality is Anatoly Lokot.
Since 1897, when the population of the city was only 8 thousand people, the number of residents constantly increased.Already in 1970, more than 1 million people lived in the largest city of Siberia. Population growth rates were very high, which was explained by migration processes, as well as by the fact that the regional center occupied an increasingly important and significant place in the life of the region.
Novosibirsk, with an average population of one and a half million people, has always had floating numbers. Until 1985, the population increased regularly, but then the ups and downs began. So, from 1987 to 1994, the number of city residents grew at a fairly rapid pace from year to year. The next four years saw a slight decline, which persisted until 2002. And from that time began a sharp increase in population, although in some periods it was still witnessed a slight decrease in inhabitants.
Since 2007, Novosibirsk (including its population) has been growing and is rapidly gaining momentum. To make it clear: in 2007, about 1 million 400 thousand people lived in the city, and by 2016 - 1 million 584 thousand people.
Place of the city in Russia
The population of Novosibirsk is the third after Moscow and St. Petersburg.In the XXI century, it became the first regional city, which exceeded the one and a half million population figures. The type of population growth refers to the pendulum, since minor fluctuations are present throughout the time. Due to the migration of the population from the nearest districts, the average number of inhabitants increases by 100 thousand people annually.
Urbanization and number
Urbanization processes in the city are very active. The population of Novosibirsk is growing not only at the expense of the urban, but also at the expense of the rural population. If we analyze the picture of the ratio of residents, we can see that people engaged in rural labor make up about a quarter of the total. The number of villagers is unstable and increases unevenly: it also has a pendulum character.
From 2003 to 2005, there was an increase in the share of the rural population. From 2005 to 2008, downward trends were noticeable. Until now, there is a regular increase and decrease in the rural population by some thousands. If it is very generalized, then its quantity is equal to approximately 600 thousand souls.
Recent demographic studies have shown that the birth rate in the city is much higher than the death rate. The greatest numerical advantage is of the working-age population, followed by pensioners, children occupy the third place. In percentage terms, women prevail over men (54% and 45%, respectively).
Novosibirsk belongs to the Krasnoyarsk time zone. Regarding the capital of Russia, the city has a clockwise offset of +4 hours. Up to 1958, the right and left banks of the city were in different time zones. Since 1993, the time in Novosibirsk has been in the 6th time zone, which was determined according to Omsk time. In 2011, there was a transfer of all time zones of the Russian Federation 1 hour ahead. In 2014, a reverse transfer occurred an hour ago, as a result of which the city again began to live according to Omsk time. In 2016, the time in Novosibirsk returned to the Krasnoyarsk time zone.
The city line, established in 1938, marked the territory of the city within 351.7 square meters. km, but due to the active construction of Academgorodok, this figure was increased to 476.9 square meters. km Today, the area of Novosibirsk is 492.94 square meters. km These borders include not only the city itself, but also the industrial-residential area of Pashino (12.68 square meters.km), which has no territorial connection with the city.
Novosibirsk is located on the two banks of the Ob. The total length of the territory from north to south is 40 km, and from west to east - 25 km. The southern part of the city is adjacent to Berdsk.
In the southwestern part, the city is adjacent to such municipalities as rural settlements (Michurinskoe, Verkh-Tulinskoe, Tolmachevskoe, Morskoye) and one urban district - Krasnoobskoye. Michurinskoe rural settlement, Krasnoobsk settlement and Ob water area separate the left-bank part of the city from the center.
The western part of Novosibirsk is adjacent to two rural settlements (Krivodanovskoye and Kudryashovskoe) and the Ob urban district.
The northern part of the city is adjacent only to rural settlements (Kubovinskoe, Station, Mochishchenskoe).
The eastern border is associated with rural settlements (Baryshevskoe, Razdolnenskoe, Kamenskoe and Novolugovskoe).
According to the city plan, the territory can be increased to 635.5 sq. Km. The main growth point is planned in the southwestern part of the city. It will manifest itself in the accession of Krasnoobsk and a number of rural settlements to Novosibirsk.The second important direction for expanding the boundaries of the city is the north. As a result, the village of Pashino will be attached to the city.
The economy of Novosibirsk is developing very productively. We must not forget that the city is a powerful industrial center. The average annual number of industrial workers is 420 thousand people. The main profitable industries include energy, engineering, gas supply, water supply, metalworking and metallurgy. In 2011, there were about 130 thousand enterprises in the city, and the number of individual entrepreneurs was approximately 43 thousand people.
Industrial enterprises of Novosibirsk are of great importance for the whole of Russia. The city has many branches and offices of large companies from all over the country (OJSC SibEco, LLC Novotelecom, OJSC Siblitmash and others). The city’s revenues from economic activity should have amounted to 26.4 billion rubles and expenses - 27.3 billion rubles (2007). As you can see, there was a small shortage of funds, which only grew until 2009 and reached 2.7 billion rubles. The cost per person was significantly lessthan in Moscow and St. Petersburg, but exceeded this figure in other cities of Russia, in which the population was more than 1 million people.
In 2008, according to RBC, the city ranked third among the best cities for doing business in Russia. In 2013, the average monthly wage of employees of medium and large enterprises amounted to approximately 33 thousand rubles.
In addition, the city is a major logistics hub, because it is located at the intersection of a number of important trade routes (Europe, Southeast and Central Asia, the Far East and northern Russia). Because of this, many global companies have their offices and storage areas in the city.