Monstera: breeding and care
Today we will talk about how to grow at home a spectacular plant like monstera. The reproduction of this tropical giant sometimes causes some difficulties, but in fact there is nothing difficult here. We will consider the features of care and some subtleties, thanks to which you will soon be stunning in its size and beauty of the monster. There are a large number of myths that say that it is impossible to keep this plant at home. However, all this is nothing more than speculation and "horror stories" that should not be taken seriously.
Where did this name come from
For the first time, researchers met this amazing plant in the tropical forests of South America. It is easy to imagine that the first came to their mind when they saw a 30-meter creeper with huge carved leaves and thick creeping stems resembling snakes with a diameter of up to 20 cm. Aerial roots that descend from above in the form of monstrous tentacles also give the form a terrifying look .In the twilight of the jungle, its jagged leaves resemble amazing masks. As a result, the only possible name is born - monster. Then dark energy, a deadly danger in the form of toxic fumes, are dragged into this name. In fact, this plant is not at all dangerous and at the same time very attractive, so today we will take a closer look at what a monstera is. Reproduction of a stunning vine is a separate topic.
Under room conditions, it does not grow as big as in the tropics, and the aerial roots that are neatly tied and stuck into the moss do not cause unpleasant associations to anyone. But still you need to think carefully about where your monstera will grow. Reproduction occurs with cuttings and aerial roots, so that it is not difficult to get a cut. For 3-4 years a large liana can occupy half of the room, which means that a spacious veranda or a large hall is best for growing it. If you have a small apartment, it is better to choose a smaller philodendron.
Since many confuse these two related plants, the monstera is often placed in a deep shadow. Leaving her requires minimal, and on the basis of this plant provide itself.However, unlike the philodendron, which easily tolerates the shadow, but will grow in brighter light, the monstera loves light. It is best to choose a place with diffuse lighting or light penumbra. A good choice for placing a flower will be the space between the windows, preferably east or west. If the lighting is chosen correctly, then soon you will have a large and bright monstera. Caring for it is simple, but it is not recommended to change the place to an adult plant. That lighting, to which it is accustomed, would be ideal for him. Therefore, with a place for the plant is better to decide in advance.
Temperature and watering
Let's continue the conversation about what conditions the monster plant likes. The optimum temperature for it is +25 degrees. It actively begins to grow at a temperature of +16. In winter, you need to withstand milder conditions for the plant to rest. The ideal would be +16 ... +18 degrees, although for some time you can keep the monster at 10-12 degrees.
Since the monstera plant is tropical, it needs good watering. It should be especially abundant in spring and summer, it is desirable to use soft, defended water.Watering is necessary when drying the top layer of the substrate. With excessive watering, the plant begins to "cry", the excess liquid acts as drops on the leaves. But the drying of the earthy coma is unacceptable.
Monstera at home most often suffers from excessive dry air. The central heating system least of all resembles the climate of the tropical jungle, where the heat is somewhat muffled due to the abundance of vegetation around, but on the other hand humid evaporations are constantly rising. To aerial roots do not suffer, you need to regularly spray them. The soil should be overlaid with a layer of peat moss, which must be periodically moistened. In addition, a special hollow tube filled with peat is installed in a pot with a monster. It serves to support a large creeper, since in the jungle it clings to trees. Peat also needs to be moistened periodically to imitate natural conditions.
Adult specimens require regular fertilization, since large vines require food. From March to August it is necessary to feed with complex mineral and organic fertilizers approximately every two weeks. Without this, the growth of the plant slows down greatly, and decorativeness is also lost.The leaves lose their lace, usually with a lack of nutrients, they are small and whole. Young, just planted plants do not need additional feeding, fresh soil is fully capable of providing seedlings. Starting from the end of August, fertilization should be discontinued, since a certain rest period is necessary.
Reproduction and transplanting
This stunningly beautiful liana can not be planted immediately in a large pot, since such a landing will inhibit development. On the contrary, the pot, which is only slightly larger than the root system, activates its growth, development and even flowering. Therefore, depending on age, the plant is transplanted at different time intervals. Up to three years is once a year, usually in spring. The diameter of the pot each time should be slightly larger than the previous one. By 3-4 years of the monstera reaches the impressive size, now change is required only once in two years. And finally, by the age of five, the plant reaches full maturity, it can be transplanted once every 5-6 years. Do not forget that, regardless of age, every year a transshipment is made, that is, the top layer of soil is removed in a pot and a new one is filled up.
Breeding giant creepers
In our conditions, the most exotic way is reproduction by seeds. It is not easy to find them, there is simply no place to collect them, since at home the liana does not bloom and it is rather difficult to get greenhouses. Even if you find seeds on sale, you will have to wait long enough. Shoots appear 2-4 weeks after sowing. Now seedlings can be opened and provide regular picking, watering and care. After 2 years, the plants already have a well-developed root system and 2-4 adult, juvenile leaves.
Using layering or cuttings
This is the most popular method, since the material for planting can be found quite easily, especially if your friends have an adult plant. By spring, the plant sometimes gives a cut from the root, then when transferring (replacing the top layer of the earth), it is enough to separate it from the main root and plant it in a new pot. If there are no root layers, this is not a cause for concern, soon you will have a monstera. Propagation by cuttings occurs in May or June. At this time, lateral processes appear in the lower part of the trunk, which can be safely cut and rooted.Also as a material, you can use pieces of the stem, most often the top of the plant.
So, you have a side slider or a piece of stem with one or two sheets. Slices need to sprinkle with crushed charcoal and allow to dry. Then they are planted in separate pots for rooting. The substrate consists of a drainage layer, peat ground and 2-3 cm of coarse sand. It is desirable to maintain the temperature of 20-25 degrees. Watering is required in the morning and evening. It is best if rooting cuttings or cuttings have several air roots.
Aerial roots are another way to get a new plant.
Many aerial roots hanging from the plant provide an additional source of moisture and are also used by the plant for support. However, without support, a large vine will not be able to stand straight. In the jungle, it uses trees as a support, and maybe just grow in a creeping way along the ground. Monstera breeding by air roots takes a little longer, but as a result you will get a new plant without having to cut off the parts from the parent. To do this, you need several air roots (the uppermost, young and white) tightly wrap with wet moss, tie up with string and tie to the trunk.Soon a lot of roots will form and young leaves will appear. A new plant needs to be planted in a pot so that the roots and the cut are covered with earth. This method is extremely beneficial for the maternal plant, its old stems will soon form new side shoots.
The main problems with growing
This is a tropical plant that needs to create the appropriate conditions for life. Often flower growers face some difficulties. It happens that the growth of the plant stops and bare trunk. Most often this is due to the fact that he lacks light. It happens that a person lives an adult Monstera, the small leaves of which are not at all like luxurious carved plates. The reason is most likely a lack of lighting or a lack of nutrients. With age, the bottom of the trunk most often becomes bare, this is a normal phenomenon, but if before falling out, the leaves become dry and brown, then the reason is too high air temperature.
Yellow and faded leaves speak about the lack of nutrition, purchase complex fertilizer and with the beginning of spring, apply it to the soil at intervals of 1-2 weeks.By the fall, your vine will become bright green, and new leaves will delight in their size. If the leaves begin to "cry", then this indicates excessive watering. This can lead to decay of the roots, so you need to stop in time.