Ferry crossings: types, mode of operation. Water transport
Ferry crossings are one of the most effective ways to deliver cargo to a land plot with which there is no direct connection. The crossing is intended not only for the transportation of cars, trains and other goods, but also for passenger traffic. As a rule, this is a temporary solution to the problem, which is relevant until the end of construction and the subsequent commissioning of the bridge. At times, such transport is the most appropriate and cost-effective.
Ferry as a universal water transport
These ferries are widespread throughout the world due to the simplicity of the design.
The simplest type of ferry can be built independently, without possessing special knowledge. It is enough to stretch a strong rope from one bank to another and attach an ordinary boat to it. The design is driven by the efforts of the passengers themselves or people from the shore. Such ferries can still be found in almost any village.
A more complex design of the ferry is called self-propelled. In this case, the movement is provided by the engine, and the person is only a passenger.
These two types of ferries are intended only for the carriage of passengers, hand luggage and, as a rule, are created on the rivers. But what to do if it is necessary to ship a loaded wagon through the sea channel? For this there are sea ferries.
They have nothing to do with the river ferry. It is safe to say that this is a full-fledged ship. This type of transport has a very impressive size and carrying capacity, which ranges from 60 to 300 thousand tons.
Typically, these ferries are universal and are multi-deck. On the cargo decks are vehicles, and on the rest - the crew and passengers. On average, one such ferry can simultaneously carry up to 1,000 passengers and several hundred cars.
The path to the Crimea lies through the crossing
If the budget is very limited and does not allow to use air transport or there is a need to transport the car, ferry service is necessary. Crimea has no direct communication with Russia by land, and therefore, it is impossible to do without this type of transport.
Do not forget that the crossing during the holiday season is inevitably overloaded, so you should buy tickets in advance, as well as take care of the availability of drinking water, medicines and protection from the scorching sun rays. A very reasonable solution would be to choose the right train tickets, or rather, the most convenient time to arrive in Krasnodar. The best option would be to arrive there in the early morning, so that it was possible to get to the peninsula by the afternoon. At best, the journey from Krasnodar to the port takes about 3 hours, and the wait for the ferry is several more.
Many tourists should not make the mistake of believing that ferries are similar to urban public transport. All of them are strongly dependent on weather conditions, and if there is a storm, you will have to wait for it to end, and this may take even several days. It is not necessary to go to the Crimea by car, ferries operate not only for drivers. On the contrary, the absence of a car from a tourist gives more advantages than disadvantages, so there is no need to wait in the multi-kilometer queue.
Destination - Kerch
The Kerch ferry terminal was commissioned in the distant 1954 and has been functioning properly since then. It consists of several parts, namely, the port "Kavkaz" and the port "Crimea". Both have an established infrastructure. Automobile hubs, public toilets and small cafes, where at any time you can buy a bottle of cold water.
For a long time, the Kerch ferry service could not boast of popularity, but that all changed in 2014, when traveling through the territory of Ukraine became almost impossible. The only relatively inexpensive means of transportation was the ferry. Crimea rapidly gained popularity, and therefore the Kerch ferry went through a major modernization and re-equipment, its fleet was expanded with modern ferries.
Today, the ferry completely copes with passenger traffic, because ferries run every 30-40 minutes. There are 4 ferries of various capacity.
The average price of a ferry ticket for an adult passenger is 150 rubles, for a child from 6 to 12 years old - only 80 rubles. Unfortunately, having your own car does not reduce the price of a ticket - the minimum ticket price for a motorist is 1,700 rubles.The most economical option for a traveler is a single ticket. It includes the payment of the train, bus and ferry. As a rule, buses are immersed on the ferry out of turn, but despite this, the road can take from 4 to 24 hours, which is quite a lot.
The traveler must understand the specificity of the work of such an object as the Kerch ferry. The mode of operation is round the clock, but there are time slots. That is, the time intervals during which the ferries are being shipped. In general, they all go once per hour. There is a time slot for each ticket. In the event that a passenger is late, he can go on another ferry within 24 hours, losing his priority when loading on board.
The most up-to-date information on the operation of the ferry is on the official website of the Gospar, only there all changes in the mode of operation of the crossing are displayed in real time. Ferry crossings always depend on weather conditions. A strong wind or fog can not only change the schedule, but also completely paralyze work for a long time.