Flower Schlumberger; home care, breeding and photo
A collection of many flower growers is decorated with such a beautiful plant as the Decembrist, or Schlumberger. Taking care of this flower at home does not take much time and effort.
Despite belonging to the family of cacti, notwithstanding from the arid desert, but from the humid forests of South America. In the people, this plant is called the Decembrist or Christmas Eve. These names did not appear by chance. Ideally, a Schölumberger blooms precisely on the bright holiday of Christmas. However, zygogacus are so unpredictable plants that they can pick up buds not only in spring, but also in the middle of summer. Yet, some gardeners manage to get the Christmas tree to bloom precisely on a holiday. Decembrists are epiphytic, or forest cacti. Each stem of the plant is oblate-segmented, strongly branched. Flower buds appear at the end of the segment, have a slightly hanging shape and can be of different colors. Every year there are several new hybrids of different colors.
Over the years, the Decembrist may experience such a phenomenon as stumbling of trunks. In this case, the plant does not branch well. In order for Schlumberger to not look one-sided, it is necessary from time to time to turn the opposite side to the source of illumination.
For a more lush and thick "hair" Decembrist resort to pinching and trimming. Those branches that do not branch, shorten. Since the appearance of buds is more likely on young shoots, frequent cutting will promote more rapid and abundant flowering.
The need for lighting
Bright, protected from direct sunlight, the corner is an ideal place for a houseplant such as Schlumberger. Care at home requires protection from the heat in the summer. Ideal for placing a flower will be the north, west or east window. In winter, the Decembrist will feel great on the window sill of the southern direction. However, the plant should be moved before flowering, since Schlumberger can discard buds. In the summer it is recommended to take the flower to fresh air. It should be remembered that direct sunlight can damage the plant. Under their influence the leaves turn yellow, and the growth of Schömberger is also inhibited.Therefore, the area of ambient light, for example behind the curtains, will be the best place to accommodate the Decembrist.
A zygocactus is quite tolerant of changing environmental conditions. This plant can survive a thermometer reading from two to thirty seven degrees. However, it is not recommended to abuse this feature. In order to be pleased with the abundant bloom of Schlumberger, home care should include temperature control. The best indication of the thermometer is the range from eighteen to twenty-five degrees.
The plant of Schlumberger starts to form buds only in the conditions of a decrease in temperature. Mandatory is the reduction of daylight hours. In this regard, it should be remembered that in the warm season, as well as during the heating period, when the average temperature in an apartment is between twenty and twenty-three degrees, the plant will grow leaves. Flowers in such conditions are not formed or, starting to form, immediately fall down. In order for Schlumberger to bloom, home care must assume compliance with temperatures ranging from seventeen to twenty degrees.
If it is not possible to provide this mode, it is recommended to put a pots with this plant near the window, which will often open to ventilate the room. It is also allowed to leave the Decembrist on the glazed loggia before the onset of cold weather. With proper care, the grateful plant pleases its owner with a lush scattering of inflorescences of various colors, depending on the species. Such a handsome man as Schlumberger, varieties differ not only in the shape of the leaves, but also in the shade of flowers. The stores found crimson, orange, pink, white, purple and cream Decembrist. The flowering period is at the beginning - the middle of winter.
Zigokaktus Schlumberberger prefers moderately moist soil. Despite the fact that this flower is called a cactus, caring for it differs little from caring for other green pets. It is recommended to water the Decembrist with warm water, since cold water tends to damage the roots. At the same time it is necessary to avoid flooding and overdrying of the soil. Both in the first and in the second case, the root system, and subsequently the whole plant, withers away. From the moment the buds appear, it is necessary to ensure that the soil is constantly wet. To do this, increase the frequency of irrigation.From late April to September, during the period of active growth, the root system needs moisture only as the soil dries out. Since September, watering is reduced, and the plant is moved to cool conditions. In the hot period, the Schlyumbergera cactus evaporates more moisture from its leaves. In this regard, it is necessary to additionally spray it with soft water. From time to time it is recommended to arrange a warm shower for the Decembrist. All these measures in the complex will benefit the plant.
In order for Schlumbergera to grow well, caring for her should include regular feeding. From February to October, it is recommended to bring nutrients into the soil once every two to three weeks. When the plant begins to collect buds, fertilize should be special formulations for flowering.
For good development and lush flowering plants such as Schlumberger, care in the home should involve the organization of the rest period. At the end of flowering before the beginning of the growing season, the plant is placed in a cool place with a lower temperature and significantly reduce watering.
As the flowers grow, the Schlumberberger needs a larger pot.From early March to late April, until the formation of new leaves began, the plant is transplanted into a new pot. In this case, the flowerpots should be wider and not very deep. It is advisable to purchase a special ground for cacti in advance. Before planting on the bottom of the pot a good layer of drainage is laid out.
The Decembrist can be grown from seed, but this is a rather troublesome affair for newcomers to floriculture. In order to get a young plant, it is enough to plant a cutting with two to three segments. Schlumbergera perfectly rooted in water, moist soil with the addition of verticulite or perlite.
Indoor floriculture includes the three most common types of Decembrist: Schtumberger Gertner, Schrumberger truncated and Schlumberberger Boucley. The first variety is a large-sized plant with a variety of leaf-like segments of six to seven centimeters. Blossoms in bulk of red-orange bells with pointed petals at the edges. The second class has a distinctive feature. The stems of Schmooterberger truncate are composed of a number of leaflike segments with sharp teeth at the edges.The flowers are two-sided symmetrical, the central tube is beveled, and the petals are bent back. Shades are presented in a wide range of colors: white and pale pink, lilac and purple. The third variety is a construction of small light green segments with weak protrusions at their edges. The flowers are radically symmetrical, have a purple-pink shade.
If the Decembrist began to wilt, die leaflike segments, spots of yellowish-red shade appeared, it means that the plant struck a red flat tick. Excessively dry air in the room contributes to the appearance of the pest. Violation of conditions can lead to fungal and bacterial diseases.
Under direct sunlight, Schlumbergera becomes dull, the color of the segments becomes pale. It can also be a sign that the root system has begun to rot. The reason for this could be the lack of regular watering, and the defeat of pests.
If Schlumberger began to drop buds, segments, then the air temperature is very low.Inadequate watering, root rot and pest damage can also contribute to a similar plant response.
Failure to comply with the conditions of detention, insufficient light or lack of nutrients in the soil can lead to Schmömberberger no longer bloom. It is not uncommon to defeat a shield for a plant such as Schlumberger. Photos of the pest can be seen in the special literature. A sure sign of the presence of scythophia is blanching of leaves, their drying and abscission. At the same time on their surface you can see brown specks - plaques.
If there are sores on the surface of the stem, then there is a probability of the introduction of fungal diseases from the contaminated soil. These include Fusarium, Phthium, Phytophthora. A distinctive feature of the presence of fungal spores on the plant is a strong withering, blanching. The soil is wet. In order to get rid of the disease, use a variety of fungicides.
If wet slippery stains appeared on Schlumberger, then the plant is infected with a bacterial infection. Due to the fact that the effect of antibacterial drugs is not always effective, they resort to removing the affected part of the stem.To surely get rid of the disease, cut off the healthy cuttings with their subsequent rooting, and get rid of the affected plant.
The Decembrist is a plant that, due to its attractive appearance, will fit into the interior of any room. The most successful placement will be in hanging pots, because this flower belongs to the ampel. A hanging basket or jardiniere will also be the best option for a plant such as Schlumberger. Photos of the interior, where there is this green handsome, turn out beautiful and spectacular. If it is not possible to place the Decembrist in a hanging pots, basket, or jardiniere, you can reach heights by placing a zygocactus pot on another inverted pot.