Doberman Pinscher: photos, breed description
Doberman Pinscher is a breed of dogs that appeared relatively recently. It began to form in the middle of the 19th century. Friedrich Louis Doberman, a brilliant self-taught breeder from the city of Apolda, was engaged in her breeding. It took him about 25 years to do this. It should be noted that the Doberman Pinscher (photos of the representatives you will see below) is the only breed that is named after its founder.
The fact is that the usual tax collector F. L. Doberman began creating the breed. He kept stray dogs in a shelter. Since he often had to travel around Germany (this was the job of the tax collector), he needed a formidable guard (it’s about a dog) who wouldn’t need special care. As a breeding material, Friedrich Doberman decided to use the wards of dogs, however, it is impossible to establish the present “tree of ancestors”, since he did not keep any records of the work done.The breeder is supposed to have used the German Pinscher, the Shorthair Sheepdog, the Pointer, the Manchester Black Terrier, the Great Dane, the Rottweiler and the Greyhound. After such a selection in the Thuringian pincher, the best qualities of all participating in the breeding of dogs were combined.
In 1894, Friedrich Doberman died, not having had time to complete the breeding work. He continued breeding Otto Geller. Not only the breeder has changed, but also the name of the breed: at first it was changed to "Doberman Pinscher", and since 1949 they decided to get rid of the word "Pinscher".
Dobermans were brought to Russia in 1902. Today, these vigilant and strong dogs are in military service, they are excellent watchdogs, in addition, they are wonderful search dogs.
Appearance and temper
The Doberman Pinscher dog is usually of medium size, has a muscular and strong build, but without being too massive. Elegant torso lines, proud and slim posture, temperamental behavior and decisive actions - this is the standard of dogs with normal anatomy. The Doberman Pinscher (photos of these recognized Apolloes are simply fascinating) is peaceful, friendly, strongly attached to family and children.As a rule, temperament, nastiness and irritability are moderate. Be sure to pay attention to the protective and combat instinct, strength of character and courage. An important value in the assessment is given to self-confidence and fearlessness while maintaining attentive attitude towards others.
Standard sizes and weight
Dogs of the Doberman breed at the withers usually reach 68–72 cm (males) and 63–68 (bitches). Medium size preferred. The length from the sternum to the ischium is on average 7 centimeters. Weight stala - from 40 to 45 kg, and females - from 32 to 35 kg. But the dwarf Doberman pinscher weighs no more than 5 kg at a height of up to 30 cm.
Dobermans have a strong and proportionate skull. When viewed from above, the head looks like a dull wedge. When viewed from the front, the transverse parietal line should be almost horizontal: taper to the ears. The line of the forehead is a parallel continuation of the line of the back of the nose, slightly rounded, falling to the back of the head. Well developed superciliary arches, while not protruding. Slightly distinguishable frontal furrow. The bulge on the back of the head is not pronounced. When viewed from above and from the front, no overloading of the side surfaces of the head is observed.The upper jaw and cheekbones slightly protrude to the side. The muscles of the head are remarkably developed.
The nose is wide, with large nostrils, almost never comes forward. In black dogs, it is black, and in brown it is lighter (this can be seen in the photo). Doberman Pinscher has a developed face, quite wide in the area of the incisors. Mouth gap ends with molar teeth.
Dobermans cheeks should be thin, but muscular. According to the standard, the lips should fit snugly against the powerful jaws so that the mouth gap is completely closed. In the dark color Doberman pigmentation is darker in relation to brown dogs.
The upper and lower jaws of the Doberman pinschers are strong and wide. Well-developed teeth should have a regular scissor bite. The dog must have 42 teeth, they are arranged according to the dental pattern.
Doberman's eyes are oval, medium in size and dark in color. The eyelids are stretched, but their edges are lowered. Brown colored dogs may have slightly brighter eyes.
Neck, Topline and Torso
Dobermans are dogs with a dry, muscular, high set, convex and elegantly extending nearer to the withers neck.Its length is proportional to the body and head. Well-formed withers form the highest part of the body. The back of the representatives of this breed is short, fairly wide and strong.
The Dobermans chest is wide, oval in shape, and the brisket extends beyond the shoulder line. Ribs bulging from the spine, but sealed at the bottom. The stomach is slightly tucked up, gracefully continues the chest. Doberman is a dog with a wide and muscular loin. Her hips are wide. In the second vertebra, the tail is stopped, continuing the topline (this is clearly seen in the photo). The Doberman Pinscher, on guard, bears him slightly above horizontal.
Front and rear limbs
The blades of representatives of this breed are set at an angle of 45 degrees. Their length is the same as the humerus. When viewed from the front or side, it is clear that the limbs are straight, muscular, with massive bones. When moving elbows pressed to the chest. Paws are compact, without clubfoot.
The angle of articulation of the hind limbs is balanced with the angle of the front. A slightly rounded croup is formed at the junction of the sacrum and spine. The hips are at a 90 degree angle to the ilium.They are usually wide and long, covered with well-developed muscles. The length of the leg and tarsus is approximately equal. Doberman Pinscher requires the removal of lucrative fingers, if any, of course.
Wool and care
What is characteristic of the breed? First, thick, short, smooth and tough wool. Secondly, fawn, blue, red, black and tan or black color. Most of the representatives are above the eyes, on the paws, chest or face there are small spots of red color. Shed medium. The breed Doberman Pinscher needs minimal care. To reduce hair loss, it is enough to periodically clean the dog or wipe its fur with a damp cloth. To prevent the loss of teeth, you need to carefully monitor the oral cavity. Claws must be cut periodically. It is not recommended to bathe or clean Doberman with dry shampoo. The most characteristic diseases of this breed include Wobbler syndrome, abdominal distension, Von Willebrand disease, hip dysplasia and congenital heart problems. A prerequisite for maintenance is a warm climate.
Doberman Pinscher is easy to learn, but for this he must have an active owner.To prevent such evils as timidity, shyness and aggression, the dog is carried out early socialization. In no case are despotic methods used for this. The best results can be achieved with hardness, consistency, justice, and, of course, respect for the dog. The Doberman Pinscher shows his superiority in such disciplines as shuttshund, police work, search and rescue, obidiens and canistherapy.
Let's talk about the main disadvantages of the breed. These include:
- Bulge of the forehead and back of the nose.
- A sharp or, on the contrary, almost imperceptible transition (fracture) from the forehead to the muzzle.
- Head too short.
- Strongly extended muzzle.
- Incorrectly set ears.
- Thick lips.
- Flaws in the teeth (lack, undershot, pincer bite, overshot).
- Oblique, deep-set or protruding eyes.
- Long, hunchbacked or sagging back.
- Barrel-shaped, narrow chest.
- Hocks may be turned out or too close together.
- Seed, wobble or bound step, amble.
- Too long and wavy coat.
- The presence of light, clearly not demarcated, darkened tan, white markings.
- Cowardice, timidity and nervousness.
Doberman Pinscher: puppies. What to feed?
At the age of one month puppies are fed about 6 times a day. During the day, the little Doberman should eat 100-250 g of meat, egg yolk, 400-500 g of milk, about 150 g of cottage cheese, 70-100 g of cereals and 130-150 g of vegetables.
The frequency of feeding 2-3-month-old puppies is reduced to 3-4 times, but the amount of food should increase. The small Doberman meat should be eaten 100 grams more, and 50 grams of vegetables and cereals. As for milk, its quantity should be reduced by 100 ml. A 5-month-old puppy is fed no more than 3 times a day. He should eat 500-600 grams of meat per day, a whole egg, 200 grams of cereals, 150 grams of vegetables (preferably cabbage), 0.5 liters of milk and 0.5 kg of cottage cheese.
The daily ration of a one-year-old dog includes 700 g of meat (once a week it is desirable to replace 750-800 g of fish), 0.5 kg of cottage cheese, 300-400 g of cereals and approximately the same amount of vegetables.
Feeding an adult dog
The favorite food for Doberman is meat, of course. The daily rate of this product is 0.5 kilogram. However, during active workouts, the amount of meat is increased to 1 kilogram. It is better to feed Doberman raw lean beef, but first you need to pour it with boiling water. Due to the rough and wiry structure of the meat, the work of the gastrointestinal tract is activated and the jaws are strengthened.
It is extremely useful for Doberman kefir, yogurt, raw eggs, omelets and cottage cheese. Be sure to in the diet should be sea fish. Representatives of this breed need food rich in fiber. Therefore, feed your dog with millet, rice, buckwheat, oatmeal or bran.
Affectionate companion - dwarf Doberman Pinscher
Those who need a faithful and affectionate friend should definitely pay attention to the miniature pinscher. This miniature dog came to us from Germany. Pintechrs like the fresh air, although they feel great in a cramped apartment, although in this case daily walks are mandatory. If you follow all the rules of care, the representatives of the breed can live more than 15 years. This mini Doberman pinscher will weigh a maximum of 5 kilograms, and its height will not exceed 30 centimeters.