Bearded agama: maintenance, care, feeding and interesting facts
She is pretty and very kind. Her movements are fascinating. And when she carefully looks at the owner, it causes a smile of emotion.
She can sit for hours on the hand of the owner and expose his head to him - to scratch. Sometimes it even falls asleep at the hands of the owner.
What is this beast? Not a beast, but a reptile called the bearded agama. This article is dedicated to her.
Who is it?
Lizard, very cute. But seriously, the bearded agama belongs to the agamic family. It is a rather large lizard. The name was due to the bag under her chin. In fact, he does not look like a beard. Rather, goiter.
A resident of Australia. It prefers desert, arid terrain. Scorching sunshine can destroy any living thing, but not agamus. The higher the temperature, the better she feels. In the wild, digs holes in the sand.Has a keen interest in lasagna, easily climb on a stone. On a hot day, a bearded agama can be seen lying on a stone, blissfully squinting against the sun's rays.
What is this lizard? It is a bit like a miniature crocodile. But not on a terrible predator, but on a sweet one.
The bearded agama is large and muscular. Its torso reaches a length of 60 cm, of which about 40% falls on the tail. The head is triangular in shape, eyes are narrowed, of a dark color. The upper body of the animal is covered with scales similar to sharp thorns. From this the agama seems very formidable. In fact, there are no thorns. The scales are very soft, and it is impossible to hurt yourself about it.
In case of danger, the lizard inflates its neck goiter. This allows it to increase in size visually and scares off potential enemies.
As for the usual way of avoiding danger in the form of dropping the tail, this option is not for representatives of the agamians. Not because they are so bold, but due to the fact that their tail does not have the ability to recover.
At home, the bearded agama is unpretentious to the content of the pet.What you need for a decent existence of an exotic lizard at home? First, the terrarium. Secondly, a UV lamp and a fluorescent lamp. And the third point is nutrition. All three points in more detail below.
House for Agama
A terrarium for a bearded agama needs a big one. And even if you first settle a small lizard in a small container, over time you will have to expand its living space. This is due to the rapid growth of the lizard. By 10 months, it reaches the size of an adult.
What you need for a terrarium and what size is desirable to acquire a "house"? To begin with, we will focus on the type of terrarium. It should be glass and horizontal. Cubic and square for an exotic newcomer are not suitable. This lizard leads a terrestrial lifestyle, it requires space for movement.
Why the glass box? It has less humidity, this is the first. Secondly, better ventilation. And thirdly, the agama will not scratch the glass. And the plastic is quite capable of scratching with its sharp claws.
What are the sizes of the terrarium? 180 x 50 x 40 is for at least one lizard. For a couple of exotic pets, a larger area is required.
The content of bearded agas in the terrarium is not the most difficult. However, shelters are required for these lizards. Being very careful in their natural habitat, the agamas have many enemies. They need to have a safe place to hide from their detractors. The habits of exotic beauties home contents have not changed.
It is necessary to select a shelter in such a way that an unusual pet can completely hide under it. And at the same time see what is happening around. What is suitable as a place like this? For example, a large stone with a hole to enter inside. In the pet store you can buy a house for the aga for every taste and taking into account the growth of the lizard.
The content of the bearded agama in the terrarium is not too troublesome, but certain conditions should be observed. So, an exotic pet needs more than shelter. One of the most important attributes is ground. It is difficult to predict which one is ideal and which one is bad. On this issue is still being debated. In general, soils are divided into several types. Consider each option.
Sand and stones
In its natural habitat, the bearded agama lives among sands and small stones.But the domesticated lizard is not accustomed to this. She is omnivorous, curious and quite capable of swallowing sand and shallow soil. This will lead to intestinal blockage.
To avoid such trouble and, as a result, the death of an exotic animal, breeders recommend to fall asleep in a terrarium calcium sand. It passes through the digestive tract, without harming him. Such sand can be purchased at the pet store. But its lack of value. Calcium sand is quite expensive, and it should be covered in a layer of 7-10 cm. Agamas like to burrow into the sand, and its insufficient amount will result in stress for the lizard.
Now in pet stores sell mats, heaters for reptiles. Such an accessory is convenient, easy to clean and can serve as an additional source of heating. The only negative is that such a rug can not be filled with soil on top. Even a thin layer. This reduces the heating benefits to zero, because the ground absorbs heat from the mat.
These types of coatings are suitable only for those inhabitants who like high humidity. Agama is a desert inhabitant. And the humidity is not friendly.Therefore, it is possible to use this substrate as a filler for a terrarium only if the owner is confident that he can prevent excessive moisture.
Paper and newspapers
Not the best option as a condition for keeping a bearded agama. Lizard will not be able to dig in such a "ground". This is in the first place, and secondly, newspapers are not well absorbent. Yes, and it looks like a terrarium with such a filler is not too aesthetically pleasing.
What can not be used as a primer?
Rubber mats and artificial peat. The lizard tastes them, swallows and "earns" an intestinal blockage.
Heating and lighting
Not less important points that need to be paid attention to anyone who wants to provide proper care and maintenance of the bearded agame. We remember that this lizard is a lover of heat and low humidity. In its natural environment, there is a lot of sun, and therefore, ultraviolet rays. The terrarium must be equipped with a UV lamp. Ultraviolet rays contribute to a better absorption of calcium and vitamin D, stimulate the appetite of an exotic pet.
As for the heating.The terrarium should be equipped in such a way that the temperature in it does not fall during the day below 26 degrees. Ideal for agama - 26-29 degrees. The temperature under the heating point should be 35-38 degrees. The lamp is fixed in such a way that the bearded pet has no direct contact with it. Otherwise it is fraught with burns.
At night, for heating, you should choose a lamp that does not give light. Perfect ceramic.
What is the optimal day length? 14 hours is ideal.
Does agame need plants?
Sometimes the owners of these cute lizards set up artificial plants in a terrarium. And then they wonder: what happened to the pet? It is blackened, lies in one place and sluggishly reacts to environmental stimuli. Perhaps the bearded agama tasted the plant. And she got an intestinal blockage.
Therefore, no artificial plants should not be. As well as these. You should not put a live cactus in the terrarium. Neither the plant nor the agama will appreciate this.
In the terrariums for bearded agas you need to put stones and snags. This is so that their inhabitants could meet their needs for climbing and allto study. Before installing the site, they must be properly washed and scalded with boiling water. And then dry.
How to feed a pet?
Keeping bearded agas requires owners to be thoroughly knowledgeable about their diet. What should a loving owner remember?
These are omnivores. In the wild, insects, small rodents and plants form the diet of lizards.
Eating young agamas is different from the diet of adults.
Up to 4-5 months, lizards are fed three times a day.
The percentage of protein and plant foods is as follows: 60-80% protein, 40-20% vegetables.
In adult agamas, the opposite is true: vegetables in their menu occupy 80%, only 20% is devoted to protein.
Adult lizards are fed 2 times a day.
What to feed the agama?
Food of animal origin and plant.
The protein diet for an exotic pet is as follows:
- Flour worms.
The vegetable menu is richer and more varied. Agame can offer:
- Apples without peel and seeds.
- Dandelion leaves.
Vegetables are scalded and cut into small pieces. For small agamas, grate vegetables.
How to drink your exotic petit? Agamas receive water from spraying the body once a day. But to put the drinker in the terrarium is permissible, suddenly the lizard wants some water after hours.
The lizard, as mentioned above, got its name because of the presence of neck goiter. At the moment of danger or in the marriage period, the agama inflates this goiter, which gives it a formidable, but very pretty look.
At the moment of stress, this exotic beauty changes color. The worse it is, the blacker it becomes.
The same goes for the disease. If the pet is sick, it gets dark. And the worse the condition of the lizard, the blacker its skin.
This is the most interesting question for those who are thinking about purchasing a mini-crocodile. How long does a bearded agama live? With good care, her life span is 10 years.
What they are
What are the morphs of bearded agas? In nature, there were only gray lizards with shades of orange, beige, brown and black. Breeding allowed to achieve exotic colors. There are apricot and orange, and red, and even with a blue tinge of lizard.
The main variations of colors today are:
Leucist. The color is white, without any impurities.
Blood red These agamas are colored in rich red.
Snow. White color with delicate pink stripes. Often confused with leucists.
Fiery sand. Red-golden individuals.
Salmon. This name was for the coloring. It varies from pale pink to orange.
Sunburst Representatives of this morph are saturated yellow or orange with red stripes.
We found out everything about agamas: how to maintain them, how to care, feed, water, and even what size a bearded agama is in adulthood. But there is another subsection worthy of our attention. This breeding data lizards.
Starting breeding exotic comrades better when they are two years old. First, they are satisfied with the winter. In December, the male and female are seated, and in the new dwellings of both individuals they begin to slowly reduce the temperature. Its daily rate - from 23 to 26 degrees, night - from 16 to 21 degrees. Such a decrease occurs within 10-14 days. Light day is reduced to 9 hours. Pets become a little active and eat less.
This mode is maintained for 10-12 weeks. Then gradually increase the temperature and abundantly feed the future parents of feed with the addition of calcium.
The male is seated on a female, and during 14-21 days, the active courtship phase takes place. The groom inflates a beard, actively nods his head, changes color. After this period, pairing occurs.
The first signs of pregnancy in the female appear within a month. It inflates from eggs. The future mother walks around the terrarium, something is digging and scraping. Shortly before laying eggs, the lizard refuses to eat.
After 50-90 days, the young hatch. Young animals should have constant access to water, and the diet is detailed above. Feed babies 3-4 times a day. After they were born, parents are rejected.
In this article, we talked about bearded agamas. As you can see, the lizard requires excellent content. It is not particularly capricious, but a properly equipped terrarium, the presence of adequate lighting and a UV lamp, the ground is very important for the full life of an agama.
This is a wonderful exotic pet. Bearded agamas are social, very contact and quickly get used to the owner.With proper care, the lizard will delight the owner for about 10 years.