Norwegian composer Edward Grieg: biography (summary)
In works of art, features remainmentality, reflects the culture of the people, whose representative is the author of the masterpiece. This also applies to musical art. The composer's work is influenced by the geography of the area, the climate, life and life of people, folklore melodies, legends, legends. The seen and heard is passed through the soul of genius, and the world receives new symphonies, cantatas, plays, other immortal creations.
Scandinavian music also has distinctive features. Composers of northern Europe, having studied the world's musical heritage, created a unique rhythmic beat. One of the most famous Scandinavian composers is Edward Grieg. Biography, a brief summary of the life and work of a genius are presented in this article.
The future composer was born on June 15, 1943 inthe provincial Norwegian town of Bergen. The father of the boy Alexander Grig worked in the British consulate, and the mother of Gesin Grig (Hagerup) played the piano.
Little Edward studied music from the age of six. The first teacher was my mother. The child showed musical abilities, but they did not speak about serious music lessons yet.
One day a friend of the family came to Grigam -while the violinist and composer Ulle Bull. Hearing the music of Edward, Bull advised his parents to send a guy to the Leipzig Conservatory. The musician already understood then what kind of fame Edward Grieg will acquire: a biography (the summary of which is presented in this article), as well as the works created by him, will become the property of the whole world after many years.
Years of study brought not only joy, but alsodisappointment. Grieg took lessons from the outstanding music teachers Ernst Wentzel and Ignaz Mosheles. Musicians were happy to disclose the secrets of their skills to students, but the requirements for young talents were high.
Like other students, Grieg rehearsed from morning till nightevenings, interrupting just to eat. Loads were unbearable, and in 1860 the young man became seriously ill. Because of the illness, I had to interrupt my classes and return to my relatives. Edward Grieg, whose biography (summary) will later be studied in music schools, would not have taken place as a composer, if not for the help of his relatives.
The fight against the disease was not easy, but thanks to careful care, the young man got to his feet. Parents wanted their son to stay at home, but the guy returned to Leipzig and continued his studies.
Upon completion of the training Edward received a diplomapianist and composer. To the attention of the public and the faculty, the graduate offered miniatures of his own work, highly appreciated by both professionals and music lovers.
After graduating from the conservatory, Edward Grieg returned to his homeland. The young composer and pianist was interested in national culture, and he was excited by the idea of creating original Scandinavian music.
With a group of like-minded people, Edward organizesa musical society whose members write, perform and promote their works. During this period, Grieg composes a piano sonata, a sonata for violin and piano, romances, an overture "Autumn" and "Humoresque".
The composer's talent is highly appreciated by his contemporaries. After a while, Edward Grieg, whose biography (summary) includes personal relationships, becomes a family man. Favorite wife Nina Hagerup takes part in concerts, performs romances of her husband.
The biography of Edward Grieg (summary) waswould be incomplete without describing the enlightenment activity of the composer. Moving to Oslo, Grieg begins to create a music school in Norway, the Musical Society. The composer is supported by writers, public figures, and other representatives of the intelligentsia. As a result of cooperation with B. Bjørnson, musical dramas appeared on the Scandinavian epos of the Edda. Also during this period were written a piano concert and lyrical plays.
Soon Edward Grieg becomes famous foroutside Scandinavia. F. Liszt played an important role in this. The state granted Grig a lifelong scholarship, which allowed the composer to return to his native city and devote himself to creativity.
Edward travels a lot, studying the life of Norwegian peasants, enjoying the beauties of nature. The impressions received are reflected in one of the most famous works - Suite "Per Gynt".
The peak of Edward Grieg's fame - the 80's and 90'sthe century before last. He is invited to perform in Denmark, Germany, Holland, England and other European countries. In 1889 Grieg became a member of the French Academy of Fine Arts, and in 1893 - an honorary doctor of Cambridge University.
At home the composer is engaged in publicactivity: organizes a festival of Norwegian music (conducted today), is interested in the work of concert and choral societies, writes essays and articles about the work of colleagues, publishes collections of folk songs and dances. That was Edward Grieg. A short biography of the composer is known not only to musicians, but works created by Griege have replenished the fund of classical music.
During his lifetime, the composer was friends with P.I. Tchaikovsky, dreamed of going to Russia, giving concerts in England, but his creative plans had broken the disease. The composer died on September 4, 1907. Later in the villa of Trollhaugen, where the last years of genius passed, they opened a memorial house-museum.