Brick stove for a bath with his own hands. A simple brick stove for a bath
Bath is a real source of health. This was known from time immemorial. The most popular steam rooms - in the Russian bath, as well as the Finnish sauna.
Sauna is characterized by the following temperature regime - + 60-120 degrees, as well as dry steam and humidity, which does not exceed 25%. In the Russian bath soared when heated to 50-80 degrees. At the same time the level of humidity can reach 100%. In most cases, the owners of country cottages and cottages decide to build their own bath, and pay special attention, of course, a brick oven.
Features of arrangement
Laying a brick furnace in the bath is a very important process. An important role in this matter is played by the materials used, as well as their physical properties. No less important is the scheme itself brick stove for a bath. For the construction of using different materials.In this case, the brick is considered ideal. This is due to the fact that such a material is able to warm up evenly and slowly. Thanks to it in a sweating room optimum air temperature is maintained. It is also worth noting that there is no overheating of the room.
A simple brick stove for a bath is suitable. However, the structure must meet certain requirements. Drawing brick oven is carried out taking into account the total area of the room. The design should be folded according to the rules. Such a furnace should behave in the same way at -20 and +20 degrees. Thus, during the summer, the brick kiln should warm up first. Only then comes the turn of the premises. If badly heated stones interact with the heated room, then heavy, wet steam will form. He, in turn, does not differ in any healing effect, but only harms.
How to fix the situation?
It should be noted that not everyone can afford a brick stove for a Russian bath. In some cases, there are already metal structures. Their warming up is uneven.To correct the situation, the construction is covered with bricks. That, of course, quite economical option. However, this is not the best brick stove for a bath. However, facilities of this kind are quite popular. Next, we analyze how to make such a simple brick stove for a bath.
Some nuances of construction
- The laying should be done in half-brick. The recommended distance from the metal structure is 15 cm.
- It is necessary to equip the building so that there is a possibility of water pouring, as well as regulating the heating of the steam rooms. To do this, in the brickwork must be made openings.
- Doors for warming up are necessarily located above and below (in pairs). The lower openings provide air entrapment, and the upper openings provide its return to the steam room.
Of course, this option is not ideal. However, it is advisable to use them if there is no other way out.
Brick stove for a bath with his own hands: a scheme
The construction consists of the following elements:
- Ashtrays with chimney.
There are mounted (placed directly on the furnace) and indigenous (autonomous, adjacent to the overall design) pipes.
The pipe must necessarily rise above the surface of the roof. The minimum height is 0.5 m. A brick stove for a bath can be built with a pipe. An otter must necessarily be made where the structure exits through the roof. Its main task is to protect the gap formed from precipitation. The expansion of the pipe, the diameter of which is equal to the whole brick or its half, is made where it passes directly through the ceiling. This ensures the protection of wooden ceiling elements from fire. The construction of the pipe within the attic, as well as above the roof is done with the help of cement mortar. In the first case, among other things, the structure should be wiped and whitened. Thanks to such manipulations, it is possible to determine how tightly folded a brick stove is for a bath with its own hands. This will indicate soot whitewashing.
Brick furnace for sauna "heater"
This is a relatively simple structure. Asbestos-cement or metal pipes serve as a chimney in such heating structures. These building materials have their drawbacks.In case of strong cooling, condensation may occur on asbestos-cement or metal. At the same time it flows into the furnace. The occurrence of such a situation is very undesirable. In order to avoid this, the pipe must be hidden in a heat-insulating fireproof case. In this case, the construction of bricks is also permissible.
The main advantages
Brick sauna stove "Kamenka" has many advantages:
- The inner walls of the pipe are smooth. In addition, they are impermeable to smoke. The pipe itself has a round section.
- Cheap bricks can be used, the quality of which is relatively low.
- The construction is relatively easy. The fact is that asbestos-cement pipe is a kind of guide.
A brick stove for a bath, assembled by itself according to this principle, has the ability to perfectly accumulate heat. Directly above the furnace is a camera. Stones are put into it. Not only cobblestones can be used to get steam. Cast iron ingots are also widely used. They are located on the snapped arch of the furnace.Flue gases travel a rather long way. First, they pass through the slots of the vault, and then through the cobblestones and ingots. After that, the gases are in separate side flue channels. Only then they go outside through the pipe. A special window is used so that you can pour water on the stones. Through him, the formed steam enters the steam room.
The laying of the furnace implies the observance of the following proportions: 80% of stones and 20% of ingots (60 kg per 1 m3). Large families are best suited project with a water tank. It is placed on the side. For structures of periodic action, the calculation of the required mass of stones is different - for 1 m3up to 40 kg. As a result, their number, even for a small area, is very large. For continuous furnaces, so much is not required. For them, an average of 80-200 kg. This is due to the fact that in this case the additional use of firewood ensures constant maintenance of heat.
Features of the construction process
Next, we will take a closer look at how a brick furnace for a bath is going to do it by hand. Its design includes a piece of metal pipe. It will be used as a set.Recommended parameters: diameter - up to 400 mm, length - up to 600 mm. According to the scheme, the water tank is located on the side. Steel support leaves must be welded to the roof. With their help, the pipe is laid in the structure itself. The vault requires tightness. To do this, the ends of the tube should be additionally scalded with a special sheet. In this case, the masonry is adjacent to the metal. A small barrier should also be installed to allow hot air to enter the chimney. To do this, the sheet must be welded to the arch. This design is also called "screen". The water tank, which corresponds to this scheme, has the following parameters: capacity - up to 45 l. It must be embedded in the side wall. The material of which such a tank is made is sheet steel. Its thickness can reach 10 mm. It should be such in that place where the tank adjoins directly a fire chamber. From the inside of the side wall of the structure it is necessary to install a chimney section. It must be equipped with a damper. The chimney is fastened to the brickwork with wire clamps.At the same time its lower end should rest against a metal tank.
Basis of construction
The upper part of the brick furnace is laid with stones. In total, they may require up to 200 kg. From above Kamenka is closed by a cover. It is made of galvanized sheet. The cover is removed exclusively for steam. On the side is a hole that is designed to supply water to the stones. Recommended parameters: 200x250 mm. This design is suitable for continuous operation. It can also be used periodically. Stoves heated during bath procedures must be loaded with stones (up to 150 kg).
The following building materials will be required:
- Steel sheet.
- Galvanized tin.
- Water pipe.
- Firebox doors.
- Asbestos cement pipe.
- Doors blew.
- Metal pipe.
- Reinforcing bar.
- Common brick.
For masonry brick oven must be equipped with a good foundation. This is due to the fact that the weight of this design is huge. It can reach 1250 kg. The foundation is settled before laying the floor. As for the location of the future construction, it should be no closer than 50 cm to the walls of the room. The required size of the foundation is approximately 5 cm larger than the furnace itself.Its edge is necessarily located below the floor level.
It is necessary to observe a certain sequence when building a brick furnace for a bath with your own hands. Ordering is necessary. It is done in order to not get confused in the assembly process. Each level has its own specific parameters. Only in this way will an efficient and reliable construction be erected. The number of rows depends on the height of the room. The countdown must start from the bottom. He is solid. This series should be given special attention. The diagonal of the foundation is measured very carefully. Attention should also be paid to extreme bricks. They must be of high quality and have smooth edges. Depending on the design of the furnace, the required number of continuous rows is calculated. In some cases, only one is enough, and in others - two or more. The masonry of the furnace body is calibrated by a plumb along the first row. It is recommended to choose the same bricks. Interfere with the usual red with refractory is not necessary. Depending on the heating rate, their degree of expansion varies.If the combination is unsuccessful, then cracks may appear in the design.
Brick ovens are considered traditional. Fuel for them can serve as firewood, as well as coal. For kamenok best of all birch. Such firewood does not "shoot" and does not spark. At the same time they give a sufficient amount of heat. In case of using firewood from coniferous breeds, during the fire they smoke and smoke. However, this can be avoided. In the oven you need to add a little potato peel or aspen cones. This is done at the end of the furnace.
How to fill the camera?
In this case, you should remember that there are special sauna stones. They undergo special treatment. It is also necessary to take precautions to avoid carbon monoxide poisoning. It is required to separate the filling from the chimney and the combustion chamber. It is best to choose heavy, dense and whole stones. In addition, it is necessary to give preference to natural options. In this case, the only exception is sandstone. This stone is capable of clogging steam channels. In addition, he very quickly becomes unusable. The recommended diameter of stones is not less than 10 cm.After the first firebox is carried out, they need to be checked. They should not expand from the effects of temperature or crack. Best of all, if the selected stones will have a round shape and a smooth surface. It is not recommended to give preference to sharp variants. When water gets on them, they can start shooting. It is recommended to choose bare, boulders or granite.
Before placing the stones in the oven, they should be thoroughly washed. Thus, the dirt that has accumulated on their surface will not be in the steam room. The bottom layer should consist of larger stones. Accordingly, small ones remain above. The strongest stones should be laid out from the sides. In some cases it is required to increase the heating rate. To do this, cast iron pigs must be laid vertically. The recommended diameter of stones laid in the bottom row is not less than 15 cm. They must be located directly on the grate. In the case of a heat-accumulating stove, the masonry should, at a minimum, cover the holes of the latter. All items that have cracked within one year of use should be replaced with new ones.