Dermatitis on the face: photos, causes, symptoms and treatment
A large number of diseases that had previously been encountered very rarely are now common. Human skin is able to signal abnormalities in the body in the form of various rashes. One such unpleasant phenomenon is dermatitis on the face, which often brings discomfort to the person. Half a century ago, this pathology was considered the lot of small children, but today it is also common among the adult population of the planet. Statistics show that twelve people out of a hundred have this disease.
Characterization and description of the problem
Dermatitis on the face, the photo of which will be provided in this article, is a disease of the skin of the face of an inflammatory nature. The disease occurs as a result of exposure to the skin provoking factors of a physical, biological and chemical nature. Dermatitis is manifested in the form of a rash and spots of red hue, which itches constantly, which brings physical and aesthetic discomfort.
There are several types of disease: contact, allergic, atopic, oral, and seborrheic dermatitis.
Causes of pathology
Dermatitis on the face in adults and children can develop for many reasons, both internal and external:
- Disorder of the external secretion glands.
- Use of unsuitable cosmetic products.
- Hereditary predisposition.
- Disruption of the hormonal and digestive systems.
- Abuse of bad habits.
- Insufficient oxygen supply.
- Improper diet and sedentary lifestyle.
- Long-term stress and emotional stress, the development of neurosis and depression.
- Chronic fatigue, VSD.
With improper nutrition, lifestyle, exposure to stress and the use of unsuitable cosmetics, dermatitis often appears on the face, the photo of which is presented above. People who have the above phenomena are at risk. To prevent the development of the disease, doctors recommend observing preventive measures: timely treat existing diseases, lead a healthy lifestyle, engage in physical activity.It swings all kinds of pathology, each of which has its own characteristics.
There are also some irritants that cause the appearance of simple dermatitis in humans:
- temperature conditions;
- friction and pressure;
- ionizing radiation;
- alkalis and acids;
- some types of plants.
Symptoms of the disease
Doctors believe that dermatitis on the face can be a dangerous disease that develops imperceptibly. Often, the first signs of the disease are like small inflammations or allergic reactions, but in the absence of therapy, it can remain in the human body for the rest of its life.
Pathology goes through three stages of development:
- The acute form is characterized by the appearance of red spots and puffiness on the face. In some cases, erosions may appear, bubbles, inside of which there is a serous fluid, they constantly itch, and with time they begin to peel off. In humans, there is pain, fever, malaise. Peeling foci are usually localized around the mouth, nose and cheeks, the skin becomes sensitive to the effects of any irritants.
- The subacute stage is caused by the appearance of scabs and scales on the skin of the face, which itch and cause discomfort.A person can develop headache, joint pain, fever. Over time, keratinization and coarse scars of a bluish tinge appear on the skin.
- The chronic form of the disease therapy is almost not amenable, it is characterized by a change in periods of remission and relapse. In this case, the dermatitis on the face manifests symptoms in the form of skin tightening, infiltration, and lichenisation. Also, a person may appear erythema blue or purple hue, swelling, atrophy and skin hyperemia, hair loss, telangiectasia.
All of the above symptoms are similar to the symptoms of many diseases, such as lupus or psoriasis. Therefore, it is necessary to pass an examination for an accurate diagnosis and identify the causes of the development of pathology. Only after this is possible the appointment of effective treatment.
Varieties of the disease
There are several types of this pathology, each of which determines the narrowly targeted causes of its occurrence. Each type of dermatitis has its own characteristics, symptoms, complexity of the course, as well as the specifics of therapy. In medicine, it is customary to distinguish contact, allergic, atopic, oral, and seborrheic dermatitis.
Often, dermatitis on the face of a child or an adult occurs as a result of an individual's response to certain stimuli. An allergen in this case can be different things, for example, plant pollen, food, cosmetics and so on. The disease manifests itself already on the fifth day after an allergen enters the body. A person may develop patches of redness, swelling, and lacrimation. In advanced cases, the development of headache, weakness, the appearance of bubbles, in the place of which scars and scars are subsequently formed, is possible. In the absence of therapy, the disease becomes atopic.
Atopic form of pathology
Atopic dermatitis on the face occurs as a complication of an allergic form of pathology. The disease manifests itself in the form of bright red spots, which are often covered with crusts. In medicine, such formations are called eczema, the disease is dangerous because in a short period of time it can turn into a chronic form.
Often in the development of the disease plays the role of heredity. It may not be symptomatic for a long time, and under the influence of certain factors it can begin to develop rapidly, especially with hormonal outbursts and severe stress.
A person in the face is observed redness of the skin, itching and burning, peeling. In this case, the eyebrows become thinner and begin to break, and the folds on the eyelids - to deepen. When mechanically acting on the pathological areas, their inflammation begins, as a result of which the skin coarsens. When scratching itchy areas, a secondary infection may occur.
Contact dermatitis on the face develops as a result of contact of skin with the allergen, for example, with a latex pillow, jewelry, cosmetics and drugs. This type of dermatitis appears for a long time, the first signs may be noticed only after two weeks from the moment of the disease. Typically, the treatment of pathology does not take much time, complications do not develop. But often the bubbles can begin to itch and peel.
This type of disease also includes photodermite, as a result of which an allergic reaction to the sun's rays develops.
Oral or rosacea-like dermatitis
Oral dermatitis on the face, photo, symptoms are described below, usually develops in people aged twenty to thirty years. It manifests itself in the form of pink or red spots in the mouth, eyelids and nose.When the weather conditions change, the spots also change color. Typically, the disease develops as a result of metabolic disorders, disorders of the nervous and digestive systems, long-term use of hormonal drugs. In the absence of therapy, the spots eventually thicken and acquire a bumpy surface. They begin to itch and peel off, causing discomfort to the person.
This dermatitis on the face, a photo in adults is placed in this article, provoked by a breakdown of the functionality of the sebaceous glands. Pathology is expressed in a strong reddening of the skin of the face, acne on the forehead, around the nose, above the lip and in the area of the eyebrows.
In medicine, these types of seborrheic dermatitis are distinguished:
- Bold, which is characterized by the formation of pustules, blackheads on the face, the skin becomes gray.
- Dry, in which the skin flakes, covered with white scales.
The reasons for the development of such dermatitis are disorders of the immune, hormonal and endocrine systems, lack of vitamins, diabetes, prolonged stress and lack of sleep.
Before starting treatment of dermatitis on the face in adults or children, it is necessary to identify its type and causes of development. During the initial examination and examination of the history, the dermatologist draws attention to the nature of the rash, the time of the first symptoms, the presence of concomitant diseases. The diagnosis is made on the basis of external examination and study of the history of pathology. It is important when studying the disease to identify the causes of its development in order to be able to eliminate them.
As an additional diagnostic measures the doctor prescribes laboratory blood tests, hormone tests, serological methods of research in the presence of co-infections. In addition, you may need to consult other specialists.
Therapy of allergic and atopic dermatitis
To get rid of this pathology, it is first necessary to eliminate the effects of the allergen. To do this, you can pass allergy tests. If the irritant cannot be eliminated, the doctor prescribes various creams that have antihistamine components, as well as ointments to eliminate the symptoms of the disease. Often used dissensitizing drugs, for example, calcium gluconate, which are used in the form of injections, as well as special solutions for washing.
Atopic dermatitis on the face treatment involves in the form of antihistamine creams and ointments, for example, "Elokom", "Trikzera" or "Solcoseryl." They contribute to the removal of swelling and inflammation, eliminate itching and flaking. A dermatologist may prescribe the “Persen” or “Tofisopam” sedatives in order to eliminate emotional stress, as well as drugs to normalize the activities of the gastrointestinal tract. Also in this case it is important to eliminate the cause of the development of allergic reactions.
Contact and Oral Dermatitis Therapy
With the development of contact dermatitis, it is necessary to eliminate the effect of the irritant on the skin of the face. The doctor prescribes antihistamines, in the presence of ulcers and blisters with liquid, corticosteroids are prescribed. An effective tool is Lokid ointment, which needs to be lubricated on the affected areas for about five days.
Oral dermatitis on the face treatment involves in the form of antibacterial and anti-infective drugs, which include penicillin or erythromycin, as well as probiotics and vitamin complexes. In severe cases, hormonal ointment is prescribed.During the period of treatment it is recommended to exclude the use of cosmetics, exposure to solar radiation. Also, the doctor recommends taking a course of physiotherapy.
Seborrheic Dermatitis Therapy
To cure seborrheic dermatitis on the face, it is necessary to take corticosteroids in small courses. The doctor also prescribes salicylic acid, antifungal and sedatives, and vitamins. Ointments for the treatment of pathology should have zinc in their composition, which contributes to the drying of the skin and the removal of inflammation.
Physiotherapy is often used as therapy. These include exposure to ultraviolet radiation, cold or infrared radiation. Sometimes cryotherapy is prescribed, in which a cotton swab with liquid nitrogen is applied to problem areas. It helps to cool the skin and eliminate inflammation. In severe cases, the doctor prescribes hormones, which are used only under his supervision.
It is also important to follow a diet. Doctors recommend to exclude from the diet, fast food, smoked meats and pickles, alcohol and fatty foods.It is necessary to eat more vegetables and fruits, dairy products.
Prognosis and prevention
Usually, dermatitis of the face, the photo, the treatment of which is discussed in detail in the article, has a favorable prognosis. With timely treatment in a medical facility, it is possible to achieve complete recovery. But it must be remembered that, having once had dermatitis, it is necessary to constantly exclude contact with the stimulus that caused the development of pathology. In the absence of therapy, the disease becomes chronic, so it will be difficult to treat. In this case, the pathology will occur regularly. Often a person in this case develops eczema, wet ulcers, peeling of the skin and other negative phenomena. Today, medicine has developed many ways to treat this disease.
In order to prevent disease, it is necessary to adhere to the rules of hygiene, monitor the condition of the skin of the face, use hypoallergenic cosmetics and creams. It is also recommended to exclude from your diet foods that contribute to the production of subcutaneous fat.Strengthening of immunity, normalization of digestion, timely treatment of various diseases, including those of a chronic nature, will help to avoid the development of pathology
If you follow all the recommendations, it is possible to avoid the development of this disease. It is important not to self-medicate, since dermatitis is a serious pathology that requires a special approach to treatment. A timely appeal to a dermatologist reduces the risk of complications and negative consequences.