Low blood sugar: causes, effects
In healthy people, the level of glucose in the blood should be kept at a certain level. Only in this case, the body can work properly: the cells have enough nutrition, and the brain has enough energy. But often it happens that the sugar content in the blood rises or falls. If this happens often and lasts a long time, it causes serious health problems. Increasing the level of sugar is now quite common and leads to a fairly common disease - diabetes.
Many people know how dangerous elevated blood glucose is. And they are trying with all their might to reduce it. But not everyone understands that low blood sugar is no less dangerous. And sometimes even more: some people cannot immediately recognize the first symptoms of this condition, and this can lead to loss of consciousness and coma.
What is hypoglycemia
Glucose, or as it used to be called sugar, is always present in human blood.It gives energy to the cells and especially to the brain. Glucose enters the body with food, and its main supplier is carbohydrates.They are the main source of energy that allows the whole body to function normally. If a person eats properly, getting enough complex carbohydrates with food, an excess of glucose is deposited as glycogen in the liver and muscles. It is from there that it is taken with a deficiency.
If there is a decrease in blood sugar, and there are no glycogen reserves, then a state of hypoglycemia occurs - a deficiency of glucose. At the same time, cellular metabolism is disturbed, and the heart and brain primarily suffer from this. Prolonged decrease in the level of glucose in the blood leads to the death of its cells. If its level drops sharply, then the person loses consciousness and may fall into a coma.
Therefore, you need to be careful of people with diabetes who try to lower blood sugar quickly - its high level does not immediately lead to dangerous consequences. But the state of hypoglycemia can also be observed in healthy people. True, malaise is not always associated with a decrease in blood sugar levels.And it happens that without timely action, this condition leads to irreversible consequences.
Symptoms of low sugar
- restless sleep, with nightmares and frequent awakenings;
- in the mornings, a person who has low blood sugar levels, feels tired and weak, may have a headache;
- increased sweating;
- irritability and anxiety;
- a state of chronic fatigue;
- limbs may tremble and become numb, strong weakness is felt in the muscles;
- frequent headaches and dizziness;
- I always want to eat, but at the same time I feel nauseous;
- The body feels an increased need for drinks, especially coffee, tea and soda.
Why is low blood sugar?
This condition can occur in an absolutely healthy person. And it is not always possible to determine the reasons for the indisposition, and to take the right measures. Therefore, it is important to know what can cause a drop in sugar:
- prolonged malnutrition, diets, as well as non-nutritive and poor in nutrients, especially carbohydrates, food;
- very long breaks between meals.Carbohydrates break down quickly, and if a person does not eat more than 8 hours, the sugar in the blood begins to decrease;
- heavy physical exertion or intensive exercise;
- frequent consumption of sweets, confectionery, carbonated beverages or alcohol, which leads to an intense release of insulin. At the same time, blood sugar drops rapidly.
What diseases can cause this condition
- The most common cause of hypoglycemia is diabetes.
- Tumors of the pancreas can also cause low blood sugar.
- Some diseases of the liver and stomach, for example, a condition after their resection or congenital enzyme deficiency.
- Diseases of the adrenal glands, pituitary, or hypothalamus, which are involved in the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism.
How to lower blood sugar at home?
Diabetes patients are often credited with drugs for regulating glucose levels. But it depends on many factors, so it is difficult to choose the right dosage. And it is important for such patients to know how to lower blood sugar at home. In this case, you can do without his sudden jumps and unpleasant consequences.To do this, the diet should include:
- oatmeal, cereals with fruit are especially useful for breakfast;
- a person needs nuts every day and not only to maintain a normal level of sugar;
- as often as possible it is recommended to add cinnamon to dishes;
- lemon well reduces the glycemic index of all products with which it is used;
- ordinary bread is better to replace whole-grain;
- Try to eat more onions, garlic and leafy greens.
What can lead to low levels of sugar?
If you do not notice signs of hypoglycemia in time and do not take action, then the patient’s condition will worsen.The brain suffers most from this, as it experiences “starvation”. Therefore, the following symptoms are added to the above symptoms:
- visual impairment;
- deterioration of mood;
- impaired concentration;
- There is a strong weakness and tremor in the limbs.
Over time, damage to the brain develops, and there may be confusion of speech and consciousness, convulsions. Often it all ends in a stroke or coma. Without treatment, death occurs.
How to avoid lowering sugar?
People with diabetes know how to properly control glucose levels.For them it is more important to be able, on the contrary, to lower blood sugar quickly. And in case of the onset of the state of hypoglycemia, they always carry with them candy or something sweet. But all the same, all drugs that lower blood sugar should be taken only after the recommendation of a doctor.And do not forget to regularly monitor its level. But relatively healthy people, often experiencing constant ailments, it is necessary to check the sugar content in the blood and to prevent its decrease. For this you need:
- stop smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages that stimulate insulin production;
- reduce the consumption of coffee, carbonated beverages and sweets;
- Avoid long periods of fasting: it is desirable in small portions, but 5-6 times a day;
- more often eat fish, seafood and foods rich in fatty acids;
- before intensive training you need to eat something that is easily digestible, but caloric.
In addition, people who often experience a state of hypoglycemia, especially those with diabetes, should limit the use of herbs and foods that greatly lower blood sugar levels.