Guppy: reproduction, maintenance, compatibility with other fish in the aquarium
Small mobile guppies are one of the most unpretentious fish in the aquarium. It is ideal for novice aquarists. Guppies breed easily, do not require huge tanks and unpretentious in the diet. More information about these aquarium inhabitants is provided below.
History of origin
Guppies were named after their own discoverer. Robert Guppy drew attention to these fish babies in 1866. The scientist discovered beautiful and colorful fish off the northeastern coast of South America. Or rather on the island of Trinidad, which is located in the described area. Trinidad and Tobago Islands can rightly be considered the birthplace of guppies. There, in a hot climate and clear running water, once lived the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Appearance and sex differences
What is a typical guppy? It should start with its size.Males reach lengths up to 5 cm, females are larger. Their height ranges from 5 to 7 cm. The "girls" guppies differ in their parameters. If males are skinny, then females are more rounded. Another species difference is color. "Boys" are proud of their fluffy tails of various colors. And the "ladies" have nothing to boast. They are gray and inconspicuous.
Compatible with other fish
Guppies are exceptionally harmless and peace-loving fish. Therefore, they can be combined with the same calm and non-aggressive comrades. Mollies, patcilia, swordtails, neons, zebrafish, cardinals, corridors will be excellent neighbors for the lovely viviparous. Of course, about the content with goldfish, as well as large carnivores will have to forget.
What do guppies eat? These babies are omnivorous, they will eat special dry food, and eat live food. Dry fish food is best purchased from reputable manufacturers. As an option - by weight. Universal flakes will be the best diet for guppies. From live food fish prefer moth, daphnia, Artemia, Cyclops, tubule. Bloodworm should be shallow. Now in the fishing stores and pet stores you can buy it live. Stored bloodworm about a week in the refrigerator.If it is not possible to treat aquarium inhabitants with live food, then there is always an alternative in the form of frozen food.
How many times feed a guppy? One rule to keep in mind is that you cannot overfeed fish. Adults preferably feed twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. The portions should be small, and if the food is flaky, it is kneaded with fingers for the convenience of a guppy.
By the way, now there are mini-flakes specifically for small fish. They are ideal for baby guppies.
When buying dry food, be sure to look at the shelf life. If feed is purchased by weight, it is stored for up to two months. A bag of food must be tightly closed after each feeding of fish.
For those who have time, there is a homemade fish food recipe. It is presented below.
Homemade mix for guppy
Ingredients required: 450 grams of beef liver, 450 grams of dried artemia, 80 grams of oatmeal, salt - 2 tbsp. l
Cooking method. Liver of veins, pour cold water, chop thoroughly. Add salt, mix. Add artemia to the mixture and mix again until smooth.After that add oatmeal to the mass. It should make a consistency similar to pudding. Then all this wealth is laid in small jars and sterilized for 45 minutes. The mixture should thicken and become light.
The resulting mixture can be stored in the refrigerator. In the aquarium, it is up to 8 hours.
Content of fish
Despite its small size, guppies are very mobile fish. One individual needs three liters of water at least. Therefore, the minimum volume of the aquarium for 5 fish is 15 liters. And this is without regard to their fecundity. Ideally, the larger the reservoir, the better.
The water temperature in the fish house varies from 20 to 26 degrees. pH should be around 7.0. Water change is carried out once a week. Its number is 1/3 of the total volume of the aquarium.
In the aquarium must have a filter. This equipment is selected depending on the displacement of the tank. When choosing a filter, remember that guppies are small fish. And a large flow of water in the aquarium can just kill them. If the total volume of the tank is 30 liters, then you should not buy a filter of 60 liters. Sometimes sellers in pet stores claim that the equipment should be designed for a larger volume than the displacement of the aquarium. It is not, should not be carried on their beliefs.
Guppy need a primer. Preference should be given to small and dark. Be sure to have live plants in the aquarium. All sorts of houses and shelters for guppies are not needed. As decoration you can choose snags. They look beautiful and do not take up much space in the tank.
Now let's talk about breeding guppies.
Guppies are viviparous fishes. They do not lay eggs, but give birth to ready-made fry. For breeding guppies, you must have 3-4 females and one male. If space allows in the aquarium, the number of males and females can be increased. The "men" guppies are competing with each other for girlfriends, so they need to be watched.
Reproduction of guppy fish is available even for a beginner. When a male begins to pursue a female tirelessly, this is a clear sign that the process is running. By the way, spawning is stimulated by adding fresh water to the aquarium and increasing the temperature by 2-3 degrees.
Fertilization takes place internally. Sperm is inserted into the female's genital opening with the help of the male gonopathy This is a coiled anal fin of a sexually mature male. Future mother bears offspring for 28 days.And then the fun begins.
Preparing for childbirth
Guppy breeding is a rather interesting process. As soon as it becomes clear that the female is waiting for offspring, she should be transplanted from the common reservoir. How to understand if guppies are pregnant? The lady acquires a rounded abdomen, and a dark spot grows near the lower fin.
So, the fish is deposited in a separate container. The best option for future genera will be a small aquarium with dense vegetation. Plants for breeding aquarium guppies are very necessary. More precisely, they are needed for the newly born stuff. The fry hide in the water jungle from their own mother. The latter is not averse to lunch for children.
How does guppy breed in the aquarium for this business? Mommy starts to get nervous and fussing. She is trying to find a secluded place in the aquarium. The dark spot in the lower abdomen becomes quite large. If you look at the female from below, the huge sides will become clearly visible.
The birth process itself begins either late at night or early in the morning. And it lasts for several hours. As a rule, 2-3 hours. Fry are born very mobile.
Reproduction of aquarium guppy fish does not end with the birth of a female. After the process, the mother must be returned to the general aquarium. Otherwise, most of her offspring risk being eaten. Guppies do not disdain to eat their own kind. That is why the fry can not be kept in the general aquarium. They will definitely become someone's dinner.
In a separate aquarium, kids are hiding among the plants. And the fate of dinner does not threaten them.
Reproduction of guppies and care for newborns requires care. This is especially true of food for fish kids. In the first three to five days of life, the baby will have to be fed around the clock, without turning off the lights in the aquarium. Feed must be alive. For the first food fit "live dust". This may be Artemia, rotifers, nauplia, Cyclops. In the absence of these feeds fit microworm.
If you have to replace the live feed with a mixture, it is better to give preference to specialized feed for fry produced in Germany. You can cook food for kids and yourself.
Homemade food for fry
Reproduction and maintenance of guppy fry is a very interesting activity.And why not cook real homemade food for the "fruits of your own labor"? Moreover, it is not difficult at all.
What can be offered to youngsters from homemade food?
Sour milk This product is an excellent replacement for live food. A little yogurt pour boiling water. When the milk protein is curtailed, it is caught and washed. Then the net with the clot is lowered into the aquarium to the fry and slightly shaken it. A cloud of small particles of feed should appear. You should not worry about spoiled water, sour milk does not spoil it. A ready-made "dish" can be stored for several days in the refrigerator.
Yolk. You need to boil a hard boiled egg. Then a piece of yolk is taken, ground in a spoon of aquarium water and given to fry. Egg spoils the water, so this recipe is resorted to in extreme cases.
Omelet. Two raw eggs are mixed with crushed nettle or oatmeal - 2 tsp. Dilute 100 ml of hot milk. When the mixture has cooled, give it to the kids. Leftovers stored in the refrigerator for no more than a week.
Cheese. Non-sharp varieties of cheese rubbed on a fine grater. Melted cheese is dried and also rubbed on a fine grater.
It is important! Feeding fry homemade food and dried "products" is allowed only a short amount of time. The first two weeks of life in newborn fish - the most responsible in terms of feeding. If the babies do not get a balanced diet, they will not become bright and beautiful. In addition, there may be problems with the collapse of the tail. Guppy breeding doesn’t require much, but feeding the fry is the most difficult process.
What conclusions are drawn from the article? First, how the guppy breeds. Secondly, what conditions are necessary for this process. Third, how are the fry fed?
And of course, it is always worth remembering that proper care, timely feeding and maintaining cleanliness in an aquarium is the key to a full life not only for guppies, but also for any aquarium fish.