Australian Terrier: photos and description of the breed, nature, proper care and maintenance
Terriers are a huge group of dogs that includes dozens of breeds. Cheerful, friendly, active creatures become great companions for the hunter, who with great pleasure accompany him in the campaigns for game. Today, the focus of our attention is one of the oldest representatives of this group - the Australian Terrier.
The Australian Terrier was bred in the 19th century. His main task - the hunt for rodents and snakes. That is, his duties were not the extraction of food, but the protection of the house from annoying and dangerous creatures. The Australian Terrier is doing very well with these tasks. Small, active, agile, he can run around the clock and not get tired. For reference: if you want to buy this dog for an apartment, you will have to walk a lot with them.
The Australian Terrier is valued as a watchdog and companion.Today he retains all his qualities, but is most valued in catching poisonous snakes. Dogs cleverly capture them by the neck and instantly take their lives.
A dog of strong build, dense, squat, but short. It is easy to estimate, considering a photo of the Australian terrier. Height at withers is 26 cm, and weight reaches 6.5 kg. Its exterior is slightly elongated, but this is not a disadvantage; rather, these are features of the breed. Appearance unpretentious, at first glance rude. This is not a sofa dog, but a real hunter. The head is long with a flat forehead, the ears are erect, the eyes are dark, the nose is black. The hair is longer on the body, in short - on the limbs and legs. On the head is a small, soft tuft.
This is usually not critical for hunters. At the exhibitions they participate in the same ring regardless of the color of the coat. The description of the Australian Terrier once again confirms this. The color may be sandy, dark gray, red or brown, black or silver, tan or cheprakom. There are a lot of color variations. Every puppy that is born to terriers can be unique.
To date, this provision has already been removed from the list of mandatory. At exhibitions, dogs with a tail as long as nature has given are accepted, but it’s more common to see short-tailed terriers. Many stop the tail for 2/5 of its length. This allows the owner to help his pet at the moment when he works in a hole, underground. The tail can grab the entire palm and pull the pet. This is a real working dog, hardy and brave.
If you are currently choosing a companion for yourself, then it is very important to study all the features of the breed and decide whether it suits you. Like humans, dogs are very different. There are features that are due to belonging to a particular breed. The Australian Terrier is a dog of small stature, strong build, but at the same time the dog combines the courage and strength of a large dog. Therefore, to perceive it as a sofa toy is not worth it.
This is a devoted and courageous dog, which is characterized by incredible courage. At the same time, they are very affectionate, gentle and friendly with their family. Distinguishes them and high intelligence. Inquisitive and energetic, he involuntarily causes a smile.They get along well with all family members, including young children. No problems with other pets. Sometimes an Australian silky terrier may begin to hunt a cat or domestic rabbit, but this is not because of aggressiveness, but simply obeying instincts.
Children are treated favorably, do not mind playing with them, but they will not take patronage and play the role of nurse. The keen hearing and sight makes them excellent guards. Breed Australian Terrier is suitable for the role of a bodyguard. They are wary of strangers, but they do not show aggression if they are not provoked. They are lively and very energetic creatures. It is not recommended to leave them alone for long.
Definition is the best fit for this terrier. It is a small dog with a long head, small eyes and small ears. The Australian Silky Terrier loves to bark, dig and run. If you live in a cottage with a large territory or go to the forest often, then the dog will be very happy with you. But in the apartment you may face dissatisfaction with the neighbors.
Early learning and socialization is the minimum necessary to keep this creation at home. Strong and very active, it can become uncontrollable.If you consider yourself a very busy person, then this breed is not for you. Once again, these dogs are very active. If you like more calm and impressive creatures, then pay attention to other breeds.
Peculiarities of care
If you do not like to pay much attention to the pet's hair, then the Australian Terrier is perfect for you. The photo shows us a small dog with straight, tough and even coarse fur. The undercoat is short but thick and soft. This protects animals from the weather, makes them ideal companions for hunting, where the temperature of the air can vary during the day.
To keep your pet a decent appearance, it is recommended to comb it several times a week. Since the wool is coarse, it is trimmed every three months. The hair around the eyes and ears is usually clipped. Breed description Australian Terrier does not contain such recommendations, it is done at will.
Terrier sheds little, what pleases the owner, if the pet lives in the house. If you regularly comb out, then there are no problems at all. Bathe the dog rarely and only with a mild shampoo.
Hard-haired or silky
The Australian Terrier has a hard coat.This is a working dog and long curls for him not to face. But there is a separate branch of this breed, the wool of which is soft, flowing. They resemble their appearance Yorkshire terrier. Their coat reaches a length of up to 16 cm. These dogs are even rarer and more expensive than their hard-haired relatives. To meet them in Russia is almost impossible.
In turn, grooming is simple and convenient. Silky Terrier practically does not fade, does not smell, it is perfect for people prone to allergies. The dog needs to be combed out often so that its soft wool is poured. If you leave it without leaving for a few weeks, then there will be mats, which will only be cut.
These dogs are quickly trained, but from monotonous training often begin to get bored and stubborn, so it is best to conduct classes in special areas equipped with slides and other projectiles. It is necessary to find not only a place for training, but also for communication between animals.
Australian terrier snails require early socialization. They must have a general obedience course. You will not get anything from them by shouting and brute force - this is a very smart dog that requires patience and encouragement for success.And again we remind that the activity of a terrier knows no boundaries. This dog requires a high load, both physical and mental. If you leave her bored in the apartment for the whole day, in the evening you will see a real mayhem.
The dog is unassuming in food and can adapt to any food. Including food from your table. The latter can be practiced only if you eat only healthy food, that is, steamed or boiled meat, cereals and stewed vegetables without salt and spices. Otherwise, it is better to cook your pet separately or buy a balanced feed.
From the diet of the dog you need to completely eliminate any bones, sugar and sweets. It is important not to overfeed the dog, so bakery products need to be added in minimal quantities. Be sure to include in the diet of fermented milk products, it is necessary for the normal growth and development of the pet.
When purchasing a puppy, you should find out in detail that the baby was eating besides mother's milk. During the first month after leaving home, their power supply system should not change, only after adaptation, new products can be gradually added, expanding the diet. Silky Terrier can be fed with premium ready-made feeds or natural products.
On this we today and finish the description of the breed. The photo of the Australian Terrier shows us a cheerful, active and very cheerful dog, which allows us to judge about good health. It really is. The dog very rarely suffers from diseases, but this does not eliminate the need for mandatory preventive vaccinations. With proper nutrition and sufficient activity, she will always feel great. True, there are diseases that are characteristic of this breed - it is patella dysplasia, epilepsy, skin diseases and diabetes. All of them are adjusted to a certain extent, so you need to go to the veterinarian in time for an appointment.
Instead of conclusion
If you are looking for an active and cheerful dog that will be with great pleasure accompanying you on all walks, then pay attention to the Australian Terrier. Today there are not many of them in Russia, so you will have to contact individual nurseries - hence the high price. But if you want to get yourself a calm and imposing pet, it is better to consult a dog handler. Silky Terrier is definitely not your best choice.