District coefficient by regions of Russia. District Wage Ratio
The regional coefficient is a concept well known to the older generation, but the younger one is not so well known. Does it still exist, how it is in different regions of Russia, why it is needed and much more - read the article.
What is the district coefficient?
We are proud of our country that we have such a huge territory. Several time zones, different climatic zones - we are truly a unique country. But this is where the regional coefficient for the regions of Russia is, perhaps, the attentive reader will want to ask a question?
About the climatic zones was mentioned for a reason. What do you think, are the citizens of Russia equally comfortable in the Krasnodar Territory and, for example, in Surgut? How much clothes do they need, how intensely do they need to heat the house? The cost of fruits and vegetableswill it be different or will it be the same? How does climate affect health? Do you need to make the same amount of effort in order to recover from work in places with harsh climatic conditions, especially when it comes to rotational work?
Difference in the standard of living
Of course, the difference will be very significant. People who live in areas with a harsher climate are required to spend more money on clothes and utilities. Fresh vegetables and fruits are cheaper, of course, where they grow, and not where they are delivered on airplanes. So it turns out that for the same wage, for example, a teacher can get a radically opposite quality of life. Quite comfortable in a warm climate and on the verge of survival - in the harsh.
In order for people to come to terms with the climate, so as not to provoke mass migration to warmer lands, at the state level, measures were designed and implemented that should help level the difference.
To each according to his needs!
Not literally, but in a certain sense it was precisely this task that the district coefficient was intended to solve.Wages were increased by a certain state-established percentage to compensate for differences. Therefore, the total wages in the northern areas are higher than in the southern ones. But if you recalculate for services and goods that can be purchased, then the standard of living is on average the same.
Only it is necessary to take into account that the concept of district coefficient exists only for employees of budgetary institutions. In commercial organizations, the payroll system is built on completely different principles, namely, market laws. A specialist earns a lot or little; it does not depend on the indicator of a thermometer outside the window, but on professional value. Although it is still necessary to formally observe the accrual of the northern coefficients in commercial organizations, otherwise it would be a violation of the norms of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, for which punishment will follow.
District coefficients and surcharges
In addition to the ratio with which you have already met a little, there are still various surcharges. Let's deal with them now. The size and procedure for the appointment of allowances are governed primarily by the Labor Code of the Russian Federation.In addition, there is a law from 1993, which is popularly called the "law on northern allowances." And there are also instructions from the Ministry of Labor, which prescribe in detail the procedure and mechanism for calculating incentive payments.
The regional coefficient for wages is assumed regardless of the employee's experience. It is charged simply on the fact of work in a particular region. Also, its size is unchanged, it is established by law at a certain level and no longer changes.
The Northern extra charge is a payment for which the experience of the employee matters. An additional 10% of the salary begins to be charged after half a year of work, then an increase of 10% for each subsequent half a year. It is easy to calculate that it is enough to work for five years in the conditions of the North, so that the premium would be 100% of the salary. But this is true only for the regions of the Far North. For the rest, the calculation scheme is slightly different. Up to 60% of the premium increase for every six months of experience, then the accrual is also 10%, but you need to work out for a year. The maximum amount of such a premium may be only 80%.
If the terrain is considered to be equivalent to the Far North, then the maximum size is 50%. There are also other regions where a similar surcharge is provided, but cannot exceed the threshold of 30%.
At the level of the subject of the federation it is possible to increase the size of allowances and incentive payments, but in fact this happens quite rarely.
The surcharge is charged only on regular payments, on individual it does not apply.
Coefficients by region
The regional coefficient for the regions of Russia is different:
- Islands belonging to the Arctic Ocean - 2;
- The Republic of Karelia - 1.4–1.15;
- Komi Republic - 1.6-1.2;
- Arkhangelsk region - 1.4–1.2;
- Nenets Autonomous District - 1.5-1.4;
- Volgo-Vyatka district - 1.15;
- Ural District - 1.15-1.2;
- North-West region - 1.5-1.15;
- East Siberian region - 1.2-1.8;
- Far Eastern region - 1.2-2.
Interesting happened with the Novosibirsk region. Here, the regional coefficient for wages is set at 1.2, at the local level it was made 1.25, but it can be applied only to those organizations whose source of funding is the local budget. For the calculation of hospital and other benefits you can use only the coefficient of 1.2.
The rules of calculating the coefficient
Regional coefficients by region are charged at the place where the employee actually performs the labor activity. If there is a certain parent organization with a network of branches in different regions, then the salary of employees will be different depending on the region in which the particular branch is located.
The northern allowance is calculated on the basis of the wage rate without the northern coefficient, this is done in order to prevent duplicate charges.
All employers, not only state organizations, are obliged to charge coefficients and surcharges. This is strictly followed by the labor inspectorate.
How to calculate the district coefficient?
Let's look at a specific example. There is a company with a head office, which is located in Moscow. In addition, there are branches in the Altai Territory, Novosibirsk Region and Irkutsk. In each branch accountant works with a salary, according to the staffing, 10 000 rubles. How much will an accountant earn at each branch?
For the Novosibirsk region, the coefficient is 1.2, for the Altai Territory, 1.25, for Irkutsk - 1.3. It turns out that in the Novosibirsk region the salary of a branch accountant will be 12,000 rubles, in the Altai Territory - 12,500 rubles, in Irkutsk - 13,000 rubles.As you can see, the regional coefficient for calculating the amount of wages changes significantly.
Will the district coefficient be canceled?
Every year, conversations and excitement begin that they want to abolish the district coefficient. By the way, the regional and northern coefficient is wrong; the regional (northern) coefficient and the northern premium are correct.
A number of benefits over time has really been canceled. For example, until 2005, there was a benefit for young professionals who chose a terrain with a harsh climate. To obtain the allowance it was enough to live more than five years in the North. Now there are no such conditions for young specialists.
Why is this question constantly raised? This is due to the fact that the rules for calculating allowances and compensations were developed a very long time ago, even during the existence of the Soviet Union. For commercial organizations, such charges have long become a formality, in reality, however, they no longer have a stimulating effect. It is only about revision. The inadvisability of a complete abolition of benefits and compensation is obvious.