Diseases of red-eared turtles: symptoms and treatment (photo)
Red-eared turtles are considered to be quite unpretentious pets. However, it is very important to take care of them properly, otherwise reptiles can get sick and even die due to the fact that their owners cannot make a correct diagnosis in time. How to understand that your favorite unhealthy? Further in the article we will consider the most common diseases of red-eared turtles, symptoms and treatment of your pets at home.
Like in humans, inflammation of the lungs in turtles occurs after hypothermia. This is a serious disease, and if it is not detected in time or treated incorrectly, it can be fatal. Symptoms of pneumonia can be recognized in a day. Owing to the disease, red-eared turtles will constantly pull to the land or float to the surface of the water, since they will not be able to dive anyway.
It is possible to treat pneumonia both in the medical way, and folk remedies. It is better, of course, to use these two methods in a complex.It is worth noting that during treatment, one cannot do without intramuscular injections, but only the veterinarian can determine the optimal dose of the necessary medication (as a rule, it is “Baytril”, “Amikatsin”). Independent calculation of the amount of the drug can not only harm your darling, but also lead her to death altogether.
Folk remedies for pneumonia
The turtle turtle, diseases and treatment of which depend entirely on the quality of its care, can recover rather quickly. To do this, in addition to the injections, apply more traditional healing methods. The easiest way is to make a warm, but by no means hot, solution with chamomile flowers. First you need to hold the turtle over the steam, and then place it in the liquid for about half an hour. During treatment, whatever it is, you need to constantly ensure that the water temperature is optimal. With pneumonia, it should be approximately 29-30⁰ C.
Eye diseases of red-eared turtles: symptoms and treatment (photo)
The most common problem encountered in these reptiles is redness and swelling of the eyes. Usually this disease is caused by an improperly balanced diet or contact with dirty water.To avoid this, you must give your pet products with a high content of carotene. In addition, do not forget about the time to change the water.
Eye diseases of red-eared turtles, whose symptoms, as mentioned earlier, are swelling and redness, can be successfully treated at home. For the speedy recovery of the pet, they are isolated and not allowed to fall into the water on their own. For only a few hours, the tortoise can be released to swim, but without full immersion.
It should be noted that complex treatment has the greatest effect. Therefore, the eyes of the tortoise are first treated with a 3% solution of boric acid, and then, as a supplement, apply an ointment with a mandatory content of the antibiotic. When the swelling and redness pass, you will need to add to the reptile diet as much as possible products that contain vitamin A.
Horny plate detachment: symptoms
Many aquatic reptiles, which include the red-eared tortoise, have diseases (see photo in this article), and even the shell can be affected. Usually they do not fall off the horn shields, although this still happens during growth.With age, this process slows down significantly. When the delamination of the plates begins again, it depends only on the wrong conditions.
Causes of horn separation can be drying, the presence of a pathogenic fungus, blue-green algae, and a lack of vitamins A and B₂. It's okay if the flap falls off smoothly, repeating the shape of the substrate. But bad things if:
● The plate has exfoliated, and cavities and small bubbles have formed in it. Such effects cause various fungal infections. If on the inner surface of the desquamated shield or on the top of a new horn plate there are brownish crusts or a gray patina, then in this case the pathogenic process can be excluded. The fact is that the fungus can live exclusively on dead tissues. The same effect will be from the introduction of blue-green algae.
● The plate is hypertrophied (thickened) and begins to peel off from the middle somewhere in the deep layers. Most often, this problem can be eliminated by proper feeding and the introduction of appropriate vitamins.
● The horn is peeled off in the same places, forming soft patches in the form of light spots.Sometimes under the shield you can immediately find the periosteum, on which there are drops of blood after wiping it with a bandage. This is a very serious problem - peptic ulcer disease, which in English literature is referred to as USD. It has a bacterial etiology, where Beneckia hitinovora and Citrobacter freundi are quite often present.
Treatment for detachment of the horny plates
In the first two previously described cases, you can correct the situation by changing the conditions of the pet. In addition, within a month you will have to add methylene blue to the water until you get a deep blue tint.
In the latter case, not only bluing is used, but also special clotrimazole ointment. If necessary, you will have to apply a whole course of systemic antifungal drugs. It is worth noting that such diseases of red-eared turtles, the symptoms and treatment of which are described just above, require more dry conditions for reptiles, i.e., they should be left without water at night.
It can be caused by a growth of reptiles, and a wide variety of diseases. Exfoliation is usually the result of mechanical damage, but can sometimes be a sign of some kind of skin disease.Red-skinned turtles are often fed the wrong way, so the natural balance is disturbed in their bodies. Lack of vitamins such as A, B₂, B₆ and B₁₂ is often the cause of the peeling of the skin. The same consequences can result from an overdose of vitamin preparations during home treatment.
It should be noted that in different types of turtles the need for vitamins is not the same. It largely depends on the age of the reptile, its conditions of maintenance and feeding. That is why the appointment of the necessary drug, determine the frequency of its introduction and the dose should only a specialist. In order to determine the true cause of peeling of the skin and prescribe treatment, you need to show your bug to the vet.
There are also such cases when the reptile begins to become stained with a bright cotton-like patina. Similar diseases of red-eared turtles can occur in other reptile species. Most likely, they are caused by fungi. In this case, it is necessary to treat all the affected skin with potassium permanganate (1% solution of 20-minute exposure).Such procedures should be carried out within 3-4 days. Antifungal ointment, for example, Lamisil can also be used in the complex. In addition, for disinfection, all items in the aquarium will have to be boiled.
Bone diseases of red-eared turtles: symptoms and treatment (photo)
Rickets, detachment of parts of the shell and its softening are due to the same reasons: poor absorption of calcium and other auxiliary microelements, as well as a lack of ultraviolet rays.
Symptom rickets is a violation of the structure and shape of the bones, as a result of which they appear thickening. Determining the softness of the bones at an early station is quite difficult, but possible. To do this, just take a closer look at the behavior of your pet. If the red-eared turtle looks sluggish and starts moving a little, these are clear signs of a bone problem. As for the softening of the shell, its symptoms are immediately noticeable. At first, its keratinous particles are exfoliated, and then it becomes quite soft and even changes its shape.
Before treating bone diseases of red-eared turtles (see photo below), you should consult a veterinarian for advice.He will help you with advice and select for reptiles the necessary complex of vitamins containing calcium and other useful microelements. This is usually “Eleovit”, “Intravit” and “Multivit”. If necessary, he may also prescribe additional treatment.
With these diseases it will be useful to introduce into the diet of a pet small fish with bones. In addition, for the prevention and treatment of any bone disease of red-eared turtles, it is useful from time to time to place them under a lamp emitting ultraviolet rays.
Other health problems
It is no secret that each of the pets requires greater attention. The red-eared turtle also needs it. Diseases of these reptiles can be very diverse. For example, in these turtles you can often notice some mucous secretions flowing from the nose and mouth. The reason for this are viral diseases, as well as a lack of vitamin A. This affects both the cornea and the epithelium in the nasal cavity.
The next symptom is swelling in the area of red stripes located on the head, i.e. “ears”. Most likely, it is otitis.The swelling may be insignificant (only a few millimeters) and large, which are measured in centimeters. The frequent causes of otitis is overcooling, less often - various injuries.
Sometimes the turtles can watch roll when swimming. Here there are two versions: either the reptile ate pebbles, which are full in any terrarium, or she contracted pneumonia. In the second case, in addition to the roll, there will also be swelling of the eyelids, as well as nasal discharge.
Swelling of the limbs most often occurs with gout. This is a serious disease that can not be run in any case, otherwise your pet will die very quickly.
Virtually all diseases that reptiles suffer from are accompanied by loss of appetite and lethargy. If your turtle has these two symptoms, then do not wait for the manifestation of others, and quickly consult a veterinarian. It is better to be safe than to let everything run free and end up losing your beloved pet.
If you have firmly decided to get yourself such a reptile, then before going to the pet shop you should ask what the red-eared turtle eats.All pets have illnesses, so be prepared for the fact that you may have to treat your pet. Do not forget that good living conditions and a balanced diet will help you to avoid many problems, as well as ensure a joyful and long-lasting communication with such a cute creature like a little turtle!