Cities of India: a list of the largest
Until the mid-twentieth century, India was considered a country with a low level of urbanization. Most of its citizens were villagers. The few cities, such as Allahabad, Varanasi, Delhi, Patna, were the focus of ancient culture, which arose at the dawn of civilization. In the 80s of the last century, an urban boom occurred in the country. Major cities have dramatically stepped over a million mark. New urban agglomerations have also appeared. What are the largest in size or population of the city of India? The list of such subjects we will consider in this article. Now we only say that in terms of the number of townspeople, India ranks second in the world. She is inferior in this indicator only to China.
Growth rate of urbanization
At the very beginning of the twentieth century, in a country of vast area, two thousand cities were not recruited. Now their number has more than doubled. In 1991 there were more than 4,700 of them. But not because of the number of cities, India “breathes in the back of the head” to China.Urban settlements themselves swell like a weed. Two thirds of the total population of the country live in large agglomerations. But in 1901 only one Calcutta could boast of a million inhabitants. But already in 1911, Bombay (the current Mumbai) crossed this line. In the middle of the century there were already five million people in India, in 1981 - twelve, and in another ten years - twenty-three. The country met the beginning of this century with 34 huge megacities, twelve of which had a population of over two million people. The number of cities in India, whose population exceeds 500 thousand, will soon exceed 300. Below we consider the top 5 largest metropolitan areas of the country.
The largest cities in India
The list of the greatest megacities of the country is headed by Mumbai. Previously, this city was located on seven small islands in the Arabian Sea. But now the former Bombay captures the vast mainland. The islands have long been soldered to each other with numerous jumpers. The rapid growth of the population laid the construction of the cotton factory in 1851 by the British. Then hired workers from the countryside came to the city and settled in it.Now the metropolis in the state of Maharashtra has (according to the 2011 census) 12,478,447 people. The remaining megacities, which are in the top-5 "largest cities of India", were distributed as follows. The second position is the capital of Delhi, with a population of eleven million. Then follow Chennai in Tamilnad (8,425,970), Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh province (6,809,970) and Bangalore in Karnataka (5,570,585). Even in India there are more than fifteen megacities, where there are one and a half to five million inhabitants.
Mumbai is the most populated city of India
At first, seven islands in the Arabian Sea were captured by the Portuguese. It happened in 1534. But already in 1660 they entered the dowry of the Portuguese princess who married the British king Charles II. The British in every way contributed to the growth of the city. Earthen dams all the islands were connected to each other and to the mainland. The historical part of Mumbai is located in the south. There is an old fort and the famous “Gates of India” erected in Hindu-Muslim style. The administrative districts are located on the hill Malabar. The southern islands in appearance resemble a European metropolis.In the north, the traveler will find slums, narrow streets and a minimum of infrastructure. The mainland and port part is occupied by industrial enterprises. Together with the surrounding area, the agglomeration is inhabited by about twenty million people. Thus, Mumbai deservedly received the title of the largest city in India.
During the colonization of India, the British, as a rule, built a new European part, leaving a tangled labyrinth of ancient streets to the locals. It so happened that the major cities of India consist of two clearly different halves. In Delhi, this division is particularly pronounced. This city on the banks of the Jumna for many centuries was the capital of different states. The very fate he was destined to lead and the independent republic of India. Although in 1911 the population of Delhi together with the suburbs was only 214 thousand people. Now the agglomeration has about fifteen million. Old Delhi (Shahjahanabad) is a chaotic building with shops, handicraft workshops, bazaars, Hindu temples and mosques. The main street of this part of the city is Chandi Chowk (Silver).One end of it rests on the famous Lal-Kila (Red Fort). New Delhi was built to the south of the Old in 1911 according to the design of Edwin Lutyens. It was conceived and implemented as a "garden city". Radial-circular avenues radiate from Cannout Square. In New Delhi is the government quarter of Rushtra-pati Bhavan.
More familiar to Europeans, the name of this city of India is Calcutta. The metropolis is located in the Ganges delta, at the confluence of the Hugli. The city was formed in 1690 on the site of three villages by the worker of the East India British Company Jobe Charnock. Calcutta experienced rapid growth from 1773 to 1911. Then it was the capital of the colony of British India. When Bangladesh was formed in 1947, industry, previously closely associated with East Bengal, began to collapse. And with the transfer of the capital to Delhi, the growth of Calcutta slowed down altogether. Nevertheless, it still occupies the position of the second industrial city of India. It is also the most noticeable contrasts in the standard of living of the population. More than half a million people do not have a roof over your head.
Until recently, the name of this major city in India was different - Madras. It was founded in 1639 by the British as the southernmost fort of the East India Company.The city spread twenty kilometers along the Bay of Bengal. The local Marina beach is considered one of the best in the world. Chennai, like Kolkata, is a city of contrasts. Next to gorgeous skyscrapers, square kilometers of slums huddle in whole blocks. About thirty percent of the inhabitants of this megalopolis are deprived of any sanitary and hygienic conditions. Chennai is the capital of Tamil Nadu province. It produces cars, bicycles, cars.
Hyderabad and Bangalore
These major cities of India are not alike. Hyderabad is famous for its long history. The city has many temples (Hindu, Islamic, Christian), palaces and specimens of colonial architecture. It was once the capital of the Nizam rulers who became rich in the diamond trade. They say that even their clothes were woven of golden threads and covered with pearls. Hyderabad is a recognized center of Islamic culture in the country. Bangalore is its complete opposite. It was electrified earlier than other big cities of India. And now it houses centers of high-tech companies. Because of this, Bangalore got its second name - Silicon Valley of India. A large flow of tourists traditionally rushes to this city, which is why it is also called the pub capital.