Gout on legs: a disease of age or excess?
Gout is the result of violations of purineexchange in the body. Purines in more or less quantity are always present in the diet of any person. The greatest content is observed in animal products and in alcohol. Entering the food into the body, the purines are converted to uric acid. Gout (bone on the leg) occurs with metabolic disorders in the articular pouch of the thumb. There is an accumulation of crystals of acid, which causes attacks of terrible pain. What does gout look like? You can see the photo in this article.
How does the disease begin?
The attack of gout overtakes the patient most oftenat night, as a rule, after a plentiful feast with the acceptance of alcoholic beverages. A person wakes up from a sharp sudden and very severe pain in the leg. The joint literally blushes and swells before our eyes. The pain is so intense that healthy and strong men (usually they have gout on their legs) can barely restrain their tears. Getting out of bed without help is simply impossible.
Gout on legs: first aid to the patient
The first action of family and friends is the call of a brigade"Ambulance". To ease the condition and slightly reduce the inflammation will help obkladyvanie the painful joint with ice. If the diagnosis of "gout on the legs" has already been made to the patient, then the medicine cabinet should have a drug "Diclofenac" or a similar drug.It is necessary before the arrival of doctors to take 50 mg (one-timedose) of the drug. Doing so is necessary every two hours during the first half-day after the onset of an attack. Elimination of uric acid will contribute to a plentiful drink. These "fire" measures should significantly reduce pain. What will the doctor do? Imports intramuscularly the same drug "Diclofenac" and will issue a sick list for a period of one week. It is so much it is necessary that the gout on your legs "calm down". Another doctor will necessarily write a direction for a blood test. Today, rheumatologists have a more effective means of removing the attack - the introduction of the joint glucocorticosteroid drugs (synthetic analogues of hormones). This is the perfect medicine: the inflammation disappears in 5 hours, and even a bulletin will not be required. Injection should be done by a qualified specialist.
What is dangerous gout
The ailment is unique in that after an attack in a patientthere are no painful feelings, and a second outbreak of the disease can happen only after a year. If you treat the treatment lightly, then over time, attacks will become frequent (up to monthly), the joint will be hopelessly disfigured.A constant excess of uric acid will result inpersistent elevation of blood pressure and heart disease. The patient runs the risk of developing cholelithiasis, but it's all "flowers". "Berry" in the form of kidney failure will appear 3-5 years after the first attack of gout, because an increase in the level of uric acid will inevitably lead to nephritis. To prevent these formidable changes, you should follow all the prescriptions of a doctor and follow a lifelong harsh diet. According to it, it is strictly not recommended to eat meat of young animals, by-products and spirits. It is strictly forbidden to drink beer - it has an extremely high content of purines.