How to make ventilation in the garage with your own hands?

The presence of fresh air in the room - a guarantee of human health and productive work. And it concerns not only the office or at home as a whole. This also includes spaces such as a basement or a garage. Especially the latter, because many motorists can spend there day and night, doing their "favorite". And the presence of raw and stagnant air can not only adversely affect the health of the owner, who is staying there, but also the equipment as a whole. It is in order to ensure the flow of freshness and eliminate harmful impurities, and need ventilation in the garage. It is worth noting that sometimes the absence of this system can also harm the food stocks stored in the room (in the event that the garage is used as a cellar).

Example of a combined ventilation with a long duct

From the material below you can find out the following:

  • types of ventilation systems for the garage;
  • on the requirements for which they are established;
  • what materials are needed for work;
  • how to make ventilation in the garage.

What is SNiP

Before mentioning several requirements that act as the main reason for installing a ventilation system, it is worth explaining what this abbreviation means. SNiP, or Construction Norms and Rules - a system of regulations adopted by the executive authorities. They affect the technical, economic and legal aspects of life and regulate the process of urban planning, architectural and construction design and construction itself as a whole.

Requirements

So, under what conditions can a garage ventilation device be produced? According to the rules, this room also requires the installation of this system, even regardless of the presence or absence of heating. It is determined by the following criteria:

  • the temperature inside should be above +5 degrees Celsius;
  • air replacement should occur at least 6 times per hour;
  • 10 centimeters from the diameter of the duct system should be in the 10 square meters of the room;
  • for an hour at least 180 cubic meters of air should flow into the room.

What is the installation of this system?

Before you make ventilation in the garage, it is necessary to clarify what functions should be performed by it? Among them are:

  • Increased rate of removal from the room of moisture brought along with the car. This helps prevent the development of corrosion.
  • Creating conditions that are not suitable for the formation of condensate on various parts, furniture and walls.
  • Support comfortable indoor temperature conditions.
  • Removal from the room of harmful and hazardous exhaust gases and chemical compounds.

Nuances

Installing an air ventilation system implies some financial and documentary problems. Among them, the most common are:

  • Self-installation of ventilation in the garage is quite complicated. Carrying out installation and construction work alone can lead to unsatisfactory quality of the final result or to unexpected problems during the work.
  • It is necessary to understand the project documentation.
  • It is necessary to take care that absolutely all parts, tools and materials necessary for the work are acquired.
  • The cost of the installation of ventilation in the garage and its subsequent operation and maintenance are quite high.
  • It is necessary to regularly perform mandatory maintenance procedures. Otherwise, the equipment will quickly become unusable.

Required materials and tools

Before you start work, you should make sure that you have all the necessary items listed below:

  • Bulgarian;
  • perforator;
  • pipes, selected in accordance with the size of the room;
  • high-quality sealant;
  • lattices;
  • fan in case of installation of a forced system (see below).

ATTENTION! When creating air inlets and outlets, remember that they must not be opposite each other!

Varieties of ventilation systems

Depending on how air circulation is provided, categories of systems are defined. Before you make ventilation in the garage, you must choose one of its types:

  • natural;
  • combined;
  • forced

Natural

It is a fairly simple view of a system operating from the effects of wind on the building in which it is located, as well as from the pressure of gravity.

Principle of operation:

  • under the pressure of the wind, fresh air enters the room through the system;
  • because of its gravity, it immediately descends downward, thus pushing upward flows of discharged air;
  • being lighter, it rises to the ceiling and goes out through the ventilation holes.
Simple ventilation system

It should be noted that at the present stage of development of processes and methods of construction this type of system is practically not used.

pros

Among the positive aspects of this type of ventilation system can be identified:

  • financial savings during installation and subsequent maintenance;
  • no need to purchase third-party equipment and components;
  • this type of ventilation does not consume electricity at all;
  • the room is free from external noise that appears when other variations of the systems work.

Minuses

The negative aspects of such a system include:

  • low level of air exchange;
  • the dependence of the system on the degree of influence of external natural factors;
  • accordingly, unstable work;
  • strict limitation of the duct length parameter.

Installation

Next will be a step-by-step instruction on the installation of the ventilation system:

  • It is important to remember that when installing ventilation in a garage, calculating the area is of paramount importance. Here everything should be done strictly in accordance with the rules. Thus, if, say, a room has dimensions of 6 x 3, then the diameter of the ventilation holes should be 27 centimeters.
  • Using a perforator, you need to create a ventilation hole in the place where you plan to install air ducts. The height at which this work is done should not be less than 10 or 15 centimeters from the floor.
  • On the wall opposite to where the air inlet hole was installed, a connector is made for the outlet pipe. It is produced at a level not lower than 10 centimeters from the floor.
Two-way ventilation pipe
  • Installation of pipes for ventilation in the garage. It must be taken out of the roof of the room and placed as high as possible for the most intensive exchange of air. The height of the pipe must be at least 50 centimeters above the surface.
  • At the end of the installation of all necessary parts, it is necessary to seal up the gaps between the walls and pipes with a sealant. Outside openings should be closed with gratings. This will help protect the room from the penetration of various rodents.In order to prevent precipitation from entering the ventilation system, special caps are installed on the pipes.

The result of the installation of a natural ventilation system in the garage with their own hands - in the photo.

garage door ventilation system

Combined

This system is somewhat different from the previous one in that, in addition to the basic design, it also has mechanical elements to ensure stable operation. The functioning of the combined ventilation system is practically no different from the natural variation. The main difference is that, due to the presence of mechanical components, the air will enter the room and will be removed, regardless of the direction and strength of the wind.

pros

The positive aspects of this system in some way repeat the advantages of the natural:

  • financial savings during installation and subsequent maintenance;
  • no need to purchase expensive equipment and components;
  • This type of ventilation consumes very little electricity.

Minuses

The negative aspects of such a system include:

  • lack of specialized filters for air purification;
  • combined ventilation is started manually, which is a sufficient inconvenience;
  • due to contamination of channels in the absence of filters, the temperature in the room in winter will be low

Installation

  • To calculate the diameter of the air intake and exhaust ducts in accordance with the instructions to the previous ventilation system.
  • Using a perforator, make air vents where air ducts will be installed. The height at which this work is done should not be less than 10 or 15 centimeters from the floor.
  • On the wall opposite to where the air inlet hole was installed, a connector is made for the outlet pipe. It is produced at a level not lower than 10 centimeters from the floor.
  • Install fans in the air inlet and outlet connectors.
  • Remove the pipe over the roof of the garage and place it at a level not lower than 50 centimeters above the surface.
  • At the end of the installation of all necessary parts, it is necessary to seal up the gaps between the walls and pipes with a sealant. Holes outside, closed with gratings. Install protective caps.

The result of the installation of combined ventilation in the garage is shown in the photo below.

Combined ventilation example

Forced ventilation

Also known as mechanical. This system eliminates all the shortcomings of the first two options, ensuring the most efficient air exchange in the room. The system installs 2 independent nodes in the form of exhaust and intake ducts. In each of them is placed on the electric fan. Class and power are determined by the volume of the room. This design allows mechanical ventilation to perform independent work, as well as to heat the room up to +5 degrees.

pros

Today it is the most common and frequently used variety. In its use, you can highlight the following advantages:

  • The operation of this ventilation system in the garage does not depend on environmental factors. Thus, the circulation occurs automatically, despite the strength and direction of the wind.
  • Due to its composition and device, mechanical ventilation can not only clean the air in the room, but also heat it or cool it.
  • Flow rate adjustable. You can make it faster or slower, depending on the expected result.
  • Incoming and outgoing air pass through pre-installed filters.

Minuses

At the same time, this ventilation system has negative moments.Among them are the following:

  • rather high cost of equipment;
  • as the system works independently, it regularly consumes electricity;
  • depending on how many elements are present in the ventilation, it will be determined how difficult the equipment installation process will be;
  • In this variation, there are parts that work independently and regularly, therefore, they will be much faster and more often fail;
  • in winter, air inlets and outlets may be blocked by frost.
Mechanical ventilation

Installation

It is worth remembering that the installation of mechanical ventilation in the garage with your own hands is a rather risky business due to the high cost of equipment. That is why it is worth being extremely attentive and cautious. It is advisable to use additional help.

  • And so, for the beginning, holes are being prepared in which channels for air inlet and outlet to the room will be installed. Since the ventilation is automatic, the openings may be at the same level as the main equipment. This is approximately 2 meters from the floor.
  • At a height of 2 meters from the ground installation of the heater is installed, which will heat the incoming air.
  • Steel ducts are mounted along the walls, which will integrate the heating modules. The height must be the same as that of the rest of the equipment.
  • A two-sided fan is installed in the exhaust duct, equipped with a special sensor.
  • Put the pipes on the roof. The height must not be less than 50 centimeters from the surface.
  • Installation of a protective cap.
Ventilation tube

Results

In this material were given examples of the installation of proper ventilation of the garage. How to place it in your workplace, you can decide for yourself. However, you should not install complex ventilation systems yourself. This may result in damage to the equipment or unpleasant consequences. Good luck!

Related news

How to make ventilation in the garage with your own hands image, picture, imagery


How to make ventilation in the garage with your own hands 48


How to make ventilation in the garage with your own hands 7


How to make ventilation in the garage with your own hands 52


How to make ventilation in the garage with your own hands 48


How to make ventilation in the garage with your own hands 83


How to make ventilation in the garage with your own hands 99


How to make ventilation in the garage with your own hands 64


How to make ventilation in the garage with your own hands 6


How to make ventilation in the garage with your own hands 82