Engaged - this is what it is, the meaning of the word, especially the application
Engaged - what is it? This concept came to us from the French language and was originally associated with the attributes of high life, balls, and journalic (regular receptions). But then it acquired other meanings, and having survived to this day, it went through another transformation.
What is it - biased? Detailed information about this word, as well as about other related words with the same root, relating to such parts of speech as the noun, adjective and participle, we will consider in our article. And also consider what it is - to engage - in simple words. This will help to learn the characteristics of the word being studied.
Regarding the term we are considering, the dictionary states that the subject is a passive participle, which is derived from the verb “engage”. Therefore, it is advisable to consider the interpretation of this verb. What the word "bang" means in the dictionary says the following.
Its general prototypical (initial, serving as a model in the creation of other objects) is to invite someone to a place or to some action. And here are a number of specific examples of what it means to “engage”:
- To offer or to offer theatrical, circus troupe or individual artist engagement. That is, invite or invite them for a specified period to participate in performances, concerts, performances. (The director of the theater on the first roles engaged not only a very cute, but also a talented young actress.)
- Invite or invite a girl (woman) to dance. (I didn’t manage to finish the waltz, and Anna was already trying to engage several brave gentlemen on the gavotte.)
- Hire or hire someone to do a job, service, or position. (Kantemir was charged - due to the lack of knowledgeable, experienced captains - to engage foreigners in the Russian maritime service.)
There are a number of additional values:
- To involve or attract, involve or involve in any business event. (In his memoirs, Boris Savinkov wrote that he considered it contrary to his revolutionary conscience to engage people in terror.)
- To incline or incline a person to something.(The British diplomats did not spare any means to engage the Danish court in the discovery of their direct thoughts.)
- Attract or attract any force in any place for any purpose. (General Skobelev was forced to engage all forces, including the last reserves, in the matter of protecting positions.)
As can be seen from the context, the verb “engage” and the participle “engaged” have a touch of obsolete words. Next, let's talk about what the word "engaged" means.
What is the difference?
What is the meaning of "biased"? To understand this, we will compare two words and find out what the difference is between them.
As mentioned above, the word “biased” is a derivative of the verb “bind”, which is two-dimensional, that is, it can form both perfect and imperfect forms. This can be judged by the above examples (“propose or propose”, “invite or invite” - the meaning of words).
But the “biased” formed from this verb has only the present tense and denotes who was invited or attracted at a given time.(The girls engaged in the ball were in high spirits.)
We now turn directly to the word "biased". It is both an adjective and a passive participle of the perfect form in the past tense. Here everything will depend on the context.
To better assimilate what has been said, we give examples.
- Adjective. The deputy’s entourage no longer doubted that he was a biased politician. - That is, it refers to the quality of the policy that he acquired as a result of the impact.
- Participle. The deputy of the regional council turned out to be a politician biased by local oil tycoons. - It is a question of action which was applied to the deputy - he was engaged.
If we talk about the policy being engaged, then the meaning of this expression, in fact, will not differ from the second example, only the time of the action being performed will be different. In the case of the "biased" action has already happened, and in the case of the "biased" it still occurs.
From the given examples it is clear that the word being studied is also used in modern speech.Since balls are a thing of the past (and girls are not engaged in dancing at the dance, but invited to dance), as the engagements were transformed into contracts, it is not used in these meanings.
But it has taken root completely in the sense of naming people who have a certain influence and depend "on a money bag." In order to promote political or business interests, they are attracted to participate in any promotions, to provide certain services ordered by the beneficiary.
Naturally, they are also beneficiaries, as for the services rendered, they receive either large cash, a promotion, a share in the business, or significant benefits.
This mainly concerns politicians, however, journalists, writers, cultural figures and artists such as directors, actors, television and radio presenters can be engaged.
We give synonyms to the considered words.
- By the verb "to bind" is: to hire, invite, commit, accept, engage, join.
- For communion "engaged": hired, invited.
- For adjectives and participles, "biased": biased, hired, biased, purchased, dependent, connected, matched.
Let us proceed to the consideration of the etymology of the word "engaged".Its roots go back to Proto-Indo-European, where the word wadh existed. It, like the Pro-German wadja formed from it, meant "bail, pledge".
From the Prague-German language, it traveled to Drevnefranksky, where it became a wadjare. And then it passed into French and settled there as en gage, which means “as a pledge”. The word engager came from him - “to hire, to pawn”, from which the Russian verb “to bind”, the adjective “biased” and the participle “biased” was formed.
Strokes to ball etiquette
At the end of the story that it is - biased, we will briefly describe the laws of the ball engagement. Although the balls were a pleasant pastime for the higher social strata, they were held in accordance with fairly strict installations. For example, it was only possible to invite a partner to a dance knowing the specific rules.
According to custom, the invitation to the girl should have been notified in advance, better early in the evening. After the lady gave consent, she became biased - as if obliged, which is connected with the origin of the word, which was already mentioned above.
At the same time, it was not accepted to refuse cavaliers to dances during the ball, it was considered a bad form. The refusal was permissible only in the case when the dance was already promised to another. According to the rules, one cavalier could claim only three dances in a row.