Hunting fraction: types, sizes and classification
Unlike a predator, a man does not possess the inherent strength, speed, and endurance necessary for him to survive. However, thanks to the intellect, many samples of firearms and ammunition were created by people. One of the components with which the cartridges are equipped is the hunting shot. Using it, you can successfully hit any game. On the gun shelves to the attention of customers presents a wide range of hunting shot. It is engaged in the manufacture of many manufacturers. Information on the types and size of the hunting fraction is contained in the article.
Hunting shot is a special striking element, which equip ammunition in a smooth-bore small arms. Fraction is an integral part of the projectile, divided into several particles, the maximum diameter of which does not exceed 0.5 cm. If it is larger, then the striking element is already classified as a canister.The fraction is represented by metal balls with copper or chrome plating. Nickel can also be used. The task of these chemical elements is to prevent leading and oxidation in the receiver channel.
About manufacturing method
Fraction produced by casting. To do this, the metal is heated to the melting temperature, after which it is poured into a special copper container in which there are holes. Their diameter is up to 0.5 mm. The casting procedure is performed on a container with water. The distance between both tanks is in the range of 30-45 m. Thus, seeping through the holes, the molten metal, before falling into the water, has time to freeze in flight. The distance can be reduced if the falling particles are cooled by artificial air flow. The pellets are finally frozen in water.
Then they are taken out, dried on special tables and placed in rotating drums to eliminate irregularities. There the pellets are poured, as a result of which their shape is smoothed out and acquires the necessary outlines. The production of the shot by finishing with the addition of graphite increases and polishing is completed.
Fraction, being a cartridge projectile, performs the functions of a bullet and a grape bag. In the manufacture of the striking element for smooth-bore weapons manufacturers use lead. The choice of this material is due to its excellent characteristics, namely, large weight and low melting point. In addition, for the production of lead shot shot does not require large financial investments. However, the lead is soft, as a result of which, when it hits the target, the pellets are deformed. In addition, this chemical element is very toxic. Manufacturers produce hot lead shot. For this purpose, antimony, tin and arsenic are added, since it was noticed that with these impurities the transformation of the pellets into spherical drops occurs faster. In addition, they are harder than a fraction made from only one lead. In states such as France, Denmark, Finland, Spain and Sweden, the use of lead-based hunting ammunition is prohibited. Restrictions are dictated by concern for the safety of the environment. In order to prevent the deformation of the pellets they are made of steel.
However, the steel shot, unlike the lead shot, is not capable of developing a speed sufficient for defeating the game, and therefore is considered less effective.In addition, judging by the numerous reviews, steel pellets can damage the barrel channel. On the modern weapons market, the plated lead shot is of the highest quality and at the same time expensive. Lead is also used as the main raw material in the production of this type of damaging element. However, the pellets provided for the presence of nickel or nickel silver coating.
Since during the manufacture of lead damaging components, containers are used, the diameters of the holes of which vary from 0.07 to 0.5 mm, shotguns on arms counters are of various sizes, which can be determined by the number of the hunting shot. When buying ammunition, it is very important to take into account this nuance, because, depending on the number, pellets have different destructive properties. Experienced hunters recommend birds such as quail, holly and sandpiper to take the shot number 8, 9 and 10. Partridge, chirik, woodcock and hazel grouse can be obtained using the pellets number 6 and 7. For black grouse, duck, wild pigeon and pheasant The best option would be No. 5 and 6. The hare is hunted with the fraction No. 1 and 2.
According to experts, with an increase in the caliber of hunting shot, more is needed to equip ammunition. For example, for a 12-caliber cartridge, the weight of which is 32 g, it is better to use 256 pellets number 6. Shooting from a 16-gauge smooth bore and a weight of 28 g will be effective if the cartridge is equipped with a six of 224 pellets. For a 20 gauge with a weight of 23 g, you will need the hunting fraction No. 6,184 pcs.
Judging by the reviews, many arrows use the 12th "Magnum", which weighs 45 g. The charge of such an ammunition is represented by 360 grain. However, according to experts, taking advantage of a large caliber, and, moreover, the “Magnum”, the hunter will have to carry more weight, since the mass of small arms and filled cartridges for it increases. In addition, recoil increases significantly, which adversely affects accuracy. Since the “Magnum” cartridges, in contrast to conventional ammunition, have a low initial speed, an overhang will reduce the firing range. Therefore, it is desirable to increase it when it is necessary to increase the slaughter of smooth-bore weapons when shooting at close range.
Get more information about the physical characteristics of the fraction can be, if you understand its labeling. These products for smooth-bore weapons are:
- Soft hunting (OM).
- Hunting Hard (OT). Judging by the numerous consumer reviews, is the most purchased. High popularity is due to the great destructive power and the best crumb of pellets. Manufacturers of shotguns, using a galvanic method, apply a protective chrome or copper layer to the products.
- Sports solid (CT).
A letter is added to this designation, which indicates how the fraction was made. Thus, the damaging components of the cartridge can be:
- Katanymi (K). Possess a hardness of 11 kg / mm sq.
- Cast (L). Hardness indicator is 13 kg / mm sq.
- Stamped (W).
Also on packages with products, it is indicated which game the shot is intended for, and also from what distance you can shoot.
About Russian manufacturers
Hunting shot is made at the following enterprises:
- Metallurgical plant in the city of Staroutkinsk (cast iron battered).
- Foundry in St. Petersburg (steel).
- LLC "Rosmetall" in Yekaterinburg.
- Combine Norilsk Nickel in Monchegorsk (nickel carbonyl shot).
- Ural Shot-Casting Plant in the city of Chelyabinsk (cast lead).
- Industrial casting plant in Cheboksary (cast steel and cast iron).
- LLC Centrostal in the city of Yekaterinburg (technical steel and pig-iron).
- Sibirkomplekt Ltd. in Biysk (hunting shot with a hardness of 12.5 units).
According to experts, a good fraction should be full-weight, namely, do not contain fistulas. The body of the pellets must be smooth and firm. This is only possible with high-quality sorting. Choosing such products, the hunter can not worry about the state of the barrel channels of weapons.