Currently, Korean fir is very often used in landscape design. This tree is beautiful and compact. It is distinguished by amazing decorative properties.
Korean fir is able to clean the air around the perimeter of the site where it grows. This tree is known for the release of powerful phytoncids. In addition, with the help of its needles, it collects harmful impurities and substances from the surrounding air.
In Europe, this plant appeared only at the beginning of the 20th century. For landscape needs, it began to be used much later. It happened almost a century later. Even at present, Korean fir is usually sold by large timber companies. Today this tree is not very common in Russia. However, many believe that this will change soon. This is due to the extraordinary beauty and power of this plant.
According to the botanical description, Korean fir is quite a powerful and strong tree.The height of the trunk reaches 14 meters. In adult trees, it is very large. The diameter of its girth can reach 1 meter. Often for the construction of residential structures is used Korean fir. Reviews of many owners of country houses indicate that the plant is not only an excellent addition to the landscape, but also an excellent building material. As the owners themselves say, in a house built using this tree, warmth is perfectly preserved. In addition, a pleasant smell emanates from the walls.
Korean fir, care for which is quite simple, looks quite attractive. This conifer is distinguished by an elegant cone-shaped crown. The contrast of green needles with wood bark, which has a reddish tint, stands out in particular. Due to its decorative properties, the plant fits perfectly into the landscape of the site.
This plant changes the color of the needles during the whole vegetative period. At the very beginning of growth, dull yellow hues are characteristic of young branches. Gradually their color begins to darken. Thus, the branches become red or orange.Initially, they are completely naked and have only a little fluff. In the future, on the branches gradually appears needles. Needles are usually located close to each other. The needles of this plant are distinguished by curvature and increased rigidity. Its average length is about 2 centimeters. At the ends of the shoots are buds. They have a spherical shape.
In Korean fir, it is of extraordinary beauty. The needles of this plant has an exquisite emerald color. However, it is visible only from the upper side. The lower plane of the needles differs in a different color - silver. In addition, there are longitudinal resinous streaks.
They give an adult tree extra beauty. Cones have a rich purple color. They are quite large. Their average sizes are approximately as follows: width - 4 cm, length - 10 cm. There are seeds inside the cones. They are spheres having an egg shape. For seeds characteristic dark brown shade.
The main advantages
The Korean fir, according to many owners of sites, ideally fits into landscaping of a modern garden.Due to the large size of the tree, the area will be protected from the winds. In addition, it prevents the penetration of polluted air into the area. Korean fir forms around itself a certain microclimate. It goes well with other coniferous shrubs and trees. Korean fir is also very well adjacent to flowering plants and fruit and berry crops. There is another undoubted advantage that Korean fir has. Planting and caring for this plant does not require any special skills. Enough to get acquainted with some simple recommendations.
This plant is very resistant to cold. Its winter hardiness can be compared with common spruce or Siberian cedar. Korean fir tolerates severe frosts (up to -50 degrees). It also adapts perfectly to hot summer periods. Its features include drought tolerance. The plant is unpretentious to the main components of the soil and its structure. In addition, this tree can grow on heavy acidified sites and loams. In this case, it gradually ennobles and normalizes the composition of the soil.The site for this plant should be chosen very carefully. The best places for planting Korean fir is considered to be light structured soil with a large amount of organic matter, or sandstone.
Conditions of an individual garden
In this case, the best option would be growing plants from seeds. They must be obtained in the climatic conditions of Russia. Get seedlings is not difficult. For this you need to sow the seeds of plants in a suitable container. This can be done at home. Sowing should be carried out in September. Friendly shoots appear mainly in a month. You must wait until they grow to 5 cm. After this, you should make a dive. To do this, you need separate pots. Their recommended diameter is up to 7 cm. The following year, in spring, seedlings are planted by the group on the territory of one plot. Before that, they should be hardened. Three years later, Korean fir is being planted in a permanent place.
Further in the article we will discuss the varieties of Korean fir. Choosing the right variety is quite a challenge.We'll have to spend some breeding work. Currently, almost any seed of this plant can be purchased. To do this, contact one of the agrofirms. It is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the features of each species before making a final decision. It is not necessary to spend time growing a variety that does not fit into the landscape of the site or does not like its owner.
Decorative variety 1
According to its biological characteristics, Korean Molly fir is closest to the original plant species. The tree of this variety grows up to 5 m. The width of the crown in the lower part is up to 4 meters. The plant differs pleasant for a look, gentle green coloring. From the bottom of the surface of the coniferous plates cast blue and silver hues. Despite the rather slow growth (maximum 7 cm per year), this variety is very popular among landscape designers. However, the plant attracts many thanks to the early formation of an attractive sprawling crown.
Decorative variety 2
Korean silberlock fir is a cultivated variety. Its main advantages include active growth and exquisite silver needles.Now this variety is quite popular. For its cultivation, it is necessary to comply with agricultural technology and the use of special feedings. If everything is done correctly, the shoots will add 11-12 cm in height each year.
Decorative variety 3
Korean Blue Fir The Emperor is an asymmetrical or pillow dwarf shrub. The plant is characterized by slow growth and high ornamental. Young plants are originally distinguished shrub form. Over time, it becomes a tree. The variety of this fir has a short, silver-purple needles. The lower part of the needles is white. Due to the unusual color of the needles, the tree seems to be blue-gray. It is preferable to plant the variety in the sun or in semi-shaded areas with a temperate warm climate. The plant has a high winter hardiness. But at the same time strong wind can damage the needles. In this regard, it is recommended to protect the plant for the winter.
Korean fir: planting and care
Works are carried out by analogy with other plants of the Pine family. Korean fir should be planted in early spring.It is worth paying attention to the fact that this must be done even earlier than buds will blossom. Immediately after planting the tree must be sprayed daily. In this case we are talking about improving survival. The reproduction of this plant is carried out using cuttings and layering. Young trees tolerate planting quite easily. With older plants things are different.
The recommended age for planting Korean fir is in the range of 5-10 years. During this process, it is desirable to add mineral fertilizers. They must be slowly soluble. It should be noted that the tree is planted at a depth that does not exceed 80 cm. It is necessary to closely monitor the root neck. Do not allow its deep grounding.
After the planting is completed, abundant watering of the plant is necessary. This tree is considered quite freedom-loving. For Korean fir, soil moisture is of great importance. This does not mean that the plant will take root perfectly in some marshland. It is worth noting that prolonged flooding will lead to the death of the tree.
Care for Korean fir is not particularly difficult.This plant is propagated by seeds, as well as vegetatively. Sowing should be carried out in late autumn. Seeds are laid in the grooves, the depth of which does not exceed 2 cm. There is also the possibility of sowing in the spring. However, this can be done only after stratification. This process is a long-term keeping of seeds at certain temperatures. Thus their germination is accelerated.
Caring for a plant does not involve performing special manipulations. Abundant watering is required to produce about three times during the whole season. If summer is dry, spraying should be done at least twice a week. In principle, planting and caring for Korean fir is completely accessible to any gardener. Requires one-time feeding. It is recommended to hold it for 2 or 3 years after disembarkation. For top dressing it is best to use complex mineral fertilizers. The soil should be kept loose. It is advisable to get rid of weeds in a timely manner. You can resort to stimulate plant growth. In this case, this refers to the mulching of the soil with sawdust or peat.Basically, the crown of the tree is formed independently. Accordingly, she does not need additional haircut. During the autumn period, it is necessary to remove the central buds. They are located on the side shoots.
Korean fir: diseases and pests
This tree, like all other plants, is subject to them. The main factor causing the disease are temperature drops. The plant may lose its ornamental properties. In particular, it concerns the subsidence of buds and needles. In some cases, the tree may even die. Spruce-fir hermes and rot are among the most common diseases of this species. The first is similar to white bloom, which is observed on the branches and needles of the tree. In fact, Hermes implies the presence of aphids. Its larvae have long waxy hairs. Thus, visually it all looks like a white coating on the plant. Aphid starts sucking the sap from the tree. As a result, the needles turn yellow. For adult plants, this disease poses no particular danger. Nevertheless, young fir may die from it. To combat aphids, a special insecticide is used, as well as green tea, infusion of garlic or ash. The moth also frequently affects the plant. This pest is very common in the following areas:
- Western Siberia.
Silkworms can also harm Korean fir. As a result, the tree begins to dry out. In the process of becoming a butterfly, the silkworm begins to eat the needles. Then comes the turn of the bark of thin shoots and young cones.