Measles: symptoms and course of the disease
What is measles? Why does she often get sick with entire children's groups? How dangerous is this disease?Such questions come to mind to every parent who has heard that measles is found in a school or kindergarten. The symptoms of this disease at the very beginning are very similar to any viral infection, but measles (or Morbilli) is much more dangerous. Doctors found that today it is measles - the most contagious disease with the highest level of susceptibility. Simply put, normal, even fleeting contact with a healthy, but unvaccinated or untried person, in 99% of cases contributes to the infection of the latter. Why is measles so dangerous? Its symptoms, as mentioned above, are similar to SARS. The incubation period (i.e. the time from the moment of infection to the first signs) lasts from a week to a 21st day. After this time, the child (and most often the children get sick) develop catarrhal irritation of the mucous membrane of the eyes, nose, and throat. Tears flow from the eyes, sneezing begins, cough appears. A little later, a red rash appears on the body of the patient.At this point, even inexperienced parents understand: a child has measles. Its symptoms begin to appear very clearly. In order for the treatment to be ripe in time, we will try to determine how the disease develops.
Measles in children: symptoms and treatment
The measles virus can only live in human excreta. When he sneezes or coughs into the air, he very quickly finds a new “host”. A whole week, or even all three, the virus may not manifest itself. Is that the baby will begin to tire more or faster. Only after a week may appear signs of the disease:
- Rise in temperature.
- Mild digestive disorders (it may not be).
- Cough, runny nose, sore throat. At this point, it is still not possible to establish that a child has measles: the symptoms are similar to both SARS, and flu, and to poisoning.
- Approximately, on the fourth day, the doctor may notice grayish eruptions on the mucous membrane of the cheeks and gums of the baby.
Now the diagnosis is clear: it is measles. Its symptoms begin to change gradually. Cough and runny nose may disappear, but the patient's body will be covered with a bright red rash. New signs of measles in children appear gradually. Usually, the first rash appears on the face and neck, then - on the body, then - on the limbs.
However, such a classic course of the disease is not always the case.Firstly, even adults have become increasingly sick with measles. It is harder for them. Measles, the symptoms of which in adults are not always expressed, in women can lead to miscarriages and infertility. Secondly, the incubation or acute periods can stretch over time. In addition, an organism weakened by measles is easily susceptible to other infections: laryngitis, stomatitis, encephalitis, pneumonia, etc. Measles, whose symptoms are hidden or dimly expressed, can even be fatal. There is no specific medicine for measles.