Hirsutism in women? We will help you!
Oddly enough, but unwanted hair is not as safe for its owners as it seems. Undoubtedly, the hair itself, even when it covers the face, back, stomach, arms or legs in solid rows, will not cause any harm, perhaps moral, but you should be disturbed by the reasons for their occurrence. In modern medicine, there are two concepts that describe excessive growth of hair: hypertrichosis and hirsutism in women.
Difference of hirsutism from hypertrichosis
Hypertrichosis is characterized by excessive hair growth in places where it is the norm, given the age, gender and ethnicity. Hirsutism in women is the growth of rod hair in girls by the male type. Such hair is long, hard and dark, in contrast to the downy - short, soft and slightly colored. For male type of hair growth is characterized by the appearance of hair on the upper chest, abdomen and back, as well as on the chin.The appearance of hair near the nipples, in the lower back and abdomen, on the legs and arms is normal. But remember that talking about hirsutism is possible only in relation to a woman.
Where in women normally grow rod hair
First of all, rod hair grows on the eyebrows and scalp. Such hair is associated with the action of androgens and grows on the pubis and in the armpits. Hair growth on the forearms and legs is not associated with the effects of male sex hormones. Hair on all remaining areas of the body are regarded as hirsutism.
What causes hirsutism
This condition of a woman is usually accompanied by many complications and consequences, among which, besides hirsutism itself, miscarriages, metabolic disorders, menstrual disorders and even infertility are called. Depending on the age, the clinical manifestations of the disease can also develop - from lengthening and menstrual irregularities to the lack of ovulation, along with all sorts of metabolic disorders.
In addition to violations of childbearing and sexual functions, hirsutism in women can lead to the development of pathologies not only of the genitals.This condition increases the risk of cancer of the mucous membrane of the uterus or mammary glands, myocardial infarction, arterial hypertension or diabetes mellitus. Doctors distinguish several main types of hirsutism:
• genetic or familial hirsutism;
• hirsutism as a result of increased levels of male sex hormones;
• idiopathic hirsutism;
• drug hirsutism.
The spread of hirsutism
The frequency of cases of hirsutism in our time among the adult population of the world is about 30% (excluding residents of northern countries and Asian women). It should be borne in mind that hirsutism in women does not always need to be associated with androgeny. But hair growth on the upper abdomen, chest, shoulders and back can say that in this case, hirsutism is associated with hyperandrogenism.
Treatment of Hirsutism
When eliminating a problem such as hirsutism in women, treatment will depend entirely on the cause to which it is caused. Often use drug treatment with drugs that can reduce the level of testosterone, but in some cases you may even need surgery.Hirsutism, the causes of which are the most diverse, is treated for several months or even years. Many decide to remove excess hair through a cosmetic way, but this is not entirely effective.