Champagne "Martini Asti": description, reviews
Italian is very popular all over the world. In this country, incredibly many varieties of sparkling drink. Italy is famous for its wineries, and trademarks that represent sparkling wine on the world market are hard to count. They are, perhaps, even more than at home champagne - in France.
This is not surprising, since Italy is ideal for growing grapes for wine production. And the special technologies for the production of sparkling drink only increase its popularity. Few will be able to give up the Italian sparkling glass. But the most famous among them champagne is Martini Asti.
A little about the company
Martini is the oldest Italian wine brand. There is hardly a corner on earth in which they would not have heard of champagne "Martini Asti". The year of birth of this brand is considered to be 1847, and it was then that Distilleria Nazionale di Spirito di Vino all’Uso di Francia was founded. After the reorganization in 1863, the name of the company was noticeably reduced to Martini Sola e C.ia.
The first alcoholic drink called "Martini" went on sale in 1864, but the first bottle of Martini Asti champagne appeared in the 1876th.
When in 1879 one of the associates, Teofilo Sola, died, the company’s name changed again, and Martini & Rossi SpA remains so now.
What is "Asti"
This is the brightest representative of the sparkling wines of Italy. It owes its name to a small town in the Piedmont region. These wines are not inferior in popularity to French sparkling wine, but the price of Martini Asti champagne is much lower.
The classic "Asti Spumante" is now hardly to be found, as they are now releasing "Moscato d'Asti". As the name implies, for making it, Muscat grapes are used, in particular Moscato di Canelli. This drink has less strength and it is not so effervescent.
When the drink appeared
At the court of the Italian duke of Savoy Karl Emanuel I served as a jeweler Giovanni Battista Croce. That it is considered to be the father of Asti champagne. At the end of the fourteenth century, he became the owner of a plot of land on which vineyards were located, and in the early fifteenth century he described in detail the technology for the production of sparkling wines. And now, based on this recipe, Martini Asti champagne is produced.
The main condition for the creation of Italian sparkling wine is that the wort is not allowed to complete the good work. That is, the fermentation process stops before all the sugar has time to ferment in alcohol. It is thanks to this that the wine is sweet, and the alcohol in it does not exceed eight degrees. Therefore, you should pay attention to the fact that there is no semi-sweet Martini Asti champagne - this is absurd! It does not exist in nature. Any sparkling "Asti", not only "Martini" can only be white, sweet and contain up to eight degrees of alcohol. Types of champagne "Martini Asti" also does not exist.
In the nineteenth century, the sparkling wines of Italy began to saturate with carbon dioxide, from which they only won - they began to buy them more often.
Introduction of innovations
Enrico Serafino - it was this man who first began to produce sparkling wine "Asti" in the form in which everyone knows him in our time. At the end of the nineteenth century, the updated Asti Mondoro was on sale.
At the moment in Piedmont several large firms producing sparkling Asti. The main ones are Cinzano, Martini and Mondoro.
In 1932, a consultation was formed, which included all manufacturers of sparkling wine in Italy. They pledged to support and protect each other in the production of sparkling drink.
"Martini Asti" - champagne or wine?
The definition of champagne is not quite suitable for Asti. Under the law, only those sparkling wines can be called champagne that are produced in the French region of Burgundy in the Champagne region. Moreover, the French never use nutmeg in the production of champagne. But these are not the main differences. The manufacturing techniques themselves vary. In the classical method of producing sparkling wines for saturation with carbon dioxide, secondary fermentation is carried out in enameled or steel tanks. But in the manufacture of Asti Spumante, this procedure is carried out directly in the bottle. Which is completely unacceptable for the classical method.
Italians call their method Sharma. It is worth noting that such production is much easier and cheaper. Apparently, therefore, the cost of champagne "Martini Asti" is noticeably lower than that of classic French sparkling wine. But this does not mean that it is quite cheap.The price is still significantly higher than that of domestic brands. Especially if we consider the sparkling drinks of such well-known brands as Martini, Cinzano and Mondoro.
As we already know, Asti is a sweet, light wine with a very pleasant aroma, which it owes to the Muscat grape variety. French sparkling wines are made from Pinot and Chardonnay grapes. Estimate this sparkling drink completely different parameters. French winemakers rarely make even semi-sweet champagne, most often they have this drink in the category of "dry" or "brut."
Grapes for champagne "Martini Asti"
Back in 1616, the White Muscat grape for its excellent taste was named Muskadello Delicately.
It is from this class and produce "Martini Asti". This variety is known all over the world, it was cultivated by the ancient Romans and Greeks. In those days, White Muscat could afford to grow the most prosperous and famous winemakers. The wine that came out of such berries was valued above all else. Only from this grape variety can you get the sweetest champagne. Moreover, only these berries, having turned into wine, give such a heady, bright aroma.
In order for the wine to turn out really high, it is necessary that the berries grow on soils with a special composition not higher than four hundred meters above sea level, but not lower than two hundred. The climate is also very important, the number of sunny days plays an important role in the sweetness of wine. It is the province of Piedmont - the most suitable place for the cultivation of white muscat.
It is worth noting that this drink is natural and natural, it contains only grape sugar. That is why such drinks as "Asti" are made from the sweetest grape varieties. Those in which the sugar content is not less than eighty grams per liter.
"Martini Asti" compares favorably with other sparkling wines in that winemakers manage to keep a bright fruity aroma. The entire production technology aims to preserve the fresh aroma and taste as long as possible.
Fermentation is completed when the strength of the drink is about seven degrees, if you make it higher, then the drink will have bitterness inherent only in dry wines, but for the sweet Asti it is completely unacceptable. The drink does not pass the second fermentation.To prevent this process from starting again, it is stopped with the help of special yeasts.
When the required level of alcohol is reached, the wine is cooled to -5 ° C. Secondary microfiltration and bottling produced in the cold. It cannot be said that the production of Martini Asti is simple, but it is the complexity of the process that makes it possible to achieve an incredible result.
The main task of winemakers in the production of the drink - is to make high-quality wine without losing the exquisite taste and retaining an unsurpassed aroma. In this case, it is strictly forbidden to use any additives.
Sparkling wine "Asti"
So that the wine could be called Asti, it should be made only from selected berries collected in a strictly designated area. Wines from the Asti region are eligible to receive the category DOCG.
The aroma of this sparkling drink should contain tones of peach, apples, citrus notes and mint give it a special freshness, and sage, bergamot, lavender and linden will add spice to it.
Full name - Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita. This category of wines is the highest in Italy. Such an inscription on the label of the wine means that the drink was produced in a specific area according to a strictly defined technology,which is approved by ministerial decrees. This category is higher than DOCK. Both are analogues of the French AOK.
For a wine to receive the category DOCG, it must be kept for at least five years. Moreover, a set of various factors is important here: human, natural and historical. Wine should be different from other similar drinks.
In addition, the drink should be fairly well-known and have recognition both in the national and international markets. Drinks in this category are subject to mandatory physical, chemical and organoleptic control at the Institute of Wine. Experts must confirm that the product is manufactured by the claimed method and has the necessary characteristics. The analysis is taken not from one specific bottle, but across the entire bottling line.
Just before bottling, the commission, which only includes licensed specialists, checks the wine and marks it with a special excise stamp with a certain number. DOCG category wines are bottled exclusively in bottles whose volume is less than five liters.
Reviews of champagne "Martini Asti" often positive. And it is worth noting that this wine causes negative emotions in those who simply do not like sweet champagne. It has nothing to do with the quality of the drink.A champion lover of the “brut” category cannot like a sweet drink, even if it has an unsurpassed taste and divine aroma. It is important to take into account your preferences, perhaps, someone simply cannot objectively evaluate the taste of this or that alcohol.
How much is champagne "Martini Asti", it is better to find out immediately before purchase. Since prices in different stores and different regions may vary. For example, in Moscow a standard 0.7 bottle costs about a thousand rubles, in the Belgorod region the same bottle can cost a hundred rubles less.