Curly honeysuckle: planting and care, description, photo
Today, hedges are very popular. This is due to several factors. First, the purchase of seeds or seedlings requires much less money than with building materials or a finished fence. Secondly, nothing compares to a hedge of lush inflorescences. Thirdly, using climbing plants, you can close the unsightly wall or divide the area into zones. If we talk about the shortcomings, then the plants need constant care. This is not only pruning branches, but also feeding the plant, its fertilizer and soil care. And in the autumn, when the hedge will drop the leaves, the whole area will be clearly visible. Of all the plants that can be used as a hedge, only ivy is not deciduous.
Honeysuckle curly looks very beautiful as a hedge. The number of varieties of this plant reaches the number 200. However, all can be divided into 3 categories.Criterion will be the appearance. The first category includes varieties that look like a small tree. The second category is represented by plants in the form of shrubs. They can be both creeping and high. And the last category is represented by climbing vines.
Curly honeysuckle attracts attention with luxurious buds. Her flowers have an unusual shape. And the color range is represented by almost all the colors of the rainbow. There are bushes with delicate cream, white and golden flowers. And you can find honeysuckle with bright crimson or purple inflorescences. Any plot will acquire a special piquancy, if you plant on it honeysuckle. The description of this plant does not exaggerate its beauty at all. You can dream up and plant on your site several types of honeysuckle. During the flowering period, your site will be filled with bright colors. Honeysuckle Korolkova is considered the most flourishing. And in the fall the bush will be decorated with ornamental fruits. Fruits of some varieties are edible. Decorative honeysuckle, due to its unique flavor, can be used to design a recreation area.This plant has been successfully used both in landscape design and in vertical green architecture. From it you can create unique arches, slopes and arbors. The presence of varieties of different size and shape makes it possible to use honeysuckle in the creation of various compositions and alpine slides.
No plant has such an aroma as curly honeysuckle. Planting and care will not be difficult. The first thing you need to decide on the place. The decisive factor should be the flavor, which is the hallmark of honeysuckle. Therefore, it is advisable to plant a plant in the corner of the garden in which you spend a lot of time. For lush flowering shrubs need sunlight. However, there are forest varieties. For them, a large amount of light is undesirable. They will feel great under the arch of the tree. But the windy places do not like the plant. If you choose a climbing grade, then along with the landing you need to take care of the creation of an arch or support.
It is desirable that the earth was saturated with organic matter. Honeysuckle does not like acidic soil. During landing, you must use drainage (it may be broken bricks).If you plant not one bush, but several, then you should not locate them close to each other, but for planting it is better to use a mixture consisting of 3 parts of sod land, 1 part of humus and 1 part of sand.
If necessary, honeysuckle can be transplanted. However, do not do this during the flowering period. It is better to wait for the fall or have time to transplant in early spring. This should be done carefully so that the root system does not suffer.
Decorative honeysuckle during growth produces many shoots. Some of them begin to creep along the ground and, therefore, take root. Therefore, you need to constantly monitor the growth rate and remove unnecessary shoots.
Some varieties have high frost resistance. These include, for example, honeysuckle honeysuckle. However, most plants endure winter quite well. Not very beneficial effect on honeysuckle and spring thaw. This is due to the fact that the kidneys wake up early enough. And since it happens at the end of January, the shoots cannot stand frost. However, honeysuckle is quickly restored, shoots grow from dormant buds, which are located closer to the ground.
Curly honeysuckle often suffers from pests. The most common are the smoky moth, honeysuckle mite and spider moth. It is also prone to phytovirus diseases, a mushroom disease and powdery mildew.
You can cope with a sheet worm with the help of not only chemicals. From the available tools fit pepper, tobacco or garlic. If pests have attacked the honeysuckle, they should be harvested by hand. Only in the case of the massive nature of the attack, which is extremely rare, you need to use chemical agents. Fungal diseases develop, as a rule, if the air has high humidity. If the honeysuckle is ill with phyto-viral diseases, then it is not subject to treatment. She needs to dig and burn.
Unpretentious in this regard, curly honeysuckle. Reproduction can be carried out by all known methods. You can purchase seeds and plant them according to the instructions. And if there is an opportunity, it is better to propagate the honeysuckle cuttings. If in the case of seeds no guarantees can be given, then 90% of the cuttings take root. You can also propagate the plant by layering and shoots from the stump.
Honeysuckle should be watered 2 times a week if the weather is dry. If the heat season has not yet come or has already passed, then it will be enough to water the plant once a week. An insufficient amount of water can cause bitterness in the berries. It is highly undesirable for water to stagnate in the soil. That is why during the landing must use drainage. It is necessary to follow this moment and during watering.
Curly honeysuckle needs feeding. She needs a large amount of minerals. You also need to feed the plant before flowering. Due to the large number of inflorescences that delight the eye for quite a long period, the shrub needs a lot of strength. For this you can use a special liquid fertilizer. And in the fall, it is advisable to pour wood ash under each bush.
Like many other shrubs, decorative curly honeysuckle needs pruning. However, this should be done only in order to give shape to the plant. If edible varieties grow on your plot, pruning can slow the rate of fruit ripening.
Honeysuckle curling, planting and caring for which is not difficult, will decorate any area. Today, gardeners have about 200 varieties of this plant.Depending on the attribute taken as a basis, there are several classifications. Some are based on the shape of the plant, some on its height. There is a separation of varieties depending on the time of ripening of berries. If we talk about plant height, such varieties as Ramenskaya honeysuckle, Lakomka, Souvenir, Yulia and Kamchadalka belong to the undersized. Their height does not exceed 150 centimeters. The medium-tall ones, whose height ranges from 150 to 200 centimeters, include Korchaga, Kuminovka, Cinderella, Shahinya and Kingfisher. Shrubs whose height exceeds 200 centimeters are considered tall. Prominent representatives are the Nymph, the Blue Spindle and Fortune.
In terms of ripening allocate early-ripening, mid-ripening and late ripening varieties. Blue spindle, Princess Diana, Ulyana, Gzhel early and Roxana are early ripening varieties. Omega, Cinderella, Shahinya, Bakcharsky giant, Souvenir and Yugana are middle-ripening varieties. And later, the Kingfisher, Nymph, Ramenskaya, Bakcharskaya Jubilee, Moscow 23 and Lakomka ripen all.
Honeysuckle "Capricole" curly
This variety is unpretentious. This factor provides him with special popularity.Honeysuckle "Kaprifol" is a climbing vine. It is perfect to remove a fence or a gazebo. However, it should not be allowed to goat goats, for which there is no better delicacy than the leaves of honeysuckle "Kaprifol".
During flowering vine is covered with inflorescences, which have an atypical color. On the inside, the flowers are golden, and the outside is dark pink. The size of each bud reaches 5 centimeters in length. Unusual and petal shape. They are bent in different directions. Four petals look up, and the fifth - down. The stamens also resemble an arc. The leaves of this creeper are bluish-green.
Honeysuckle "Kaprifol" is not afraid of frost, and therefore is going through the winter easily. It is unpretentious, can survive even in conditions of rocky forests. This is due to the ability of its shoots to attach to a rough surface. Kaprifol has another feature due to which it attracts special interest. There are a number of buds on its stalk, which cannot be said about most of the plants that have only 1 kidney in their leaf bosom.
Honeysuckle curling "serotina"
This variety of honeysuckle refers to liana-like.The height of an adult plant reaches four meters. Over the course of one year, serotin increases on average by 1 meter. The flowering period falls in mid-summer and early autumn. Lush inflorescences have a tubular shape. Bright purple-red on the outside and soft cream-colored flowers inside have a delicious aroma. The leaves have the shape of an ellipse. As soon as the flowers have faded, red ornamental fruits appear on the shrub. Honeysuckle "serotina" quite unpretentious to the soil. But the place for its landing you need to choose the sun.
This variety is popular for its light pink flowers that bloom in the second half of May. The length of each flower reaches 2 centimeters. And in August decorative fruits come to replace delicate colors, the color of which can be yellow, orange or red. These decorative fruits hang on the branches for a long time. This variety is one of the most unpretentious. Honeysuckle "Tatar" can grow even in conditions of severe air pollution and drought. Thanks to these qualities, it is often used for urban greening.
This variety has a great decorative value. Its flowers are large and bright. The flowering period falls in the summer months. As soon as it ends, bright red fruits take the place of flowers. However, the disadvantage of Brown honeysuckle is that it does not bloom every year. As for the characteristics of this variety, it does not apply to frost-resistant. Therefore, in the winter it is better to hide. And when choosing a landing site, you need to know that cold winds affect Brown’s honeysuckle.
Already from the name it is clear that this variety is suitable for the design of alpine slides. This variety of honeysuckle refers to stunted. Its height does not exceed one and a half meters. During the flowering period, which is 2 weeks, the shrub is covered with yellowish flowers with a red tint. At the end of summer you can see bright red fruits on the shrub. They have an interesting shape and resemble scarlet cherries. This variety is resistant to frost and feels good in the shade. But to the soil it is quite whimsical. He needs calcareous sandy sand. You can use it to create hedges.
This species cannot be confused with any other. Maaca honeysuckle is a tall variety. The height of an adult plant reaches four meters. In early summer, his shoots are snow white. And the leaves in the form of an ellipse reach 10 centimeters in length. Along the perimeter they have long cilia. The flowering period is 1.5 weeks. At this time, the plant is covered with golden flowers. And at the end of summer and the beginning of autumn coral berries adorn the shrub. They are arranged in pairs.
This variety belongs to undersized. Its height does not exceed 1.5 meters. The flowering period begins in late spring. White flowers appear on the shrubs, which look charmingly against the background of rich green foliage. He is no less attractive at the end of the summer. It is decorated with red and orange, arranged in pairs, fruits. You can use them for clearance alleys.
Curly honeysuckle, the varieties of which are now difficult not only to list, but even to count, is an indispensable plant for creating cozy corners in your garden, magnificent arches or hedges. No wonder it is so often used for landscaping.Curly honeysuckle, whose photo does not exaggerate the true beauty of the plant, will make any site inimitable.