Norway spruce forms forests of the northern hemisphere
In the northern part of the globe grows one of the most popular types of trees that form forests. Ordinary spruce, or common spruce, can have a height of up to 60 meters, it belongs to the largest species of wild plants and trees whose homeland is the European continent. For spruces, regardless of type, a certain type of needles is characteristic, which has a four-sided shape and is quite rigid. The flowering of such trees is practically not observed, flowers can appear on their branches only once in several years. On old spruce trees grow cones in which seeds are formed.
It is not recommended to transplant an adult tree, because it may not settle down due to the superficial root system, therefore experts do not advise to carry out any interventions in its natural development.This woody plant has many species that are distinguished by their height and other characteristic features. Common spruce of high breeds is known, as well as dwarf ones; each individual species has a certain crown shape. Until the age of ten, spruce does not grow quickly, and then begins to rapidly "stretch" and increase its pomp. By 100 years or more, spruce height growth is significantly slowing. In European countries, there are spruce forests from trees that perfectly cultivate sandy and loamy fertile soils.
In the pharmaceutical industry is widely practiced the use of the upper parts of the fir branches for the manufacture of medicines. Medical research and practical observations have proven the beneficial properties that spruce has, in particular, its ability to destroy harmful microorganisms (microbes). Infusions based on fir branches are used as tannic, antispasmodic and antibacterial agents. Essential spruce oils have a beneficial effect on the human body, destroying bacteria and allowing you to get rid of a number of diseases, including acute respiratory, tuberculosis, influenza.Spruce branches, equipped with needles, contain vitamin C, chlorophyll, carotene, so that their use in medicine can improve the condition of patients with diseases of the hematopoietic system, suffering from kidney diseases and improper metabolism. People suffering from disorders of the central nervous system (and peripheral), hypertension, patients with polyarthritis, weakened as a result of illness or overwork, lack of sleep, stress, take baths created on the basis of such a plant as spruce.
Selection of soil. Landing
The common spruce (photo in the article), despite its unpretentiousness, is distinguished by the best growth and development with good access of sunlight. With regard to the composition of the soil, it must have a special fertility in order for the root system to have the ability to obtain nutrients. Trampled, compacted soil is unfavorable for oil, as well as transplanting. Consideration should be given to installing drainage if the groundwater level is rather high in a section of soil. If the roots are too close to the surface, the tree may suffer from natural disasters, such as a hurricane, for example.
One of the interesting species of spruce is the common spruce nidiformis, which has a height of only one meter (dwarf type), a wide flattened crown, a peculiar direction of the branches. In the year it grows about 4 cm, has a characteristic light shade of green needles.